Autism
Autism is a
complex
neurological
disorder of
development that
lasts throughout a
person’s life.
Language
Social
Behavior
Challenges
Routine
 Communication
 Verbal
▪ Not responding to his/her name
▪ Inability to explain what he/she wants
 Non-Verbal
▪ Not smil...
Technology
 Sharing Emotions
 Empathy
 Lack of interest in peers
 Holding a Conversation
 SpendingTime Interacting with Others
...
 Repeating words or actions
 Obsessively following routines and
schedules
 Having specific and inflexible ways
of arran...
Spectrum
 Definition: a group of disorders with
a range of similar features.
 Different people with autism have
very different fe...
Asperger’s
Disorder
PDD-NOS
Autistic
Disorder
Rett’s
Disorder
Childhood
Disintegrative
Disorder
 People withAsperger’s Syndrome have
similar problems as those with autism. These
problems often arise in the areas of so...
 Obsessions are incredibly common among
people with Asperger’s Syndrome.
 Children withAsperger’s Syndrome are
generally...
 Pervasive Developmental Disorder –
Not Otherwise Specified
 “Atypical autism”
 Symptoms may manifest later in life or ...
 No official cure
 BUT, many children with ASDs progress to
the point that they do not show symptoms of
the full syndrom...
Treatments
Behavior
Management
Therapy
- Reinforce
wanted
behaviors
-Reduce
unwanted
behaviors
- Often based
on ABA
Speech...
 Public schools must provide free, appropriate
education from age 3 through high school or
age 21.
 Typically, students ...
 All images from Google Images.
 Information paraphrased from Marc
Lombardy, Psy.D.
Autism
Autism
Autism
Autism
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Autism

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Autism

  1. 1. Autism
  2. 2. Autism is a complex neurological disorder of development that lasts throughout a person’s life.
  3. 3. Language Social Behavior Challenges Routine
  4. 4.  Communication  Verbal ▪ Not responding to his/her name ▪ Inability to explain what he/she wants  Non-Verbal ▪ Not smiling when someone smiles at him/her ▪ Not making eye contact
  5. 5. Technology
  6. 6.  Sharing Emotions  Empathy  Lack of interest in peers  Holding a Conversation  SpendingTime Interacting with Others  Intense orViolentTantrums
  7. 7.  Repeating words or actions  Obsessively following routines and schedules  Having specific and inflexible ways of arranging items
  8. 8. Spectrum
  9. 9.  Definition: a group of disorders with a range of similar features.  Different people with autism have very different features and symptoms.
  10. 10. Asperger’s Disorder PDD-NOS Autistic Disorder Rett’s Disorder Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
  11. 11.  People withAsperger’s Syndrome have similar problems as those with autism. These problems often arise in the areas of social interaction and communication.  People with Asperger’s Syndrome are generally considered to have normal intelligence and verbal skills, unlike many people with autism.
  12. 12.  Obsessions are incredibly common among people with Asperger’s Syndrome.  Children withAsperger’s Syndrome are generally able to communicate well. However, they often have trouble understanding non-literal language and non- verbal communication methods.
  13. 13.  Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified  “Atypical autism”  Symptoms may manifest later in life or be slightly different from that of autism.  Often, but not always, PDD-NOS symptoms are milder than autism symptoms.
  14. 14.  No official cure  BUT, many children with ASDs progress to the point that they do not show symptoms of the full syndrome as adults.  Early diagnosis and interventions have a strong positive effect on later skills and symptoms.
  15. 15. Treatments Behavior Management Therapy - Reinforce wanted behaviors -Reduce unwanted behaviors - Often based on ABA Speech- Language Therapy - Help people on the spectrum improve their ability to communicate Occupational Therapy - Help people adjust tasks to match their needs & abilities Physical Therapy - Use activities and exercises to build motor control and improve posture & balance
  16. 16.  Public schools must provide free, appropriate education from age 3 through high school or age 21.  Typically, students with ASDs will receive support from a team of people who create an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) to help guide the child’s school experiences.
  17. 17.  All images from Google Images.  Information paraphrased from Marc Lombardy, Psy.D.

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