Top Ten Leaders - During Last Decade


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There are only a chosen few who rise above the rest to lead mankind. Some meet history with favorable review while others meet with infamy. This presentation highlights the most remarkable leaders of last decade. Introducing both who influenced us with their remarkable innovations or those who supposed to be a trend setter in the field of Management Sciences, and changed the course of history forever. Leaders include Steve Jobs, Dr. John Martin, A. G. Lafley, Jeff Immelt, Mahatir Mohamad, Mukesh Ambani, Lee Kun-hee, Carlos Slim, Jimmy Wales, and Jeff Bezos.

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Top Ten Leaders - During Last Decade

  1. 1. Principles of ManagementTop Ten Leaders of the WorldDuring Last Decade
  2. 2. Group Members Khurram Syed Junaid M. Umer Shakeel Ali Siddiqui 4 Hammad Anwar 5 M. Usman Farooq
  3. 3. Leadership Introduction Origin, importance, and types
  4. 4. Leadership Introduction Originated from the word “laden” back in 1300s, while the term leadership followed some five centuries later. Study of leadership is multidisciplinary with contributions from social sciences. Perception that is both current and timeless, in one form or another. The process has been central to human interactions since the dawn of society. Influenced socially which means leaving a mark. Initiating and guiding, and the result is transformation.
  5. 5. a) Teachers: Rule breakers and value creators b) Heroes: Responsible for great causes and noble works c) Rulers: Motivate principally to dominate others Teachers Heroes RulersTypes of Leaders Muhammad (PBUH) Edison Alexander Buddha Newton Akbar Jesus Einstein Hitler Aristotle da Vinci Napoleon Socrates Shakespeare Jinnah
  6. 6. Steven P. JobsApple/Pixar1955-2011United StatesInformation TechnologyTechnologist with the heart of an artist
  7. 7. Recognition» Co-founder of Apple, occurred in 1970’s along with Steve Wozniak» Originate NeXT, a computer platform development company in 1985» Acquired the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm in 1986, which spun off as Pixar Animation Studios» Returned to his original company after Apple acquired NeXT in 1996» Served as a Director of Walt Disney Co. from May 2006 till his last» Named one of the Time Magazines top 25 most influential people» In 2009, named as CEO of the decade by Fortune Magazine» The Financial Times named him the person of the year for 2010
  8. 8. Apple - Rise and Fall» Founded in 1976, through selling Apple I personal computer kit» Year later, Apple II series introduced, led to Apple Lisa in 1983» In 1984, Apple Macintosh was born with GUI, 128K Expandable Memory, and Pointing device» In 1985, a tiff occurred amongst Jobs and CEO John Scully, leads to Job’s resignation and formation of NeXT Inc. the same year» Afterwards, Apple’s sales and shine began to wear off and stock prices continued to slide downwards» In 1997, Apple was veering dangerously close to bankruptcy
  9. 9. NeXT - A New Venture» Founded in 1985, with the intention of providing powerful computers for higher education, and business» Introduced the first NeXT Computer in 1988, and the smaller NeXT Station in 1990» That machine was a commercial washout but helped with future work in object-oriented programming» In 1993, launch OPENSTEP, its implementation for several OEMs» Also developed WebObjects, one of the first enterprise web application frameworks
  10. 10. Pixar - A Master Stroke» Bought in 1986 from George Lucas and reformed it as Pixar» Got three film contract from Disney and created first computer animated film, Toy Story in 1995» Produced thirteen feature films amongst twelve of the films have received both critical and financial success» Studio has earned 26 Academy Awards, seven Golden Globe Awards, and three Grammy Awards» None of the Pixar film has ever NOT been a top ten grossing film in the year it was released
  11. 11. Pixar - The Money Machine
  12. 12. Apple - Return to Profitability» In 1996, Apples acquisition of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company which was then close to bankruptcy» Immediately Jobs made his impact felt by introducing the iMac, and two video editing software named iMovie and Final Cut Pro» In 2002 the company launched the iPod, and sparked the commence of iTunes Store» Followed that up with two more hits, the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010» Nearly 15 years later, stock prices have gone from $6 to $350
