Ch 3 sec 2


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  • Legend says that the queen of Sheba and King Solomon had a child, Menelik, from whom all Ethiopian rulers are descended. Also states that the wooden box on the altar in the cathedral at Aksum contained the original ark of the covenant. (Aksum is a kingdom directly above Ethiopia)
  • Egyptian christianityofficial name for the largest Christian church in EgyptPage 48 in textbookFrumentius was ordained as a bishop of the Ethiopian Church by the king once he accepted Christianity.
  • Page 49 in textbookWhen the muslims came, they were cut off from the Egyptian church and struggled.They developed their own way of worship that included drums and dancing in its service.
  • Clancheifs would conquer other clans to create an empire.
  • Extensive trade passed through and it brought great wealth to the region.Salt …crucial for preservering foods…was important until refrigeration became available in early 1900s…Shana would trade gold in exchange for salt.Traded with Muslims and the leaders of Ghana converted to Islam
  • The Ghana empire military might had faded and another kingdom took over…Mali
  • Trade flourished and great wealth poured into the areaMali rulers converted to Islam
  • Mansa Musa was the most famous Mali rulerTradition…gave away so much gold that he reduced the value of gold in that region for several years
  • Mali’s influence faded and a new empire developedThis is where Timbuktu isThis one lasted until end of the 16th century (1591)
  • He couldn't’t keep smooth relationship with the general populations and keep Muslim merchants in newly conquered cities.
  • Produced trade items of iron, cotton cloth and gold
  • Read page 52 about camels
  • These scholars recorded what they saw in Africa and gave us the first written history of the continent…the ability to read and write changed the culture of Africa, which had only known oral recording of history and tradition.
  • Ch 3 sec 2

    2. 2. Ethiopia (in the east)
    3. 3. Frumentius
    4. 4. • A slave who rose in favor with the king • He introduced Coptic Christianity to Ethiopia.
    5. 5. • Had to defend itself from the Muslims • Turn to page 49 in book • Make pilgrimages to Lalibela and the 11 churches built by King Lalibela
    6. 6. Ghani (in the west)
    7. 7. • Prospered from the trade that traveled through • Traded for salt from the north • They demanded gold nuggets for a tax • Converted to Islam
    8. 8. Mali (in the west)
    9. 9. • King Sunjata defeated the rulers and set up a larger empire • Leaders converted to Islam
    10. 10. • Mansa Musa made pilgrimage to Mecca and gave away much gold
    11. 11. Songhai (in the west)
    12. 12. • Founded by Sunni Ali • Collapsed in 1591 when Moroccan forces came with muzzle-loading firearms
    13. 13. West African Commerce • Agriculture: – Developed iron production – Learned to work with camels
    14. 14. • Gold Production – Used gold to trade – Europeans called it the Gold Coast
    15. 15. • Caravan Trade – Camel caravans traveled from oasis to oasis – Why Camels? • Can store energy rich fat in their humps • Can store water to survive 5-7 days • Long eyelashes and nostrils can be closed during sandstorm • Can withstand extreme temperatures – Camels were essential to caravan trade
    16. 16. • Muslim traders brought Islam • Muslims also brought written language Arabic