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From Latin architectura, from architectus, means
master-builder.
The art and science of designing and constructing
buildin...
Stone Architecture
 It is a building method by which structures are

constructed from massive and virtually
indestructibl...
Stone Architecture
Stonehenge
Brick Architecture
 The buildings are essentially built using bricks.
 Brick architecture is found primarily in areas th...
Brick Architecture
The Bank of Iwate, Nakanohashi Branch
Wood Architecture
 One of the most popular and desirable building

materials.
Wood Architecture
Upside-down House
Cast Iron Architecture
 It is a form of architecture where cast iron plays

a central role. It was a prominent style in
t...
Cast Iron Architecture
Eiffel Tower
Steel Architecture
 Very strong metal with some carbon and other

metals. Harder than cast iron and very expensive.
Steel Architecture
Burj Khalifa
Concrete Architecture
 The most widely used man-made material

(measured by tonnage made) in the world.
Concrete Architecture
Pantheon
Shell Architecture
 Commonly called thin shell concrete structure, is a

structure composed of a relatively thin shell
of...
Shell Architecture
Oceanografic Valencia
Post-and-Lintel
 A beam is placed horizontally across upright

posts.
Post-and-Lintel
Post-and-Lintel
 A series of columns is called a colonnade.
Arch
 Support other structures, such as roofs. They

serve as an actual symbolic gateways.
Arch
Arch
 A series of arches is called an arcade.
Types of Arches
Vault
 An extended arch. It is used to provide a space

with a ceiling or roof.
Vault
Types of Vaults
Truss
 Lengths of wood, iron, or steel pieced together in

one or more triangular shape.
Truss
Dome
 A dome is an element of architecture that

resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
Dome
Buttress
 It’s an architectural structure built against or

projecting from a wall which serves to support or
reinforce t...
Buttress
Bahay na
Bato

In this era, the
nipa hut
or bahay kubo
gave way to
the Bahay na
bato (stone
house) and
became the
typical ...
Intramuros
Also called the
Walled City of
Manila located
along the
southern bank
of the Pasig
River. 1590 1872
Fort
Santiago

(Fuerte de
Santiago) is a
defense
fortress is
part of the
structures of
the walled city
of Manila
referred ...
Paco Park
A creational
garden area
and was
once Manila’s
municipal
cemetery
during the
Spanish
colonial
period. 18th
centu...
Paco Park
 Chapel of St.

Prancatius

 Original burial site of

Jose Rizal
San
Agustin
One of the
oldest churches
in the Philippines
The only building
left intact after
the destruction
of Intramuro...
San Agustin
 Interior of the Church
Lighthouse
Cape Bojeador
Lighthouse, (Burgo
s Lighthouse) is a
cultural heritage
structure in
Ilocos Norte that
was establ...
Silliman
Hall

The oldest
standing
American
structure in
the Philippines.
Another
prominent
landmark on
the main
campus. 1...
Manila Hotel
It is a 570room, built in
1909. This
historic fivestar hotel is
located along
Manila Bay in
Manila, Philippi
...
Manila Hotel
Interior of the Hotel

Rooms of the Hotel
CPU Church
The University
Church, Central
Philippine
University is
located on the
main campus of
the Central
Philippine
Un...
Manila
Metropolitan
Theater
Has a capacity of
846
orchestra, 116 in
loge, and 708 in
balcony. After
reconstruction by
the ...
Manila Metropolitan Theater
Interior of the Theater
Manila Metropolitan Theater
Interior of the Theater
Parish of the
Holy Sacrifice

It is the
landmark Catholic
chapel in
the University of
the Philippines
Diliman.
Parish of the Holy Sacrifice
 Interior of the Church
Antipolo
Church

The old church
was destroyed in
February 1945
when the
Americans bombed
Antipolo as part of
the liberatio...
Antipolo Church
 Interior of the Church

