Ch 11 sec 2

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Ch 11 sec 2

  1. 1. Ottoman Empire
  2. 2. • Under rule of Mehmet II • Concentrated on conquering Constantinople that the Byzantine empire controlled
  3. 3. • The Ottomans set up a fort on each side of the Bosporus Strait
  4. 4. • They entered the city on May 29, 1453. • Constantinople was changed to Istanbul and was permanent capital of Ottoman Empire
  5. 5. • Ottomans became one of the most advanced fighting forces in the world – Used small cannon, called falcons
  6. 6. – Used muskets – Used fast Arabian horses – Used tactic of pretend retreat
  7. 7. Ottoman rule • They had a simple system of rule • Controlled wealth by limiting taxation on the working class
  8. 8. • Used qualified officials (no matter their background) and this resulted in a stable government
  9. 9. • Ottomans viewed the merchants and artisans (skilled craftsmen) as essential to the success of the empire
  10. 10. • Ottoman empire was between the West and East so trade had to pass through the Empire. • They would buy the treasures and re-sell them at a profit
  11. 11. • This is why Europeans looked for a different route to the East
  12. 12. Religion • Other religions were allowed if you paid a tax to the government.
  13. 13. • European forces defeated the Ottomans in Vienna in 1683.

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