Imperialism
Imperialism
• Extending your way of life over other people
Opposition to Imperialism
• Did not need to acquire many raw materials
from lands overseas as other countries did
• Imperi...
Alaska
• Purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867
• Important for national defense of the US
Became the 49th state in 1959
Hawaii
• Congress annexed the islands of Hawaii
• Hawaiians forced Hawaiian queen, Liliuokalani
from power and asked US to annex them
• President Cleveland refused because the
queen was removed from power illegally
• President McKinley came to office and agreed
to the purchase
Spanish American War
• A Cuban revolution broke out.
Yellow Journalism
• Reporters twisted stories to make each one
more exciting than the previous one
• William Randolph Hear...
William Randolph Hearst
Joseph Pulitzer
Two events caused the US to enter the
war:
1. Letter written by Dupuy de Lome
– He was the Spanish minister to the US
– In...
Dupuy de Lome
2. The explosion of the USS Maine
– Mysteriously happened
– Yellow press blamed Spain
• The US declared war on Spain on April
25, 1898
• Teller Amendment – the US had no intention
of adding Cuba to the US
• War lasted 100 days and the US won every
battle that we fought!
• Theodore Roosevelt led the Rough Riders
Panama Canal
• Connects the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
• Panama was part of Columbia at the time
• US offered Columbia $10 million AND
$250,000 every year to build it
• Columbia...
• Instead, the US helped the Panamanians gain
independence
• Gave Panama the same deal
• Signed the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Trea...
• The Canal would be open to all nations in
peace AND war
Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy
• Use US military strength to persuade foreign
nations to act properly
Dollar Diplomacy
• William Howard Taft’s foreign policy
• Use American money to get foreign countries
to act a certain way
Moral Diplomacy
• Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy
• Use of negotiation to get countries to act a
certain way
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  • Isolationism – minding the country’s own business and staying out of world politics…
  • A “distant land” bought for America’s benefit
  • Lee LEE oo oh kah LAH nee
  • Americans began to think that they must do something to help their cuban neighbors and viewed them as oppressed victimsLivelihood was sugar industryRevolutionaries fed the American press a steady diet of overblown incidents, all of which they blamed on Spain…they hoped the stories would make Americans angry enough to go to war.
  • These stories stirred sympathies of readers and made them want to help the Cubans Why did the US get involved?
  • It was stolen by Cuban rebels and given to the press.Called him “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a common politician”De Lome resigned, but it wasn’t enough
  • Less than one week after the de lome letterKilled 2 officers and 250 enlisted menThe battle cry became “Remember the Maine”
  • US recognized Cuba’s independence, even though they didn’t have it yet and Spain declared war on the US in order to save its honor.They only wanted Cuba’s independence, wanted them to have a better life
  • Fewer than 400 American soldiers died in battle or from combat woundsMore than 5000 died of typhoid, malaria, yellow fever or other diseases
  • An all volunteer cavalry unit
  • Took two months to sail around South America…needed it for defenseUS bought the project from the French company that had gone bankrupt and a lot of their workers had died of malaria and yellow fever
  • Columbia wanted $25 million
  • They had to pay a tollTook 11 years to buildUS would control and defend the “canal zone”
  • Didn’t use threats or financial loss
  • 19 20

    1. 1. Imperialism
    2. 2. Imperialism • Extending your way of life over other people
    3. 3. Opposition to Imperialism • Did not need to acquire many raw materials from lands overseas as other countries did • Imperialism contradicted their ideals: American had fought for their own liberty, could they now take away the liberty of foreign people?
    4. 4. Alaska • Purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 • Important for national defense of the US
    5. 5. Became the 49th state in 1959
    6. 6. Hawaii • Congress annexed the islands of Hawaii
    7. 7. • Hawaiians forced Hawaiian queen, Liliuokalani from power and asked US to annex them
    8. 8. • President Cleveland refused because the queen was removed from power illegally
    9. 9. • President McKinley came to office and agreed to the purchase
    10. 10. Spanish American War
    11. 11. • A Cuban revolution broke out.
    12. 12. Yellow Journalism • Reporters twisted stories to make each one more exciting than the previous one • William Randolph Hearst, owner of the New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer owner of the New York World were the worst two.
    13. 13. William Randolph Hearst
    14. 14. Joseph Pulitzer
    15. 15. Two events caused the US to enter the war: 1. Letter written by Dupuy de Lome – He was the Spanish minister to the US – Insulted President McKinley
    16. 16. Dupuy de Lome
    17. 17. 2. The explosion of the USS Maine – Mysteriously happened – Yellow press blamed Spain
    18. 18. • The US declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898 • Teller Amendment – the US had no intention of adding Cuba to the US
    19. 19. • War lasted 100 days and the US won every battle that we fought!
    20. 20. • Theodore Roosevelt led the Rough Riders
    21. 21. Panama Canal • Connects the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
    22. 22. • Panama was part of Columbia at the time • US offered Columbia $10 million AND $250,000 every year to build it • Columbia refused
    23. 23. • Instead, the US helped the Panamanians gain independence • Gave Panama the same deal • Signed the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty that gave the US a ten mile wide strip of land to build the canal
    24. 24. • The Canal would be open to all nations in peace AND war
    25. 25. Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy • Use US military strength to persuade foreign nations to act properly
    26. 26. Dollar Diplomacy • William Howard Taft’s foreign policy • Use American money to get foreign countries to act a certain way
    27. 27. Moral Diplomacy • Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy • Use of negotiation to get countries to act a certain way

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