  13. 13. Extraordinary Man by Standards» Since returning to Apple, everything Jobs touch seems to turn to gold» In 2006, Pixar’s sales to Disney for $ 7.4 billion increased his power and left him the biggest shareholder» For all his success, health is one area of his life that has been unable to control, thereby in 2011, Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple» Leaving behind a legacy that changed the computer, music, film and wireless industries» Visionary, an entrepreneur, a savvy advertising client, and from what everyone who knew him has said, a good friend
  14. 14. John C. Martin, PhDGilead Sciences1951-PresentUnited StatesHealth CareAdvancing Therapeutics, Improving Lives
  15. 15. Preface - Gilead Sciences» Founded in 1987, company has operations in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia Pacific» Research-based biopharmaceutical company that discovers, develops and commercializes medicines» Primary areas of focus include HIV/AIDS, liver diseases, cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and respiratory conditions» Portfolio of 14 marketed products including the only complete treatment regimens for HIV infection available - as well as the first agent, to be approved for HIV prevention in uninfected adults» Member of the NASDAQ Biotechnology Index and the S&P 500
  16. 16. Accomplishments» 1984-1990, employed at Bristol-Myers Squibb, a pharmaceutical company, as a Director of Antiviral Chemistry» Employed at Syntex Corporation, a pharmaceutical company, from 1978 to 1984 where co-invented ganciclovir» President and CEO of Gilead Sciences Inc. from 1996-2008 prior joining in 1990 as Vice President for R&D followed by COO in 1995» Chairman of the Board of Gilead Sciences Inc., since May 2008» Honored by the American Chemical Society and the International Society for Antiviral Research
  17. 17. Recognition» Holds a PhD in Organic Chemistry from the University of Chicago and MBA in Marketing from Golden Gate University» Affiliate with the Board of Directors of the California Healthcare Institute and Gen-Probe Inc.» Member of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS from 2006-2009» Served as President of the International Society for Antiviral Research since 1998-2000» Served on the Centers for Disease Control and Services Administrations Advisory Committee» Presently ON Board Member of the Biotechnology Industry Organization
  18. 18. Assessment and Growth» Dr. Martin as been the brains behind one of the fastest-growing drug stocks on Wall Street since taking over in 1996 - about 2,700% in those 15 years» Like Jobs, he soaked up the technical knowledge necessary to lead such a highly cerebral company and understood how to take calculated risks and use capital responsibly to grow and squeeze out competitors» After riding high due to successful antiviral medications, in 2006 made quality acquisitions to enter into the profitable cardiovascular and respiratory markets» Currently in Phase III testing for four HIV/AIDS treatments, with one more in Phase I trials and four additional medications in pre-clinical runs
  19. 19. Product Approvals Timeline» Scientific breakthrough is almost always the product of collaboration and Gilead places high value on partnering with companies and organizations whose strengths complement and augment our own
  20. 20. Mergers and AcquisitionsYear Company Price1999 Nexstar Pharmaceuticals $550 million2003 Triangle Pharmaceuticals $464 million2006 Corus Pharma, Inc. $365 million2006 Myogen, Inc. $2.5 billion2006 Raylo Chemicals, Inc $148 million2007 Nycomed fr. Altana - Cork $47 million2009 CV Therapeutics, Inc. $1.4 billion2010 CGI Pharmaceuticals $120 million2010 Arresto Biosciences, Inc. $225 million2011 Calistoga Pharmaceuticals $375 million2012 Pharmasset, Inc $10.4 billion
  21. 21. Alan George LafleyProcter & Gamble1947-PresentUnited StatesConsumer GoodsMost highly regarded CEO in P&G’s history
  22. 22. Introduction» Former Chairman of the Board, President, and Chief Executive Officer of Procter & Gamble; Retired in 2010» Credited with making P&G as a more consumer-driven and externally focused company and with shaping a far more diverse, open, curious and courageous, connected and collaborative culture in which "innovation is everyone’s job"
  23. 23. Education» Graduated from Fenwick High School in Oak Park, Illinois, and earned an A.B. from Hamilton College in 1969» In 1970, after beginning a doctoral program at the University of Virginia, took a commission with the U.S. Navy as a supply officer during the Vietnam War» Afterwards, studied at Harvard Business School, receiving his MBA in 1977
