Recap: What are the Guiding Principles of Governance?
4 Guiding Principles  <ul><li>Leadership is Key </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate Change and Stay Relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Understanding Governance through the management of traffic flow in Singapore <ul><li>Think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wh...
Why was there a need to control traffic? <ul><li>In 1970s, economic BOOM! </li></ul><ul><li>More people work in city centr...
So why was this a problem?? <ul><li>Traffic Congestion in the city centre </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of productivity at work (...
Government’s Solutions…. <ul><li>Area Licensing Scheme  </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Road Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Park-a...
1. Area Licensing Scheme <ul><li>1 st  traffic control scheme in Central Business District (CBD). </li></ul><ul><li>Driver...
Result of Area Licensing Scheme? <ul><li>1. Area Licensing Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>At first, unhappiness over increased c...
2. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) <ul><li>Why change from ALS? </li></ul><ul><li>Technology improved! </li></ul><ul><li>ALS...
3. Park-and-Ride Scheme <ul><li>Same time as ALS. </li></ul><ul><li>Carparks built next to MRT stations and bus interchang...
4. Vehicle Quota System <ul><li>Introduced in 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>More cars on the road    People more affluent </li...
<ul><li>Which do you think is the most effective measure in controlling traffic flow in Singapore? Why? Justify your answe...
 
Understanding Governance through the case study of Singapore’s population policy <ul><li>Think About: </li></ul><ul><li>Ho...
<ul><li>Planning for a population of 6.5 million: </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the government need to do this? </li></ul><ul...
Singapore’s   population growth trends 1960 to 2000 Aged Dependants Working Population Young Dependants
Singapore’s   population population policies 1960 to 2000 Changing times, require changing policies
Singapore’s   population growth from 1950 to 2000 & Singapore’s   population policies <ul><li>Rapid population growth in t...
Life Expectancy at Birth (Singapore) Source:  www.singstat.gov.sg What is  Singapore's life expectancy ranking  against th...
An Ageing Population? What are the implications of such trends for Singapore?
Sustaining an ageing population - How to fund all these retirees?  Total CPF Savings at Age 55 Among Elderly Who Were Age ...
Foreign talent in Singapore on the rise Total Population of Singapore by Residential Status for 1990, 2000 and 2006 (Mid-Y...
Preparing for an Ageing Population Which of these measures would best meet the needs of the elderly? Explain your answer. ...
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Transport & Population

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Transport & Population

  1. 1. Recap: What are the Guiding Principles of Governance?
  2. 2. 4 Guiding Principles <ul><li>Leadership is Key </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate Change and Stay Relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Reward for Work and Work for Reward </li></ul><ul><li>A Stake For Everyone, Opportunities for All </li></ul><ul><li>Can you give examples of how each of these principles has shaped policies in Singapore? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Understanding Governance through the management of traffic flow in Singapore <ul><li>Think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is good governance important in Singapore? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does the management of traffic flow in Singapore reflect good governance? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why was there a need to control traffic? <ul><li>In 1970s, economic BOOM! </li></ul><ul><li>More people work in city centre. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater affluence  more people could afford to buy cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore,  More cars travelling to city centre! </li></ul>
  5. 5. So why was this a problem?? <ul><li>Traffic Congestion in the city centre </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of productivity at work (latecomers and stress from being caught in jams) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government’s Solutions…. <ul><li>Area Licensing Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Road Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Park-and-Ride Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Quota System </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Area Licensing Scheme <ul><li>1 st traffic control scheme in Central Business District (CBD). </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers PAY to use certain roads in Restricted Zones . </li></ul><ul><li>Gantries set up to monitor ALS car labels to enter Restricted Zones. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting measures: More buses, more expensive parking, park-and-ride facilities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Result of Area Licensing Scheme? <ul><li>1. Area Licensing Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>At first, unhappiness over increased costs of entering city area. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, as traffic improved, people gave support. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop in no. of vehicles: 32,500 (before June 1975) to 7,700 (ALS after June 1975) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) <ul><li>Why change from ALS? </li></ul><ul><li>Technology improved! </li></ul><ul><li>ALS inconvenient and labour-intensive – WHY? </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3. Park-and-Ride Scheme <ul><li>Same time as ALS. </li></ul><ul><li>Carparks built next to MRT stations and bus interchange. </li></ul><ul><li>UNSUCCESSFUL…WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers did not want to leave their cars outside city all day. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of $$$ wasted. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 4. Vehicle Quota System <ul><li>Introduced in 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>More cars on the road  People more affluent </li></ul><ul><li>To administer VQS, used COE system. </li></ul><ul><li>Every month there’s a quota for different category of vehicles set by LTA. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who wants to buy car, must BID. </li></ul><ul><li>If you get the bid, you must pay QUOTA PREMIUM. </li></ul><ul><li>After that, can keep car for ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewal of COE after 10 years </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Which do you think is the most effective measure in controlling traffic flow in Singapore? Why? Justify your answer. Explain why one is better than the others. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the principles of governance behind each of these measures? </li></ul>THINK-PAIR-SHARE:
  13. 14. Understanding Governance through the case study of Singapore’s population policy <ul><li>Think About: </li></ul><ul><li>How have the principles of governance helped to shape population policies in Singapore? </li></ul><ul><li>How do population policies in Singapore facilitate the growth and future development of Singapore? </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Planning for a population of 6.5 million: </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the government need to do this? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues & challenges we face? </li></ul>
  15. 16. Singapore’s population growth trends 1960 to 2000 Aged Dependants Working Population Young Dependants
  16. 17. Singapore’s population population policies 1960 to 2000 Changing times, require changing policies
  17. 18. Singapore’s population growth from 1950 to 2000 & Singapore’s population policies <ul><li>Rapid population growth in the 1960-80s . Why? How did this shape population policy in Singapore? </li></ul><ul><li>Slow Population growth 1980s onwards. Why? How did this shape population policy in Singapore? </li></ul><ul><li>Future Trend – An Ageing Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is the population ageing? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of an ageing population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing for an ageing population </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Life Expectancy at Birth (Singapore) Source: www.singstat.gov.sg What is Singapore's life expectancy ranking against the world?
  19. 20. An Ageing Population? What are the implications of such trends for Singapore?
  20. 21. Sustaining an ageing population - How to fund all these retirees? Total CPF Savings at Age 55 Among Elderly Who Were Age 59 and Above in 1999
  21. 22. Foreign talent in Singapore on the rise Total Population of Singapore by Residential Status for 1990, 2000 and 2006 (Mid-Year Estimates) 875,500 (19.5%) 754,500 (18.7%) 311,300 (10.2%) Non-Residents 462,700 (10.3%) 287,500 (7.1%) 112,100 (3.7%) Permanent Residents    3,145,800 (70.2%) 2,985,900 (74.1%) 2,623,700 (86.1%) Singapore Citizens 4,483,900 (100.0%) 4,027,900 (100.0%) 3,047,100 (100.0%) Total Population   2006 2000 1990 Year
  22. 23. Preparing for an Ageing Population Which of these measures would best meet the needs of the elderly? Explain your answer. Individuals should take care Community should help Government should support Family should care for elderly Many Helping Hands Approach

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