Ch 14 sec 2

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  • Whites feared revolts by the slaves…they slept with guns…they passed even stricter slave codes…it was illegal to teach slaves to read and write because they feared that ideas of revolt would spread if blacks had those skills
  • 1790 – 750,00 slaves…1860 – 3.5 million slaves…one of every three southerners was a slave
  • After the Fugitive slave law, their goal was Canada…some actually went south to georgia and florida
  • Ch 14 sec 2

    1. 1. Slavery in the South
    2. 2. Why was slavery different? 1. Involved only those of African descent 2. Became a permanent condition for most slaves 3. Was the result of buying stolen Africans and selling them
    3. 3. • The demand for cotton increased the need for slavery
    4. 4. Cotton Production 4500000 4000000 3500000 3000000 2500000 2000000 1500000 1000000 500000 0 1792 1800 1820 1840 1860
    5. 5. Underground Railroad • A network of people who aided runaway slaves. • The “Conductors” hid the slaves by day • The slaves traveled by night
    6. 6. Follow the Drinking Gourd
    7. 7. • Drinkin’gou’d – code for Big Dipper (North) • Ole man – Peg Leg Joe • The dead trees show the way – they were marked • Little riva – Tennessee River • Grea’ big un – Where Tennessee River meets the Ohio River
    8. 8. Underground railroad quilts
    9. 9. Flying Geese
    10. 10. Monkey Wrench
    11. 11. Drunkard’s Path
    12. 12. Sailboat
    13. 13. Bear’s Paw
    14. 14. Bow Tie
    15. 15. Tumbling Blocks or Boxes
    16. 16. Britches
    17. 17. Rose Wreath
    18. 18. Frederick Douglass • A leading black abolitionist • Abolitionist – a person who wanted to ban all slavery • Former slave • Published an antislavery newspaper called North Star
    19. 19. Frederick Douglass
    20. 20. Harriet Tubman • Escaped slave • Went back nearly 20 times to help others escape • Called the “Moses” of her people
    21. 21. Harriet Tubman

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