  24. 24. Achievements» Joined P&G upon his graduation, where he worked until his retirement» With Lafley leading the company for most of the 2000s, P&G more than doubled sales since the beginning of the decade» The company’s portfolio of billion-dollar brands grew from 10 to 24 and the number of brands with sales between $500 million and $1 billion increased five-fold with Lafley at P&G’s helm» Further, during Lafley’s tenure, the Company’s market capitalization more than doubled, making P&G one of the five most valuable companies in the U.S. and among the 10 most valuable companies in the world
  25. 25. Management Style» Since taking charge in 2000, when P&G was sinking under the weight of too many new products and organizational changes, Lafley has refocused on consumers and rejuvenated core businesses» Reaffirmed P&Gs Purpose and Values and refocused the Company on the few choices necessary to get the business back on track: growing its leading categories and brands with its largest retail customers in its top geographic markets while accelerating growth in health, beauty and personal care and in fast-growing sectors When discussing what made P&G successful, Lafley once said they had a clear strategy, and were prepared to put all of their resources, people and money behind it. He was in charge of selecting his leadership team and looked for people with courage and a willingness to change
  26. 26. Hunt for Innovation“Innovation isn’t always easy to come by. You have to be willing to ask for help and letpartners in business know that you are innovating. Even if your business is a knownleader in innovation, you have to let it be known that you are looking for assistancewith new innovations.”» Keeping this in mind a platform established in P&G by Lafley where former and current P&Ger’s connected to each other» Connect on business ideas, they connect on entrepreneurial ideas and they connect on innovation and through that gets a lot of leads from former P&Ger’s, colleagues of former P&Ger’s, and friends of former P&Ger’s» Utilizes their websites to gain ideas. You have to use all your resources if you want to find the best innovations and ideas. To find or develop products or services that will become true game-changers, you have to be able to get different view points on that innovation
  27. 27. Innovate for the Consumer» P&G innovations have become so successful and a part of people’s daily lives because the company innovates its brands with the customer in mind 100 percent of the time» Not only does P&G innovate with the customer in mind, but it strives to understand its customer base for new products» Innovating products that customers can’t live without doesn’t come without trial and error. You have to be willing to fail and work until you get a product that consumers want» Encouraged fast failure and preferred cheap failure» Due to continuously strive for innovation they bought Gillete in 2005 to help grow the company
  28. 28. Find what customers want» Careful planning in terms of financial, human resources, , in partner investment and acquisition investment for creating the future» To build upon your innovation, you have to know what consumers are looking for and what you can do to give them what they want. You have to know what products are and aren’t the right fit for your business» Focuses on building a product that delivers better value and a better experience in performance value
  29. 29. Credentials» 1977 - Brand Assistant» 1978 - Sales Training, Denver Sales District» 1978 - Assistant Brand Manager, Tide» 1980 - Brand Manager, Dawn & Ivory Snow» 1981 - Brand Manager, Special Assignment & Ivory Snow» 1982 - Brand Manager, Cheer» 1983 - Associate Advertising Manager, PS&D Division» 1986 - Advertising Manager, PS&D Division» 1988 - General Manager, Laundry Products, PS&D Division» 1991 - Vice President-Laundry and Cleaning Products, Procter & Gamble USA» 1992 - Group Vice President, The Procter & Gamble Company, and President Laundry and Cleaning Products, Procter & Gamble USA» 1994 - Group Vice President, The Procter & Gamble Company, and President-Procter & Gamble Far East» 1995 - Executive Vice President, The Procter & Gamble Company, (President-Asia, Procter & Gamble Asia)» 1998 - Executive Vice President, The Procter & Gamble Company, (President-North America)» 1999 - President-Global Beauty Care and North America» 2000 - President and Chief Executive» 2002 - Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive» 2007 - Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
