Ch 21 sec 3

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  • Us ships traveled in groups called conveys with destroyers escorts for protectionWorked so well that not one of the 2 million soldiers bound for war was lost at sea
  • Provided food, clothing, munitions, ships and vehiclesThe Central Powers were unable to match this production rate and fell behind
  • At the beginning of the war we had only 200,000 men…400 heavy guns and enough ammunition to last a 9 hour bombardment…no tanks and no air forceAbout 4 million men went into service
  • Uniforms, guns, ammunition, vehicles and medical supplies
  • Meatless mondays, wheatlesswednesdaysBefore the war, average export of food to Europe was 7 million tons…by 1919 it had reached 18.6 million tons
  • Wanted Americans to know that their cause was justRecruitment posters and ads
  • Us spent about $24 billion and loaned about $8 billion to the alliesWent to Americans 4 times to ask for money and raised $18 billion with war bondsChildren raised produce they could sell for thrift stamps that they filled a book with and traded for savings stamps
  • Ch 21 sec 3

    1. 1. • Used the convoy system to travel across the ocean to Europe
    2. 2. • US provided not only men, but war materials which were badly needed.
    3. 3. Selective Service Act • The US draft
    4. 4. War Industries Board • Organized industrial production • Factories were transformed to produce needed war materials
    5. 5. United States Railroad Administration • Ensured the railroads operated efficiently carrying the extra passengers and freight
    6. 6. Food Administration • Led by Herbert Hoover • Set a voluntary program to preserve food • American’s also planted victory gardens
    7. 7. Herbert Hoover
    8. 8. • Women took up jobs in the factories
    9. 9. Advertise America • Wilson’s campaign to keep America informed about the war • “four minute men” gave short talks on patriotic topics
    10. 10. Americans hated ALL things German • Changed names of German items – Liberty burgers (hamburgers) – Liberty cabbage (sauerkraut) – Liberty pups (dachshunds) – Patriotic spots or patriotic measles (German measles) • No German taught in school
    11. 11. Liberty Bonds • Were sold to raise money for the war

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