Newport Data in Your BackyardFindings from the 2012 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook Presented by Stephanie Geller Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Newport, Rhode Island
Special Thanks Special thanks toNewport Partnership for Families for hosting today’s presentation
2012 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook The 2012 Factbook is the 18th annual publication and contains 67 indicators of child well-being across 5 issue areas. Most indicators include city and town level information.
Newport’s Child Population, By Race & Ethnicity, 2010 Population Under 18 Years of Age Other Asian 14% White 2,405 American 1% Indian Hispanic or Latino 703 1% Black 337 Black 8% American Indian 37 Asian 39 White Two or More Races 528 59% Other 34 Hispanic or Latino Total 4,083 17% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010. Between 2000 and 2010, the number of children living in Newport went down 21% from 5,199 to 4,083, the largest decrease in any Rhode Island community. The racial/ethnic make-up of the city has also changed with decreased numbers of White and Black children in the city and increased numbers of Hispanic/Latino children.*Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding
Children in Single-Parent Families 50% 46% 42% 40% 31% 30% 21% 18% 20% 10% 0% Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Cities Rhode Island Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010.• In 2010, 42% (1,698) of children in Newport lived in single-parent families, compared to 31% of children in the state as a whole and 46% of children in the four core cities.• Between 2008 and 2010, 77% of all poor children in Rhode Island lived in a single-parent family.
Mother’s Education Level, 2006-2010 Newport Rhode Island 46% 50% 35% 40% 22% 27% 30% 12% 16% 13% 17% 20% 10% 0% Less than HS HS Diploma Some College Bachelors Diploma Degree or Above Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, Center for Health Data and Analysis, 2006-2010.• In Newport, 12% of mothers had less than a high school diploma, slightly lower than the state average (16%). Newport’s percentage of mothers with a bachelor’s degree or above (46%) was higher than the state average (35%).• Research shows strong links between parental education levels and a child’s school readiness, health, and the level of education that the child is likely to achieve.
Infants Born at Highest Risk Mother: Child: 9 times more likely to grow up in Under Age 20 poverty More likely to suffer from abuse or neglect Unmarried Less likely to be ready for school at kindergarten entry Less likely to perform well in school Without a High School Degree Less likely to complete high school• In 2011, 417 (4%) Rhode Island babies were born with all three risk factors, 9 of whom were born to mothers living in Newport.• 4% of babies born in 2011 to mothers living in Newport were born at highest risk, a higher rate than Middletown and Portsmouth, but lower than the core city rate (6%).• High-quality, evidence-based programs (e.g., home visiting programs) can help mitigate the risks faced by these children.
Child Poverty in Newport• The poverty level in 2011 was $18,123 for a family of three with two children and $22,811 for a family of four with two children.• The extreme poverty level in 2011 was $9,062 for a family of three with two children and $11,406 for a family of four with two children.• The Poverty Institute’s 2010 Rhode Island Standard of Need states that a single parent with two young children would need $48,576 a year to pay basic living expenses, including housing, food, clothing, health care, child care and transportation.
Children in Poverty Child Poverty Child Poverty Child Poverty Low-Income 2000 2006-2010 Margin of Error (FRPL)**Middletown 264 (6.2%) 445 (12.2%) +4.51% 27%Newport 1,267 (24.4%) 556 (14.4%)* +7.07%* 56%Portsmouth 118 (2.8%) 215 (5.6%)* +8.76%* 14%Four Core Cities 28,291 (35.9%) 24,982 (33.7%) +0.85% 79%Rhode Island 41,162 37,925 (16.7%) +0.59% 44% (16.9%)*Note: These communities have high margins of errors, a measure of the reliability of the estimate.**Note: Percentage of children eligible for an enrolled in the Free and Reduced Price Lunch (FRPL) Program (<185% FPL).Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 and 2006-2010, Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, October 1, 2011.
Disparities in Poverty Rates• While half (50%) of all poor children in Rhode Island are White, minority children are much more likely to be living in poverty than their White peers.
Cost of Housing$2,000 $1,313$1,500 $1,001$1,000 Newport $1,150 Rhode Island $500 $748 $0 2000 2001 2003 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Source: Rhode Island Housing, Annual Rent Surveys, 2000-2011.• To afford the average rent in Rhode Island of $1,150 without a cost burden, a worker would need to earn $22.12 per hour and work 40 hours a week. This is almost 3 times the state’s minimum wage of $7.40 per hour.• In 2011, the average cost of a 2-BR apartment in Newport was $1,313. A family of three living at the poverty level in Newport would have to devote 85% of its household income to rent. Housing is considered to be affordable if it consumes 30% or less of a family’s household income.
Homeless Children & Youth• In 2011, 1,092 children under age 18 received emergency housing in a homeless shelter or a domestic violence shelter in RI. • Newport was the last permanent residence for 37 of these children• During the 2010-2011 school year, Rhode Island public school personnel identified 977 children as homeless. • Newport Public School personnel identified 27 children as homeless
Families Receiving Cash Assistance• From 1996 to 2011, there was a 62% decline in Rhode Island’s cash assistance caseload.• In December 2011, 9% (353) of children in Newport were receiving cash assistance, down from 10% (537) in 2005 but up from 5% in 2010.• More than two-thirds (68%) of all RI Works beneficiaries are children under the age of 18. Half (50%) of the children enrolled in RI Works are under the age of six.• In SFY 2011, for the second year in a row, the state budget included no general revenue spending for cash assistance.
Children Receiving SNAP Benefits• In October 2011, 1,402 children in Newport were receiving SNAP benefits, a 59% increase in participation from 2005.• Research shows that hunger and lack of regular access to sufficient food are linked to serious health, psychological, emotional and academic problems in children and can impede their healthy growth and development.
School Breakfast Program % of Eligible Low-Income Children Participating in School Breakfast, October 2011 60% 45% 36% 40% 28% 23% 20% 20% 0% Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Rhode Island Cities Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2011.• In October 2011, an average of 335 (28%) low-income children in Newport participated in the School Breakfast Program each day out of 1,190 who were eligible for free or reduced-price breakfast.• Universal School Breakfast programs, which provide free breakfast to all children, regardless of income, increase school breakfast participation and can reduce administrative costs. Offering breakfast in the classroom at the start of the school day can also help increase participation.• Students who eat breakfast have significantly higher math and reading scores, fewer absences, improved attentiveness and lower incidences of social and behavioral problems.
Uninsured Children in Rhode Island• New Census data released last month showed that between 2009 and 2011, 5.9% of Rhode Island children (13,000 children) under age 18 were uninsured, slightly less than between 2006 and 2008, when 6.3% of Rhode Island children were uninsured. Rhode Island ranks 10th best in the nation for children’s health coverage.• Although the percentage of children with employer-sponsored health coverage has been steadily decreasing, children’s health insurance coverage rates in Rhode Island have held steady, with more children enrolled in RIte Care, Rhode Island’s combined Medicaid/Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
Infant Health Outcomes, 2006-2010 Delayed Preterm Births Low Infant Prenatal Care Birthweight Mortality Infants Rate/1000 Births Middletown 9.3% 9.2% 6.4% 3.3 Newport 9.0% 12.2% 8.3% 4.8 Portsmouth 9.0% 6.9% 4.8% 2.9 Four Core Cities 21.0% 13.0% 9.0% 8.2 Rhode Island 15.6% 11.6% 8.0% 6.5 Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, Center for Health Data and Analysis, Maternal and Child Health Database, 2006-2010.• Early prenatal care is important to identify and treat health problems and influence health behaviors that can compromise fetal development, infant health and maternal health.• While the state’s delayed prenatal care rate has been increasing, Newport’s rate has been decreasing. Between 2006-2010 when 9.0% of women received delayed or no prenatal care, compared to the previous five-year period, 2001-2005, when 14.2% of women received delayed prenatal care.
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels• Despite declines in lead poisoning rates, kindergarten children living in Rhode Island’s core cities are more likely to have a history of confirmed elevated blood lead levels (3.6%) than children in the remainder of the state (1.2%).• Of the 280 Newport children who will enter kindergarten in the fall of 2013 who were screened for elevated blood lead levels: • 10 (3.6%) screened positive (finger prick test) • 5 (1.8%) were confirmed positive for lead levels <10mcg/dL with a secondary blood test.