  30. 30. Activities» Member, Board of Directors, General Electric Company» Member, Board of Directors, General Electric Company» Member, Board of Directors, Dell, Inc.» Member, American Society of Corporate Executives» Member, The Business Council» Member, The Business Roundtable» Member, Board of Directors, Grocery Manufacturers of America» Member, Board of Directors, United Negro College Fund» Member, Board of Trustees, Hamilton College» Member, Harvard Business School Board of Dean’s Advisors» Member, The Lauder Institute Board of Governors (Wharton School of Arts & Sciences)» Member, McKinsey Advisory Council» Member, Board of Trustees, U.S. Council for International Business» Chairman, Cincinnati Center City Development Corporation (3CDC)» Past Member, Board of Trustees, Xavier University» Past Member, Board of Directors, General Motors Corporation» Past Member, American Chamber of Commerce in Japan» Past Member, G100 (formerly The M&A Group)» Past Member, Board of Trustees, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra» Past Member, Board of Trustees, The Seven Hills School» Past Member, Board of Trustees, Medical Center Fund of Cincinnati» Past Member, Board of Trustees, Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park» Past Member, Board of Trustees, Cincinnati Fine Arts Fund
  31. 31. Recognition and Thought-Leadership» A.G. is broadly recognized for his business leadership» Awarded "CEO of the Year 2006" by Chief Executive Magazine and the Peter G. Peterson Award for Business Statesmanship presented by the CED in 2009» In 2010, received the Edison Achievement Award, in recognition of his contributions to innovation, marketing, and human-centered design» Recognized with the 2010 Hall of Achievement Award, the highest honor given by the Grocery Manufacturers Association» In 2011, awarded the Warren Bennis Award for Leadership Excellence» In 2008, Lafley and Ram Charan published The Game Changer, an operating managers guide to turning innovation into strategic advantage. Business Week selected The Game Changer as one of the years Top Ten Business Books
  32. 32. Jeffrey R. ImmeltGeneral Electric1956-PresentUnited StatesMultinational ConglomerateThe head of US President’s Jobs Council
  33. 33. Recognition» Chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the US based conglomerate General Electric» Chairperson of the President’s Council on Jobs and Competitiveness which President Barack Obama created on February 6, 2009» Earned a B.A. degree in Applied Mathematics from Dartmouth College in 1978» Got MBA from Harvard Business School in 1982» Since then associated with GE till today
  34. 34. Achievements» Held several global leadership positions since coming to GE in 1982 including roles in GEs Plastics, Appliance, and Healthcare businesses» In 1989, became an officer of GE and joined the Capital Board in 1997» In 2000, Mr. Immelt was appointed as President and CEO» GEs chief executive is powerful for many reasons, but heres one thats often overlooked: the companys AAA credit rating» Only six US industrial corporations hold that credential, and it gives GE a huge competitive advantage in the finance-related businesses that bring in most of its profit
  35. 35. Achievements» Due to which company sell its big-ticket products - jet engines, industrial turbines, CT scanners, locomotives, and so forth - by offering financing that competitors cant beat» Add a century of experience in developing the worlds best managers and management practices, and GE becomes a very tough organization to catch up with or oppose» Mr. Immelt has been named one of the Worlds Best CEO three times by Barrons, and since he began serving as chief executive officer, GE has been named Americas Most Admired Company in a poll conducted by Fortune magazine and one of The Worlds Most Respected Companies in polls by Barrons and the Financial Times
  36. 36. Management Approach» Personal Responsibility: Enron and 9/11 marked the end of an era of individual freedom and the beginning of personal responsibility. Lead today by building teams and placing others first. It’s not about yourself.» Simplify Constantly: Every leader needs to clearly explain the top three things the organization is working on. If they cant, then theyre not leading well.» Understand Breadth, Depth, and Context: How your company fits in with the world and how they respond to it.» Importance of alignment and time management: There is no real magic to being a good leader. But at the end of every week, one should have to spend time around the things that are really important: setting priorities, measuring outcomes, and rewarding them.
