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Ch 14 sec 1

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Ch 14 sec 1

  1. 1. • • • • Manifest Destiny Popular sovereignty Wage slaves Abolitionist
  2. 2. Manifest Destiny • Manifest Destiny – the expansion of America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
  3. 3. What do we do about slavery in the new territories? • Currently the count was 12 free and 12 slave
  4. 4. Wilmot Proviso • Proposed by David Wilmot • Ban slavery from all territory gained from Mexico • It was not approved
  5. 5. David Wilmot
  6. 6. • California was ready to admit to the US as a FREE state • Southerners were outraged!
  7. 7. Compromise of 1850 • Proposed by Henry Clay 1. California would be admitted as a free state 2. The remainder of the areas could decide for themselves if they wanted slavery by popular sovereignty (a vote) 3. Strict Fugitive Slave Law was passed
  8. 8. Fugitive Slave Law • All runaway slaves were to be returned to their owners with the help of the government
  9. 9. Ready for War
  10. 10. Differences between the North and South • The South was agricultural – Grew cash crops, mainly cotton
  11. 11. Slaveholders in the South, 1860 1-4 slaves 5-19 slaves 20-49 slaves 50-99 slaves 100-499 slaves 500+ slaves
  12. 12. • Only 1% of the Southern population ruled politically, economically and socially • Southerners believed that slavery was vital to a stable society • Believed that blacks did not have the intelligence or ability to participate alongside whites in society
  13. 13. • The North was Industrial – Most immigrants lived in the North and worked in these factories “wage slaves”– What southerners called these factory workers because of their poor working and living conditions
  14. 14. The South • Felt states’ rights were more important than federal government • Opposed a high tariff because they had little industry
  15. 15. The North • Believed in a strong central government • Favored a high tariff

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