 Image of Our Lady of

Peace and Good Voyage
Bahay Kubo
Mansion
Also called as
Coconut Palace.
A two-storey
bahay kubo
mansion in Ayala
Alabang Village
with only 3
pos...
Bahay Kubo Mansion
Interior of the house
From the Latin word sculptura, from
sculpre, meaning to carve.
It is the branch of the visual arts that operates
in three ...
Materials
 Marble - a kind of stone which is durable.
 Bronze - the most common metal used in

sculpture.
 Wood - cheap...
Materials
Carving
 Carving is a subtractive process; that is, it

involves removing unwanted portions of the raw
materials to revea...
Carving
Modeling
 It is process of manipulating soft materials to

create a three-dimensional form. Unlike
carving, modeling requ...
Modeling
Casting
 It is a method of obtaining the permanence of a

modeled work by making a mold and casting it in a
durable mater...
Casting
Construction and Assemblage
 Emerging in the twentieth-century, the

techniques of assemblage and construction consist
of...
Construction and Assemblage
Relief
 The term relief is from the Latin word

levo, means to raise. Relief is refer to figures
which are attached to a ...
•Bas-relief or low relief
•High Relief
•Sunken Relief
Low
Relief
Or known as
Bas Relief, is a
type of
sculpture that
has less depth
to the faces
and figures
than they
actually ...
High
Relief
Also called
auto-relievo is
a figure that
stand out from
the back that
they are
practically
threedimensional.
Sunken
Relief
The images are
leaving the
background
higher than the
picture.
Free Standing Sculpture
 Also known as sculpture in-the-round, likely

represents the form of sculpture most
recognizable...
Free Standing Sculpture
Kinetic Sculpture
 It is free-standing sculpture that moves, either

by mechanical power or under the power of wind
or wa...
Kinetic Sculpture
Assemblage Sculpture
 A sculpture pieced together from found or

scavenged items that have little or no relationship
to o...
Assemblage Sculpture
Bulul

A carved wooden
figure used to
guard the rice
crop by the Igorot
peoples of
northern Luzon.
Bululs are used in
cere...
Sto. Niño
Holy child in
english.
Claiming to be
the oldest
religious image
in the
Philippines.
1521
Naga

The naga is
used as an
ornament in
the hilt ends of
longswords, loc
ally known as
kampilans.
1560s
Sarimanok
A legendary
bird of the
Maranao people
who originate
from Mindanao.
It is a fowl
with colorful
wings and
feather...
The Triumph
of Death
over Life
Two sculptures
Rizal made for
Dr. Blumentritt.
A beautiful
naked woman
collapsed in the
arm...
The Triumph
of Science
over Death
The statue
depicts a
young, nude
woman with
flowing
hair, standing
on a skull while
bear...
Hagabi

A long wooden
bench made of
a boar or
carabao head
made by
Ifugaos. This is
the status
bench of the
kadangyan or
w...
Allegorical
Harpoon

One of
Napoleon Abueva’s
best abtract
scupture. And one
of the first
creations in hard
wood.
1964
Oblation

Made by
Guillermo
Tolentino. It
depicts a man
facing upward
with arms
outstretched, s
ymbolizing
selfless
offeri...
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
Architecture and Sculpture
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Architecture and Sculpture

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Architecure and Sculpture; and History

