Ch 14 sec 1


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  • Believed that man was good and society had corrupted himViewed the capitalism that emerged from the Industrial Revolution as unjust because a small number of men controlled the wealth of society
  • Utopia describes a perfect place or society, where everyone is equal socially and economically.
  • Christian socialists denied or distorted the biblical teachings on Creation, the Fall and REdemption
  • Believed that private ownership of property and private control of wealth was evilWanted the proletariat to establish a dictatorship where the worker would be in powerMarx took a negative view of religion…claimed that belief in God, sin, and salvation through jesus Christ kept the proletariat in bondage blinding them to their real needs and their power to change society. Called religion the “opium of the people”
  • Very high tariffs, which protected those who produced these items in BritainResulted in dramatic increase of trade and brought great prosperity to Britain
  • 1918 – women over 30 could vote…1928 – all women could vote
  • Secretly tried and found innocent the real spyEventually he was released and restored in the French army
  • During its existence as a penal colony (1884-1946), more than 56,000 prisoners were transported to French Guiana from France. Of this number, perhaps one-fourth returned to France. Many of those who evaded death in the jungle camps did so by escape—a feat that became increasingly difficult as the years passed
  • Ch 14 sec 1

    1. 1. Reform in Western Culture
    2. 2. Glue in New Government Ideas tab
    3. 3. Socialism • Government ownership of business • Rather than competition, wanted a classless society in which everyone cooperated for the common good
    4. 4. 1. Utopian socialist: believed that people were the products of their environment
    5. 5. 2. Christian socialist: tried to combine a form of Christianity with socialism
    6. 6. Marxism • Designed by Karl Marx and his friend Friedrich Engels
    7. 7. • Wrote the Communist Manifesto
    8. 8. • Wanted the proletariat (laborers) to unite against the bourgeoisie (capitalists) • Establish communism: common ownership of property
    9. 9. Glue in New Movements tab
    10. 10. Movements: 1. Woman’s suffrage • The 19th Amendment in the US gave women the right to vote • In 1920
    11. 11. 2. Temperance Movement • Temperance – drinking in moderation • Abstinence – no drinking of alcohol • Women’s Christian Temperance Union was to educate the public regarding the evils of alcohol • 18th Amendment makes manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol illegal
    12. 12. Glue in New Reform in Britain tab
    13. 13. Reform in Britain • Corn Laws – Allowed merchants to import cheaper grain and lowered the cost of food for everyone
    14. 14. • Reform Bill of 1832 – Allowed middle class to vote (not the working class)
    15. 15. • Reform Act of 1867 – Designed by prime minister Benjamin Disraeli – Allowed all male homeowners to vote
    16. 16. • Parliament Bill of 1911 – Established the House of Commons as more powerful than House of Lords
    17. 17. Hatred of Jews • Anti-Semitism – hostility toward Jews
    18. 18. Dreyfus Affair • Alfred Dreyfus was a Jew in France • Accused of passing military secrets to the Germans
    19. 19. • Convicted and sentenced to life on Devil’s Island