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Presentation on syllable_stress1


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syllable stress

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Presentation on syllable_stress1

  1. 1. Syllable A syllable is a complete unit of sound within a word with vowel/consonant on either side of it. A syllable should have a vowel sound and can do without consonant. Example: Intonation : In - to - na - tion 1 st syllable 2 nd syllable 3 rd syllable 4 th syllable
  2. 2. Rules for syllable stress
  3. 3. There are seven basic rules for syllable stress.
  4. 4. Rule one <ul><li>If a word ends with ‘tion’ stress the syllable </li></ul><ul><li>before ‘tion’. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: stressed syllable </li></ul><ul><li>Communication: </li></ul>comm-u-ni- ca -tion
  5. 5. Rule Two <ul><li>If a word ends with ‘graphy’ stress the syllable before ‘graphy’. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: stressed syllable </li></ul><ul><li>photography: pho – to – gra - phy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rule Three <ul><li>Shifting of stress: </li></ul><ul><li>Noun Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Pro -ject Pro- ject </li></ul><ul><li>Pro -duct Pro- duct </li></ul><ul><li>Pro -cess Pro- cess </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rule Four <ul><li>If a new word is constructed by adding a prefix, stress the first syllable. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: stressed syllable </li></ul><ul><li>Relocate: re - lo- cate </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rule Five <ul><li>If the word ends with ‘ic’ ‘sion’ ‘ical’, stress the syllable before ‘ic’ ‘sion’ ‘ical’ </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Tension: ten -sion </li></ul><ul><li>Practical: prac -ti-cal </li></ul><ul><li>Panic: pa -nic </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rule Six <ul><li>Stress the third syllable from the end when word a ends with ‘cy’ ‘ty’ ‘phy’ ‘gy’ ‘al’ </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy: de- mo - cra- cy </li></ul><ul><li>Photography: pho- to -gra-phy </li></ul><ul><li>Geology: ge- ol -o-gy </li></ul><ul><li>Geological: geo- lo -gi-cal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rule Seven <ul><li>Change of sound: </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective Verb </li></ul><ul><li>advo cate advo cate </li></ul><ul><li>(cate) (cit) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank You