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Ch 9 sec 1


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Ch 9 sec 1

  1. 1. Chapter 9• Glorious Revolution• Enlightenment• Secularism• Empiricism
  2. 2. European countries rushed to establish colonies
  3. 3. Louis XIV• French king• One of the most successful absolute monarchs• Financial and social cost of absolute monarchy was great
  4. 4. King Louis XIV
  5. 5. Charles I• From England• Supported the Church of Rome• Wanted absolute power
  6. 6. Charles I
  7. 7. English Civil War• Between Charles I and Parliament• Charles entered the House of Commons with soldiers and tried to arrest them• They had escaped
  8. 8. • Oliver Cromwell lead the Parliament forces• Overthrew the King and• The king was tried and executed in 1649• Cromwell ruled until his death in 1658
  9. 9. Oliver Cromwell
  10. 10. Beheading of Charles I
  11. 11. • Cromwell set up a Protectorate (like a government) – It set up a constitution called the Instruments of Government – People soon wanted another king
  12. 12. Charles II• The son of Charles I• Asked by the people to become the king when Cromwell died• He didn’t mess with Parliament but received money from the French – In exchange he became Roman Catholic
  13. 13. Charles II
  14. 14. James II• Brother of Charles II• He was a strong Roman Catholic, but he was old so the people tolerated him• He didn’t have any boy children yet• When he had a son, they became worried that they would have a Roman Catholic on the throne for many years to come
  15. 15. James II
  16. 16. Glorious Revolution• The people asked James II daughter and her husband to take the throne. They were protestant• James II fled England rather than fight• This transfer of power without a fight is known as the glorious revolution
  17. 17. William of Orange and Mary• To gain the throne, Parliament made them sign the English Bill of Rights – This set limits on royal power – Provided basic rights for the English people – Prevented future ruler from being Roman Catholic
  18. 18. William and Mary
  19. 19. • The colonists in America demanded on the same civil rights that the English were getting with the English Bill of Rights