“malice towards none” and “Charity for all” -- Lincoln
Both lost menSouth – severe property damage, fields were stripped bare, livestock was destroyed or taken, homes, businesses and railroads were destoyed, Many former plantation owners were in povertyNo work force, no immigrants
4 million southern blacks needed jobs, but white southerners had no money to pay them
Radicals wanted to treat the South as a conquered foreign nation…wanted to punish the South for the war.
Did not give it to people that had $20,000…they had to ask him personally.
Blacks could work only as domestic servants or farmers…forbade them to live in towns or cities…if they wanted to practice trades or do anything besides farming had to be apprenticed and get costly licenses and they had no money.Blacks not usefully employed could be arrested.Forbade them to own guns…told them if they could or could not own property
Ch 16 sec 1
Waving the Bloody Shirt
Why Northern Republicans were mad
with the plan:
1. Confederates were being elected to office
2. They felt the land of the big landholders
should be divided between former slaves
3. Worried the Southern Democrats would gain
control of Congress
4. Wanted blacks to have full citizenship rights
• Black codes – laws established in the south to
restrict the rights of newly freed slaves.
• Southerners argued that the black codes
prevented the chaos that could have come
from freeing 4 million slaves at once.