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Ch 24 sec 2

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Ch 24 sec 2

  1. 1. • Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles and no one did anything – First: Austria – Second: Sudentenland
  2. 2. • Hitler and Neville Chamberlain met in Munich, Germany • Introduced appeasement – give into Hitler’s demands, war would be avoided • It didn’t work
  3. 3. • Third: Czechoslovakia (by force) • Fourth: Poland
  4. 4. • Signed a nonaggression pact with Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) – They agreed not to attack each other as they expanded their empires
  5. 5. • On September 1, 1939, Hitler attacked Poland • A new type of warfare – Blitzkrieg (lightning war)
  6. 6. • Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939
  7. 7. • Fifth: Denmark and Norway • Sixth: Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg • Seventh: France
  8. 8. • Germans bypassed the Maginot line and entered France • Trapped the French near the port of Dunkirk
  9. 9. • German airforce was to finish them off • Bad weather delayed them • The British ferried them to safety across the channel
  10. 10. • Mussolini (Italy) joins Germany in the war
  11. 11. • Now Britain stands alone against Germany • British Royal Air Force (RAF) shot down many German planes • Battle of Berlin – bombing of Britain for one year
  12. 12. • Eighth: Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece
  13. 13. • Hitler decided to attack the Soviet Union • He was afraid Russia would change sides and help Britain • Now had to fight on two fronts
  14. 14. • Russians practiced a “scorched earth” policy • Germans were 40 miles from Moscow in October • Hitler continued on during the winter • Russia attacked on December 6 and Germans had to retreat
  15. 15. America • America sold war materials to the Allies, but they had to use cash and use their own ships
  16. 16. • Selective Service Act – draft to be ready in case of war
  17. 17. • Land Lease Act – allowed the president FDR to send equipment to any nation in return for property, services or equipment
  18. 18. • Japan joined the Axis powers.

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