  37. 37. Management Approach» Leaders learn constantly and also have to learn how to teach: A leaders primary role is to teach. People who work with one dont have to agree with, but they have to feel theyre willing to share what theyve learned.» Stay true to your own style: Leadership is an intense journey into yourself. They can use their own style to get anything done. Its about being self-aware. Every morning look in the mirror and say, I could have done three things better yesterday.» Manage by setting boundaries with freedom in the middle: The boundaries are commitment, passion, trust, and teamwork. Within those guidelines, theres plenty of freedom. But no one can cross those four boundaries.» Leave a few things unsaid: Might know an answer, but often let the team find its own way. Sometimes, being an active listener is much more effective than ending a meeting with me enumerating 17 actions.
  38. 38. Credentials» Director, Chairman, and CEO of General Electric Company» Director NBC Universal Media, LLC» Chairman of the Board and CEO General Electric Capital Services Inc.» Director Robin Hood Foundation» Trustee Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation Inc.» Director Catalyst Inc.» Chairman GE India Services Holding Limited» Executive Chairman, CEO and Member of Public Responsibilities Committee General Electric Company (2000-Present)» Director, Member of Management and Budget Committee The Federal Reserve Bank of New York (2006-2011)» Trustee Dartmouth College (2008-Present)
  39. 39. Mahatir MohamadPolitician1925-PresentMalaysiaUnited Malays National OrganizationLongest-Serving Elected Leader
  40. 40. Recognition» Malaysian politician who was the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia» Held the post for 22 years from 1981 to 2003, making him Malaysias longest serving Prime Minister» Political career spanned almost 40 years» 21st Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement» Got MBBS from King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore» Founder of Look East Policy
  41. 41. Era of Reforms First Phase: 1981-1985» Utilized greater state intervention to promote heavy industrialization and domestic imitations of Japanese sogososhas (Trading companies)» Imposed an austerity drive that reduced government spending and placed state-owned enterprises under closer scrutiny
  42. 42. Era of Reforms Second Phase: 1986-1997» Reduced business regulation for inter-ethnic redistribution purposes» Significantly encouraged higher value-added export-oriented industries, skill development, and technology up-grading
  43. 43. Era of Reforms Third Phase: 1998-2003» Refused to take IMF bail-out package and bounced-back quicker than others» Conceptualized VISION 2020 further, where by the year 2020 Malaysia is expected to be fully developed country
  44. 44. Achievements» Per capita income increased 8 times during his tenure» Turned a big slum into 18th biggest exporting country» Single-handedly transformed, modernized, industrialized, and strengthened the national economy» Enable country to face the future by establishing the Multimedia Super Corridor» Fastest recovery from 1997 Asian Crisis in defiance of IMF» Banking system embarked on the extensive use of modern information technology
  45. 45. Infrastructure Development» Announced the National Car Project, which is one of the many important developments as Malaysians forges ahead» Made Malaysia less depending on neighboring country’s port by constructed own major ports like Tanjung Pelepas and West Port» The North-South Highway, which has cut transport times in half on the west coast of Malaysia» The Multimedia Super Corridor, a flagship project based on Silicon Valley designed to enable Malaysias foray into information technology» Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), and an adjacent Formula One Circuit» The Petronas Twin Towers, that have become representative of modern Malaysia
