Tigers occupy the pinnacle of the food chain and ahealthy tiger population is an indicator of the wellbeing of the whole forest. Throughout evolution,predators have had a regulatory influence on thepopulation sizes of other species; it is thanks tocarnivores, such as tigers, that the number of herbivoresis kept in check. In turn, the populations can thereforeonly fluctuate between certain limits because of this"feedback mechanism
A tigers roar can be heard as far as two miles (threekilometers) away.Tigers weigh from 240 to 500 pounds (109 to 227kilograms); males are larger than females.
Species at the top of the food chain aregenerally larger and require more spacethan other animals, particularly if theyare territorial . Conserving such species inthe wild protects the habitat of manyother animals, as well as safeguarding theessential ecological processes such aswater and nutrient cycling. Thus the tigeras the guardian of many other creatures.Species at the top of the food chain aregenerally larger and require more spacethan other animals, particularly if theyare territorial . Conserving such species inthe wild protects the habitat of manyother animals, as well as safeguarding theessential ecological processes such aswater and nutrient cycling. Thus the tigeras the guardian of many other creatures.
The time is now to save these magnificent cats, before they vanish from theearth forever. There is little time left to preserve these animals, immediateaction is required. The latest predictions state that tigers will be extinct inthe wild by the year 2015. That is less than 12 short years from now. That’sless then 14 years to save a creature that has been around far longer thenourselves. I cannot imagine, nor would I wish to live in a world without tigers... without these magnificent creatures in our forests living free – withoutcaptive populations carrying on the gene pool. The power and beauty ofthese animals is indisputable.Tigers are an integral part of the ecosystem, and a major link in the foodchain. Tigers have been bestowed magical and supernatural properties bymany societies, and have also been revered as gods. All living creatures ofmother earth depend on one another for survival. We as human beings arebrothers and sisters to every living being, from the plants to the animals toeach other.
Easily recognized by its coat of reddish-orange with dark stripes, the tiger is thelargest wild cat in the world. The big catweighs up to 720 pounds (363 kilograms),stretches 6 feet (2 meters) long, and has a3-foot- (1-meter-) long tail. The powerfulpredator generally hunts alone, able tobring down prey such as deer andantelope.
Tigers have been known to eat up to 60pounds (27 kilograms) of meat in onenight, but more often they consume about12 pounds (5 kilograms) during a meal. Itmay take days for a tiger to finish eatingits kill. The cat eats until its full, andthen covers the carcass with leaves anddirt. When its hungry again, the tigercomes back to feed some more, until themeat is gone.
The whole species is endangeredthroughout its range. Tigers have beenoverhunted for their fur as well as forother body parts that many people usein traditional medicines. Tigers habitathas also dwindled seriously as humanshave developed land for uses such asfarming and logging.
FAST FACTSThe scientific name for thetiger is Panthera tigris.There are five subspeciesof tiger: Bengal, SouthChina, Indochinese,Sumatran, and Siberian.Three subspecies of tiger—Caspian, Bali, and Javan—are extinct.
Tigers that live in coldnorthern areas are usuallybigger and heavier than thosethat live in tropical habitats.No two tigers have exactly thesame pattern of stripes.A tiger retracts its claws as itwalks, leaving no claw marksin its tracks.
Type:MammalDiet:CarnivoreAverage life span in the wild:8 to 10 yearsSize:Head and body, 5 to 6 ft (1.5 to 1.8 m); tail, 2 to 3 ft (0.6 to 0.9 m)Weight:240 to 500 lbs (109 to 227 kg)Protection status:EndangeredDid you know?A tigers roar can be heard as far as 2 mi (3 km) away.Size relative to a 6-ft (2-m) man: