Study and collection of facts about the
earth and its features as well as about
the activities of people on the earth
How do Geographers collect data?
1. Direct observation
2. Aerial photographs
3. Global Positioning System
4. Census
Maps
• Cartography – the art of making maps
Globe
• Shows the earth as accurately as possible
Maps
• Flat representation of the earth
• Cannot accurately display the curved surface
of the earth
Types of Maps
1. Mercator projection
• More accurate at the equator than at the
poles
• A conformal map – shapes look like...
2. Mollweide projection
• Equal area map – correct size of
landmasses, but distorts shape
3. Robinson projection
• Shows areas and distances with a high degree
of accuracy
4. Azimuthal Projection
• Shows true compass directions
Ch 1 sec 4
Ch 1 sec 4
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Ch 1 sec 4

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Ch 1 sec 4

  1. 1. Study and collection of facts about the earth and its features as well as about the activities of people on the earth
  2. 2. How do Geographers collect data? 1. Direct observation 2. Aerial photographs
  3. 3. 3. Global Positioning System
  4. 4. 4. Census
  5. 5. Maps • Cartography – the art of making maps
  6. 6. Globe • Shows the earth as accurately as possible
  7. 7. Maps • Flat representation of the earth • Cannot accurately display the curved surface of the earth
  8. 8. Types of Maps 1. Mercator projection • More accurate at the equator than at the poles • A conformal map – shapes look like the shapes on a globe
  9. 9. 2. Mollweide projection • Equal area map – correct size of landmasses, but distorts shape
  10. 10. 3. Robinson projection • Shows areas and distances with a high degree of accuracy
  11. 11. 4. Azimuthal Projection • Shows true compass directions

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