Introduction of IT Act
Objective of IT Act 2000
Cyber Crimes Provisions under IT Act 2000
Amendment of IT Act
IT covers both hardware and software
Transformed the world into a global village
Provides Communication and Analytical power
Indian IT industry fastest growing industry
Pioneer in software development
Tremendous growth in Internet
Introduction Of IT Act
The United Nations General Assembly have adopted the
Model Law on electronic commerce on 30 January,1997.
It is referred as the UNCITRAL Model Law on E-
Enacted on 17 May, 2000- India is the 12th Nation in the
world to adopt Cyber Laws.
India passed the Information Technology Act, 2000 on
17th October, 2000.
Information Technology Act 2000 consisted of 94
sections segregated into 13 chapters.
Objective Of IT Act
To provide Legal recognition for transaction
To facilitate electronic filing of documents
To facilitate electronic storage of data
To facilitate and give legal sanction to electronic fund
transfer between banks and financial institution
Refers to all criminal activities done using the medium
of computers, the Internet, and the world wide web.
The Indian Law has not given any definition to the term
The Indian Penal Code does not use the term „cyber
crime‟ at any point even after its amendment.
But “Cyber Security” is defined under Section (2) (b)
means of protecting information or security purpose.
Types of Cyber Crime
• Cheating &
n of obscene
• Possession of
Non Reporting -causes of Cyber crime
60% feared negative publicity
23% did not know police
equipped to handle cyber crimes
9% feared further cyber attacks
8% had no awareness of cyber
DATA THEFT 33%
E-MAIL ABUSE 21%
IT (Amendment) Act, 2008
Amended on 27th October, 2009.
Amended act is known as The Information Technology Amended Act-
Established a strong data protection regime in India.
Creates a more predictive legal environment for the growth of e-
commerce that includes data protection and cyber crimes measures.
A strong data protection regime also requires that cyber crimes such as
identity theft, phishing, data leakage, cyber terrorism, child
pornography etc. be covered to ensure data security and data privacy.
Example: Digital Signature introduced in ITAA as Electronic
Cyber Crime Provision under IT Act,
• Tampering with Computer Source Documents
• Hacking with Computer system & data
• Publishing obscene Information
• Un-Authorized access to Protected System
• Breach of Confidentiality & Privacy
• Publishing false Digital Signature Certificates
A Dubai based NRI was lured by anonymous women on internet who after
winning his confidence and love started blackmailing him under the guise that
the first women with whom the NRI got befriended had committed suicide and
police is investigating the case and seeking NRI‟s details. The accused also
sent fake copies of the letters from CBI, High Court of Calcutta, New York
police and Punjab Police etc. The NRI by that time had paid about Rs. 1.25
corer to the accused.
Investigation: By Mumbai Police
Thankfully, the NRI has saved all the emails which he has so far received
from the strangers he has been communicating with. The I.P. Address
embedded in all e-mails received by complainant reveals the origin of the
emails. The man assuming these various identities is a single person.
Charges framed u/s 292, 389, 420, 465, 467, 468, 469, 471, 474 IPC read with
Section 67 of IT Act.
24-year-old Nadeem Hamid Kashmiri employee of HSBC
BPO allegedly accessed personal information, security
information and debit card information of some customers
and these details were passed on to the fraudsters who
diverted £233,000 (approx. Rs. 2 cores) from the clients'
A case has been registered under Sections 66 and 72 of the IT
Act and 408, 468 and 420 of the Indian Penal Code.
Osama Bin Laden was on American
FBI‟s list at 10th Most Wanted.
U.S attack on Late Osama Bin Laden
on 2 May, 2011
U.S. Official hacked Pakistan webs.
Hacker Hacks into Financial website
The hacker Kalpesh (name changed) hacked Financial
Kalpesh has done courses like CCNA, MCSE, etc & he
is computer addict.
The Mumbai police arrested him.
Case registered against Hacker under section-67.