Births to Teens Births per 1,000 girls, 2006-2010 60.0 50.8 50.0 40.0 37.5 Middletown 26.3 27.0 30.0 23.9 25.5 Newport 17.3 20.3 20.0 8.2 11.2 Portsmouth 10.0 2.0 5.3 Rhode Island 0.0 Ages 15-17 Ages 18-19 Ages 15-19 Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, 2006-2010.• Newport’s teen birth rate for young teen girls has been declining, but Newport still has the 5th highest rate in the state (23.9 births per 1,000 girls ages 15-17) and is higher than the state rate (17.3 births per 1,000 girls ages 15-17).• Newport’s teen birth rate for older teens ages 18 to 19 is substantially lower than both the state rate (37.5) and neighboring Middletown (50.8).• In Newport between 2006 and 2010, 29 births were repeat teen births, making up 22.1% of the total 131 teen births in Newport during that period.
Juveniles Referred to Family Court and at the RI Training SchoolIn 2011, 3,962 youth were referred to Family Court for 6,658 wayward and delinquent offenses, downfrom 4,288 youth and 7,493 offenses in 2010, and continuing a downward trend over the past 4 years.• In 2011, 20 youth from Newport passed through the Training School, out of a total of 641 youth passed who passed through to the Training School in 2011.• Of the 20 youth from Newport who passed through the Training School in 2011, 12 were detained only and did not receive a sentence to the Training School or a community-based placement.
Children of Incarcerated Parents, 2011 # of Parents # of Children Rate per 1,000 Reported children Middletown 5 12 3.3 Newport 30 66 16.2 Portsmouth 2 4 1.0 Four Core Cities 672 1,476 17.7 Rhode Island 1,150 2,440 10.9 Source: Rhode Island Department of Corrections, September 30, 2011.• In 2011, 1,150 adults incarcerated in Rhode Island reported having 2,440 children, a rate of 10.9 per 1,000 children.• In 2011, 30 adults incarcerated in Rhode Island whose last known residence was Newport reported having 66 children, a rate of 16.2 per 1,000 children. Newport’s rate is the 5th highest in the state behind Providence, Woonsocket, West Warwick and Central Falls.
Child Abuse & Neglect Victims of Child Abuse and Neglect per 1,000 children, Middletown, Newport, Portsmouth, Core Cities, and Rhode Island, 2011 40.0 32.1 30.0 20.7 14.0 20.0 11.2 4.8 10.0 0.0 Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Cities Rhode Island Source: RI Department of Children, Youth and Families, RICHIST, 2011.• In 2011 in Newport, the rate of victims of child abuse and neglect was 32.1 per 1,000 children, the highest in the state and more than double the state rate of 14.0 per 1,000 children.• In 2011, the vast majority (79%) of child abuse and neglect victims were victims of neglect.
Children Enrolled in Early Head Start, 2011• In 2011, 7% of Newport children under age 3 were enrolled in Early Head Start.• In 2011, Early Head Start served 6% of the estimated 8,008 eligible children under age 3 in Rhode Island and 2% of all children under age 3.Children Enrolled in Head Start, 2011• In 2011, 23% of Newport children ages 3 to 4 were enrolled in Head Start.• In 2011, Head Start served 43% of the estimated 5,607 eligible children ages 3 to 4 in Rhode Island and 10% of all children ages 3 to 4.
Children in Full-Day Kindergarten Children Enrolled in Full-Day K 120% 100% 100% 100% 86% 80% 64% 60% 40% 20% 0% 0% Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Rhode Island Cities• In Rhode Island in 2011-2012, 64% (6,546) of children who attended kindergarten were in a full-day program. Nationally in 2009, 74% of public-school kindergarten students were enrolled in full-day programs.• As of the 2011-2012 school year, 19 school districts, including Newport and Middletown, offered universal access to full-day kindergarten classrooms. Another six school districts operated at least one full-day kindergarten classroom.