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Architecture and Sculpture

  1. 1. From Latin architectura, from architectus, means master-builder. The art and science of designing and constructing buildings, bridges, and other structures to meet our personal and communal needs.
  2. 2. Stone Architecture  It is a building method by which structures are constructed from massive and virtually indestructible stones.
  3. 3. Stone Architecture Stonehenge
  4. 4. Brick Architecture  The buildings are essentially built using bricks.  Brick architecture is found primarily in areas that lack sufficient natural supplies of building stone.
  5. 5. Brick Architecture The Bank of Iwate, Nakanohashi Branch
  6. 6. Wood Architecture  One of the most popular and desirable building materials.
  7. 7. Wood Architecture Upside-down House
  8. 8. Cast Iron Architecture  It is a form of architecture where cast iron plays a central role. It was a prominent style in the Industrial Revolution era when iron was relatively cheap and modern steel had not yet been developed.
  9. 9. Cast Iron Architecture Eiffel Tower
  10. 10. Steel Architecture  Very strong metal with some carbon and other metals. Harder than cast iron and very expensive.
  11. 11. Steel Architecture Burj Khalifa
  12. 12. Concrete Architecture  The most widely used man-made material (measured by tonnage made) in the world.
  13. 13. Concrete Architecture Pantheon
  14. 14. Shell Architecture  Commonly called thin shell concrete structure, is a structure composed of a relatively thin shell of concrete, usually with no interior columns and exterior buttress.
  15. 15. Shell Architecture Oceanografic Valencia
  16. 16. Post-and-Lintel  A beam is placed horizontally across upright posts.
  17. 17. Post-and-Lintel
  18. 18. Post-and-Lintel  A series of columns is called a colonnade.
  19. 19. Arch  Support other structures, such as roofs. They serve as an actual symbolic gateways.
  20. 20. Arch
  21. 21. Arch  A series of arches is called an arcade.
  22. 22. Types of Arches
  23. 23. Vault  An extended arch. It is used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
  24. 24. Vault
  25. 25. Types of Vaults
  26. 26. Truss  Lengths of wood, iron, or steel pieced together in one or more triangular shape.
  27. 27. Truss
  28. 28. Dome  A dome is an element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
  29. 29. Dome
  30. 30. Buttress  It’s an architectural structure built against or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall.
  31. 31. Buttress
  32. 32. Bahay na Bato In this era, the nipa hut or bahay kubo gave way to the Bahay na bato (stone house) and became the typical house of noble Filipinos. 1820s
  33. 33. Intramuros Also called the Walled City of Manila located along the southern bank of the Pasig River. 1590 1872
  34. 34. Fort Santiago (Fuerte de Santiago) is a defense fortress is part of the structures of the walled city of Manila referred to as Intramuros. 1593 (1733)
  35. 35. Paco Park A creational garden area and was once Manila’s municipal cemetery during the Spanish colonial period. 18th century
  36. 36. Paco Park  Chapel of St. Prancatius  Original burial site of Jose Rizal
  37. 37. San Agustin One of the oldest churches in the Philippines The only building left intact after the destruction of Intramuros during the Battle of Manila. 1607
  38. 38. San Agustin  Interior of the Church
  39. 39. Lighthouse Cape Bojeador Lighthouse, (Burgo s Lighthouse) is a cultural heritage structure in Ilocos Norte that was established during the Spanish Colonial period in the Philippines. 1890s
  40. 40. Silliman Hall The oldest standing American structure in the Philippines. Another prominent landmark on the main campus. 1903
  41. 41. Manila Hotel It is a 570room, built in 1909. This historic fivestar hotel is located along Manila Bay in Manila, Philippi nes.
  42. 42. Manila Hotel Interior of the Hotel Rooms of the Hotel
  43. 43. CPU Church The University Church, Central Philippine University is located on the main campus of the Central Philippine University, Jaro District, Iloilo City. 1913
  44. 44. Manila Metropolitan Theater Has a capacity of 846 orchestra, 116 in loge, and 708 in balcony. After reconstruction by the Americans it gradually fell into disuse in the 1960s. 1978
  45. 45. Manila Metropolitan Theater Interior of the Theater
  46. 46. Manila Metropolitan Theater Interior of the Theater
  47. 47. Parish of the Holy Sacrifice It is the landmark Catholic chapel in the University of the Philippines Diliman.
  48. 48. Parish of the Holy Sacrifice  Interior of the Church
  49. 49. Antipolo Church The old church was destroyed in February 1945 when the Americans bombed Antipolo as part of the liberation campaign of Manila. In 1954, a new church was built designed by a Filipino architect.
  50. 50. Antipolo Church  Interior of the Church  Image of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage
