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  1. 1. Zubeida Haydar
  2. 2. <ul><li>Witches have always been considered as supernatural beings who practise the dark arts as a means to their own end. They often hold rituals that allow them to control and/or command the supernatural forces. In the past witches were thought to have been in league with the Devil after making a pact that involved the ‘selling of the soul’. Usually the witches sells theirs soul in order to obtain material possessions, wealth, youth or power. </li></ul><ul><li>Witches were identified as either black witches or white witches. While black witches had sold their soul to the Devil white witches often adhered to some form of religion known as paganism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>During the Middle Ages/ Early Modern period many midwives were accused of being witches as due to the number of child deaths as it was thought that killing children was a part of the pact they made with the Devil. As a fear of witches grew in Europe there were many witch hunts that led to many innocent people being killed and imprisoned. Between the years 1480 to 1750 there were many witch hunts that led to 40,000 to 60,000 being imprisoned and executed. Once someone was accused of witch-craft the prosecutor would search for any partners or associates. Up to this day there are many witch hunts being carried out in sub-Saharan African and South Africa. People can still be accused of witch craft in Saudi Arabia and Cameroon to this day. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In Hebrew mythology Lilith, Adams first wife, was thought to have been amongst the first female demons. She was thought to be Adams equal as she was made by God out of the same clay he used to make Adam. </li></ul><ul><li>After fighting with Adam, Lilith refused to return to the Garden of Eden and mated with archangel Samael. During the Middle Ages it was widely believed that Lilith, a powerful female demon, had become queen to Asmodeus, king of demons thus producing diabolical Djins. </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle ages one of the many stories about Lilith was that she had daughters called lilim who haunted men and where thought to be similar beings to the succubus </li></ul>