Chronic Early Absence• Chronic early absence is the percentage of children in kindergarten through third grade (K-3) who have missed at least 10% of the school year (i.e., 18 days or more), including excused and unexcused absences.• During the 2010-2011 school year, 16% of Newport children (122 children) in grades K-3 were chronically absent (i.e., absent 18 days or more), higher than the state rate of 12%.
Middle and High School Attendance Percentage of Students Absent 18+ Days, 2010-2011 School Year50% 43% 43%40%30% 25% 25% 19% 15%20%10% 7% 9% 6% 7% Middle School 0% High School Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Rhode Island CitiesSource: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2010-2011 school year. • Truant students are at-risk of disengagement from school, academic failure and dropping out. • During the 2010-2011 school year, 19% of Newport middle school students and 43% of Newport high school students missed 18 or more days of school. These rates were among the highest in the state.
Fourth Grade Reading Skills % At or Above the Proficiency Level on the NECAP Middletown, Newport, Portsmouth, Core Cities, and Rhode Island, 2005 & 2011 100% 87% 77% 75% 71% 80% 68% 60% 58% 51% 60% 46% 37% 40% 20% 2005 0% 2011 Middletown Newport Portsmouth Four Core Rhode Island Cities Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2005 & 2011.• Between 2005 and 2010, the percentage of fourth grade students in Newport public schools who were proficient in reading increased steadily from 46% to 66%; however, in 2011, only 58% of Newport fourth graders were proficient in reading.• Between 2005 and 2011, Newport’s eighth-grade reading proficiency rate increased from 50% to 78% and is now comparable to the state rate of 77%.
Math Skills 4th and 8th Grade Math Proficiency Rates, 2005 & 2011 4th Grade 4th Grade 8th Grade 8th Grade 2005 2011 2005 2011 Middletown 68% 66% 70% 76% Newport 34% 53% 39% 50% Portsmouth 67% 85% 72% 73% Four Core Cities 31% 45% 25% 33% Rhode Island 52% 65% 47% 58% Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2005 & 2011.• Newport has seen sizeable improvements in 4th and 8th grade mathematics proficiency since 2005, though the 4th and 8th grade math proficiency rates continue to be lower than the state rate.
High School Graduation and Dropout Rates Class of 2011 4-Year Dropout Rate % Received % Still in Graduation GED School Rate Middletown 72% 10% 5% 13% Newport 81% 11% 2% 7% Portsmouth 89% 6% 3% 2% Four Core 65% 21% 4% 10% Cities Rhode Island 77% 12% 3% 7% Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Class of 2011.• This chart shows the percentage of students who matriculated as freshmen in 2007-2008 who graduated in 4 years, dropped out, completed their GED and were retained in school. These percentages are based on actual student counts using the unique student identifier system.• From 2007 to 2011 the 4-year graduation rate in Newport increased from 60% to 81%, surpassing the statewide 4-year graduation rate of 77%.• Of the 143 9th graders who enrolled in 2005, 74% graduated in 4 years in 2009, 4% graduated in 5 years in 2010, and 1% graduated in 6 years in 2011 for a total 6-year graduation rate of 80%. *Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.
College Preparation and Access• Two-thirds (67%) of Rhode Island seniors who graduated from high school in 2008 went directly on to a two or four-year college the next fall, compared with 63% nationally. Rhode Island ranks 13th in the U.S. on this measure.• In Newport in 2011, 70% of juniors scored at or above proficiency in reading on the NECAP while 26% scored at or above proficiency in mathematics.• While some colleges do not require the SATs for admission, students limit their choice of colleges when they do not take the SAT exams. In 2011, 66% of Newport high school seniors took the SATs, compared to 59% statewide.• Students who participate in upper-level honors and Advanced Placement (AP) courses are more likely to attend selective colleges and are better prepared to succeed in college than students who do not. In 2011, only 20% of Rhode Island public school seniors took at least 1 AP exam, compared with the national rate of 30%.
Stephanie Geller Policy Analyst Rhode Island KIDS COUNT One Union Station Providence, RI 02903 email@example.com(401) 351-9400, ext. 11 voice (401) 351-1758 fax www.rikidscount.org