  46. 46. Management Approach» Lack of inhibition in speaking his mind - even when his opinions go against the tide of conventional thinking» Clean, Efficient and Trustworthy guidelines» Accepted responsibility of his actions» Instilling Islamic Values in Administration Policy
  47. 47. Mukesh D. AmbaniReliance Industries1957-PresentIndiaEnergyIndia’s most famous private citizen
  48. 48. Recognition» Indian business magnate who is the chairman and managing director of the conglomerate Reliance Industries Limited» The company was ranked 99th in Fortune Global 500 and is Indias most valuable company by market value» In 2010, named among the most powerful people in the world by Forbes in its list of 68 people who matter most» Member of the board of directors of Bank of America Corporation» Present member of the international advisory board of the Council on Foreign Relations
  49. 49. Credentials» Chairman, Managing Director, Chairman of Finance Committee and Member of Employees Stock Compensation Committee, Reliance Industries Limited» Former Chairman, Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited» Former Vice Chairman, Reliance Petroleum» Chairman of the Board, Reliance Petroleum» Chairman and Chairman of Audit Committee, Reliance Retail Limited» Chairman, Reliance Exploration and Production DMCC» Director, Member of Credit Committee and Member of Compensation & Benefits Committee, Bank of America Corporation Ranked 5th best performing CEO in the world by Harvard Business Review in its ranking of top 50 global CEOs
  50. 50. Achievements» Joined Reliance in 1981 and initiated Reliances backward integration journey from textiles into polyester fibers and further into petrochemicals, petroleum refining and going up-stream into oil and gas exploration and production» Set up one of the largest and most complex information and communications technology initiatives in the world in the form of Reliance Infocomm Limited (now Reliance Communications Limited)» Led the creation of the world’s largest grassroots petroleum refinery at Jamnagar, with a current capacity of 660,000 barrels per day (33 million tonnes per year) integrated with petrochemicals, power generation, port and related infrastructure.
  51. 51. Management Approach» Loves challenging situations» Created an open environment so that everybody is on the corresponding platform» Infectious impatience helps him succeed
  52. 52. Lee Kun-heeSamsung Electronics1942-PresentSouth KoreaElectronics and Information TechnologyA digital leader and an avid sportsman
  53. 53. Recognition» Born in 1942, Chairman of Samsung Electronics» Degree in Economics from Waseda University, Tokyo and attended an MBA course at George Washington University, United States» In 1996, became a member of the International Olympic Committee» Involved in the successful third attempt to bring the 2018 Winter Olympics to Pyeongchang» Ranked among the Forbes richest people in the world
  54. 54. Issues and Concern» Samsung Group was overly focused on producing massive quantities of low-quality goods and that it was not prepared to compete in quality» Faced were how to provide the momentum leap from the developing country model to the advanced country stage model» Got accused in 2008, that Samsung is responsible for a slush fund used to bribe influential prosecutors, judges, and political figures» Resigned in 2008, and returned in 2010 as a chairman
  55. 55. Foremost Steps» As early in 1973, started Semi Conductor Industry, sent there company engineers to USA to work in semi conductor technology.» Surprised the world by announcing the development of 64K bit RAM and within 10 months Samsung were able to produce 256K bit RAM» In 1993, Lee presided over the technological advancement staff meeting for Samsung electronics and where he decided that now our company slogan is Quality is our Pride.» Due to huge diversity in product line, Lee famously said that Change everything except your wife and kids.