  51. 51. Bahay Kubo Mansion Also called as Coconut Palace. A two-storey bahay kubo mansion in Ayala Alabang Village with only 3 posts or "haligi“.
  52. 52. Bahay Kubo Mansion Interior of the house
  53. 53. From the Latin word sculptura, from sculpre, meaning to carve. It is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions. It is the art of shaping figures by carving wood, chiseling stone, welding metal, modeling clay or wax into three dimensional representation such as figures, statues, forms, etc.
  54. 54. Materials  Marble - a kind of stone which is durable.  Bronze - the most common metal used in sculpture.  Wood - cheap, available, and easy to cut.  Ivory - used for small carvings like crosses, chess pieces, and small heads of small statues of saints.  Terra Cotta - a clay fired at comparatively low temperature.
  55. 55. Materials
  56. 56. Carving  Carving is a subtractive process; that is, it involves removing unwanted portions of the raw materials to reveal the form that the artist has visualized. Wood, stone and ivory are materials employed in this process.
  57. 57. Carving
  58. 58. Modeling  It is process of manipulating soft materials to create a three-dimensional form. Unlike carving, modeling requires soft substances that can be easily and rapidly shaped by the sculptor's hands.
  59. 59. Modeling
  60. 60. Casting  It is a method of obtaining the permanence of a modeled work by making a mold and casting it in a durable material such as bronze.
  61. 61. Casting
  62. 62. Construction and Assemblage  Emerging in the twentieth-century, the techniques of assemblage and construction consist of combining and joining various materials to form a three-dimensional object.
  63. 63. Construction and Assemblage
  64. 64. Relief  The term relief is from the Latin word levo, means to raise. Relief is refer to figures which are attached to a background surface. This technique retains the natural contours of the figures, and allows the work to be viewed from many angles without distortion of the figures themselves.
  65. 65. •Bas-relief or low relief •High Relief •Sunken Relief
  66. 66. Low Relief Or known as Bas Relief, is a type of sculpture that has less depth to the faces and figures than they actually have.
  67. 67. High Relief Also called auto-relievo is a figure that stand out from the back that they are practically threedimensional.
  68. 68. Sunken Relief The images are leaving the background higher than the picture.
  69. 69. Free Standing Sculpture  Also known as sculpture in-the-round, likely represents the form of sculpture most recognizable to modern people. It is any work of sculpture which can be viewed from any angle around the pedestal.
  70. 70. Free Standing Sculpture
  71. 71. Kinetic Sculpture  It is free-standing sculpture that moves, either by mechanical power or under the power of wind or water. Fountains are a form of kinetic sculpture, although in that special case the sculpture is not powered by the water but lives within the shapes and forms of the water as it arcs over and through the air.
  72. 72. Kinetic Sculpture
  73. 73. Assemblage Sculpture  A sculpture pieced together from found or scavenged items that have little or no relationship to one another. Contemporary Art Dialogue's website defines assemblage art as "nontraditional sculpture, made from re-combining found objects. Some of these objects are junk from the streets."
  74. 74. Assemblage Sculpture
  75. 75. Bulul A carved wooden figure used to guard the rice crop by the Igorot peoples of northern Luzon. Bululs are used in ceremonies associated with rice production and with healing. 15th century
  76. 76. Sto. Niño Holy child in english. Claiming to be the oldest religious image in the Philippines. 1521
  77. 77. Naga The naga is used as an ornament in the hilt ends of longswords, loc ally known as kampilans. 1560s
  78. 78. Sarimanok A legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao. It is a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. 18th century
  79. 79. The Triumph of Death over Life Two sculptures Rizal made for Dr. Blumentritt. A beautiful naked woman collapsed in the arms of a hooded skeleton. 1890
  80. 80. The Triumph of Science over Death The statue depicts a young, nude woman with flowing hair, standing on a skull while bearing a torch. 1890
  81. 81. Hagabi A long wooden bench made of a boar or carabao head made by Ifugaos. This is the status bench of the kadangyan or wealthy members of society. 19th century
  82. 82. Allegorical Harpoon One of Napoleon Abueva’s best abtract scupture. And one of the first creations in hard wood. 1964
  83. 83. Oblation Made by Guillermo Tolentino. It depicts a man facing upward with arms outstretched, s ymbolizing selfless offering of oneself to his country. 1935

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