Ch 24 sec 3

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  • 19 american ships were sunk or damaged200 planes destroyed2,000 men were killed and more than 1,000 woundedCongress voted to go to war (82-0 and 388-1…Jeanette Rankin caste only no vote)American carrier fleet was at sea and escaped the attack
  • 1 in 11 joined the militaryWomen weren’t allowed to fight combat roles, but served overseas in tasks that freed men to fight.
  • There was no indication that they would be disloyal, but they lost their jobs and farmers lost their produceRohwer and Jerome
  • They had to serve overseas because they were still not trusted
  • The US was unprepared for war and didn’t have enough materials…but just went to work!
  • Victory gardens and war bonds
  • U.S. soldiers approach Omaha Beach, their weapons wrapped in plastic to keep them dry, June 1944
  • Aerial view of part of the Allied force off the coast of France, on D-Day, 1944
  • Allied soldiers, vehicles and equipment swarm onto the French shore during the Normandy landings, June 1944.
  • Month of battleGermans demanded that the Americans surrendered“Nuts!” was the reply!!Pushed the Germans back into Germany
  • Ch 24 sec 3

    1. 1. The US Enters the War
    2. 2. • Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941. • Roosevelt called it a “Day that will live in infamy”
    3. 3. Preparing for War • 16 million Americans joined the military • Conscientious objectors – believed war was wrong and served in the medical corps • Women joined the military
    4. 4. • “Rosie the Riveter” was used to encourage to join the work force
    5. 5. Internment Camps • Forced relocation for Japanese Americans • They were stripped of their rights as American citizens • There were 2 of them in Arkansas
    6. 6. • Japanese were allowed to enlist in military service in 1943. • Helped crack the secret Japanese telegraph code
    7. 7. War Materials • Retooled factories to produce war goods – Built a ship every 3 ½ days – Auto factories built jeeps and tanks
    8. 8. • Food that would help the war effort was rationed (restricted in use). – Gasoline, oil, meat, butter, sugar, coffee, shoes and most canned or frozen goods
    9. 9. EUROPEAN THEATER
    10. 10. • First priority was to defeat Hitler • Russia joined the Allies and Stalin promised to help get rid of the Japanese once the Germans had been defeated
    11. 11. 1. Operation Torch • Dwight D Eisenhower led the Americans • Invasion of North Africa • The British invaded at the same time • They crushed the Axis forces between them
    12. 12. 2. Operation Husky • Led by General George Patton • Invaded Sicily (island close to Italy) • Italians were tired of fighting and overthrew Mussolini • Surrendered to the Allies and declared war on Germany
    13. 13. 3. D-Day • In Normandy, France on June 6, 1944 • Allied forces established a beachhead in France • After 3 months, liberated Paris
    14. 14. 4. Battle of the Bulge • Final German attack in Belgium
    15. 15. Yalta Conference • Between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt. • Russia agreed to enter the Pacific war and hold elections after the war
    16. 16. V-E Day (Victory in Europe) • Hitler is losing and commits suicide • May 7, 1945 the Germans surrendered

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