  56. 56. Management Approach Comply with laws and ethical Maintain a standards Respect clean customers, organizational share-holders culture and employees Care for the Socially environment, Business responsible health and Principles corporate safety citizen
  57. 57. Success and Awards» In 2004, received the Legion of Honour from French Government» In 2006, received the James A. Van Fleet Award from the Korea Society
  58. 58. Carlos Slim HelúTelemax1940-PresentMexicoCommunication and TechnologyWorld’s Wealthiest Person
  59. 59. Recognition» Mexican business magnate and philanthropist who is ranked as the richest person in the world since 2010» Chairman and Chief Executive of telecommunications companies Telmex and América Móvil» Vice-President of the Mexican Stock Exchange and President of the Mexican Association of Brokerage Houses» First president of the Latin-American Committee of the New York Stock Exchange Administration Council, from 1996 through 1998
  60. 60. Mexico - Financial Crises» In 1982 the Mexican economy, which had substantially relied on oil exports, contracted rapidly as the price of oil fell and interest rates rose worldwide» Due to the bad situation of economy, all government sector were ruined and begins to privatize there industries» In those industries Mexican telecommunication sector is also goes down» At that time, Slim acted in show with France Télécom and Southwestern Bell Corporation in order to buy landline telephony company Telemex from the Mexican government
  61. 61. Foremost Steps» In 1990, Telmex was bought by a group of investors formed principally by Carlos Slim Helú, France Télécom, and Southwestern Bell Corporation» At that time Telemex loses its 90% shares and provides only landline facilities» By seek of new technology, Slim visits different telecom companies in USA and France» Telmex began investing in new modern infrastructure, creating a nationwide fiber optic network, thus offering service to most of the country
  62. 62. Highlights - Cellphone Mobile Unit» In the 1990s mobile telephones were becoming popular among the general population. The early market leader was Iusacell, and Telmex had no presence in the market» This prompted Telmex to form a subsidiary to provide mobile communications which was found Radio Móvil Dipsa, and offered service under the brand Telcel» Telcel started out in a distant second place in its mobile market and began to offer the first prepaid mobile phone plans, and its success ultimately provided Telcel the growth needed to become the leader in the mobile market within two years
  63. 63. Highlights - Internet» In the mid-1990s Telmex began providing Internet access as an Internet Service Provider with the brand Uninet. Year later, the brand was changed to Telmex Internet Directo Personal (Telmex Direct Personal Internet)» In 1996, Telmex bought Prodigy Communications and took the brand to Mexico, renaming the service Prodigy Internet de Telmex» As of 2005, Telmex holds more than 80% of the market as ISP, and is also the leader in broadband access with its brand Prodigy Infinitum (ADSL)
  64. 64. Awards» Slim has been awarded the Entrepreneurial Merit Medal of Honor from Mexicos Chamber of Commerce» Gold Patron of the American Academy of Achievement, a Commander in the Belgian Order of Leopold II» CEO of the year in 2003 by Latin Trade Magazine, and one year later CEO of the decade by the same magazine» In 2008 his philanthropy was recognized with the award of The National Order of the Cedar by the Lebanese government» In 2012 Slim was awarded an honorary degree from The George Washington University
  65. 65. Jimmy D. WalesWikipedia1966-PresentUnited StatesInternet EntrepreneurFree Knowledge for Free Minds
  66. 66. Recognition» Co-Founder, Wikipedia» American Internet Entrepreneur and Wiki Pioneer» Wikipedia: Largest and Most Popular General Reference work on the Internet» One of Time Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People of 2006» Listed by the World Economic Forum as one of the Young Global Leaders of 2007
  67. 67. Introduction» Received his bachelor’s degree in finance from Auburn University and started with the Ph.D. finance program at the University of Alabama, where left with a Master’s.» After that, took courses offered in the Ph.D. finance program at Indiana University.» Taught at both universities during his postgraduate studies, but left before completing a PhD in order to take a job in finance and later worked as the research director of a Chicago futures and options firm.» On January 15, 2001, with Larry Sanger and others, Wales launched Wikipedia.
  68. 68. Wikipedia» Wales outlined his vision for Wikipedia: "Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That’s what were doing."» It has no editors, no fact checkers and anyone can contribute an entry - or delete one. It should have been a recipe for disaster, but instead Wikipedia became one of the internets most inspiring success stories.» The number of readers of Wikipedia worldwide reached 365 million at the end of 2009.» As of May 2012, Wikipedia is the sixth-most-popular website worldwide.
  69. 69. Comparison» At the time Wikipedia it was celebrating the publishing of its one millionth entry in less than four years, the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography launched its latest edition which took12 years to complete, yet contained a comparatively small 55,000 biographies.» The aforementioned dictionary cost some £25m to create. Wikipedia has so far been bankrolled by Wales, but the total cost so far is still around £300,000.» The English Wikipedia alone has over 2.5 billion words, over 50 times as many as the next largest English-language encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Britannica.
  70. 70. Perceived Shortcoming» Many critics have tried to downplay its role as a source of valid information and have often pointed to the Encyclopedia Britannica as an example of an accurate reference.» Nature (online science news source) chose articles from both sites in a wide range of topics and sent them to "relevant" field experts for peer review.» Journal found just eight serious errors, such as general misunderstandings of vital concepts, in the articles. Four came from each site.» Discovered a series of factual errors, omissions or misleading statements. All told, Wikipedia had 162 such problems, while Britannica had 123.» Averages out to 2.92 mistakes per article for Britannica and 3.86 for Wikipedia.
  71. 71. Justification» The truth is that Wikipedia is far from finished, but even now, flaws and all, it is already one of the wonders of the digital age.» It is available for free for everyone all over the world at all times.» It has given a whole new meaning to the word free knowledge.» Wikipedia was not the first attempt of its kind. But under the leadership of Jimmy Wales it became the first to reach phenomenal success. For this achievement Jimmy Wales is considered to be one of the most successful leaders of the past decade.
  72. 72. Jeffrey P. BezosAmazon1964-PresentUnited StatesEntrepreneurWorld’s Largest Online Retailer
  73. 73. Recognition» American entrepreneur who played a key role in the growth of e- commerce as the Founder and CEO of, Inc.» Named Time magazines Person of the Year in 1999» In 2008, selected by U.S. News & World Report as one of Americas Best Leaders» Awarded an honorary doctorate in Science and Technology from Carnegie Mellon University in 2008» In 2011, The Economist gave Bezos an Innovation Award for the Amazon Kindle
  74. 74. Introduction» Graduated from Princeton in 1986 with B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science. And went on to work on Wall Street in the computer science field.» Worked on building a network for international trade for a company known as Fitel followed by worked at Bankers Trust, where he became vice- president.» Later on he also worked in computer science for D. E. Shaw & Co where he also became the vice-president.» Left his well-paying job at a New York City hedge fund when he learned about the rapid growth in Internet use and founded in 1994.
  75. 75. Introduction» It is the worlds largest online retailer.» Amazons initial business plan was unusual. The company did not expect a profit for four to five years. When the dot-com bubble burst, and many e-companies went out of business, Amazon persevered.» It finally turned its first profit in the fourth quarter of 2001: $5 million or 1¢ per share, on revenues of more than $1 billion.» It made tremendous growth during the past decade. For the year 2011 it made a Net Income of $631 million.
  76. 76. Amazon - Business Principles» Customer Obsession: We start with the customer and work backwards» Innovation: If you don’t listen to your customers you will fail. But if you only listen to your customers you will also fail.» Bias for Action: We live in a time of unheralded revolution and insurmountable opportunity–provided we make every minute count.» Ownership: Ownership matters when you’re building a great company. Owners think long- term, plead passionately for their projects and ideas, and are empowered to respectfully challenge decisions.» High Hiring Bar: When making a hiring decision we ask ourselves: “Will I admire this person? Will I learn from this person? Is this person a superstar?”» Frugality: We spend money on things that really matter and believe that frugality breeds resourcefulness, self-sufficiency, and invention!
  77. 77. Justification» There are, and have been, a huge number of competitors in e- commerce business but under the leadership of Jeff Bezos, is light years ahead of all of them “If they keep this up, there’s a good possibility that you’re looking at shopping malls going the way of the record store and the bookstore and the video rental store”» For playing such an influential role in developing the innovative field e-commerce with such huge success, Bezos surely considered to be one of the most top leaders of the past decade.
  78. 78. It’s not just about the visuals, but strengtheningOUR MESSAGE
  79. 79. Conclusion» The purpose of our presentation is not just to categorize and pass judgment but to seek inspiration in the examples of great leaders.» A common theme we see in the examples of all these leaders is that success is not achieved over night. It requires creativity and imagination along with continuous unrelenting efforts and determination.» If we learn the importance of leadership traits from these examples and apply ourselves to sharpen those skills through study and practice.» It you do it well, who knows maybe one day one of you might be presented somewhere in some class room in the same way that we have presented these great leaders here today.
  80. 80. Questions?Thank You