lax.kd lgk;hr vuqns’ku ikB
Nk= v/;kidkps uko           dq- vf’ouh v’kksdjko fpapqydkj       fo“k;                               ok.khT;       ?kVd   ...
vk‘k; @ikB;oLrw          vk;qfoZek          O;k[;k          foE;kps izdkj
Li”Vhdj.k         ßT;k djkjke/;s foek daiuh foesnkjkdMwu ,d Bjkfod jDde gIR;ke/;sLohdkjrs vkf.k ;k cnY;kr Hkfo”;kr e`R;w f...
iz‘u   vk;qfoZek Eg.kts dk;mRr T;k djkjke/;s foek daiuh foesnkjkdMwu ,d Bjkohd jDde Lohdkjrsj   R;kyk vk;qfoZek vls Eg.krk...
vk‘k; @ikB;oLrw     vX.kh foek     O;k[;k
Li”Vhdj.k         ßvXuh foek Eg.kts foeki=kP;k dkyko/khr >kysY;k uqdlkuhps fdaokrksV;klaca/khpk djkj gks;-Þ         vXuh f...
iz‘u   vXuh foek Eg.kts dk;mRr foeki=kP;k dkyko/khr >kysY;k uqdlkuhps fdaok rksV;klaca/khpsj   djkj Eg.kts vXuh foek gks;-...
ewY;ekiu                ;ksX; tksM;k ykok-v xV                          c xV1½ vk;qfoZek                  v ½ uqdlku Hkjik...
Lok/;k;% vk;qfoZek o vXuh foek Eg.kts dk;
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Commerce

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Commerce

  1. 1. lax.kd lgk;hr vuqns’ku ikB
  2. 2. Nk= v/;kidkps uko dq- vf’ouh v’kksdjko fpapqydkj fo“k; ok.khT; ?kVd foE;kps izdkj mi?kVd foE;kps izdkj v/;kiukph lk/kus lax.kd v/;kiu in~/krh lax.kd v/;kiu in~/krh Lo;a v/;;u in~/krhv/;kiukph mfn~n”V;s foE;kps izdkj ;k laca/kh fo|kF;kZauk lfoLrj ekfgrh letkowu lkax.ks-
  3. 3. vk‘k; @ikB;oLrw  vk;qfoZek  O;k[;k  foE;kps izdkj
  4. 4. Li”Vhdj.k ßT;k djkjke/;s foek daiuh foesnkjkdMwu ,d Bjkfod jDde gIR;ke/;sLohdkjrs vkf.k ;k cnY;kr Hkfo”;kr e`R;w fdaok foE;kpk dkyko/kh laiY;kuarj rhjDde ijr dj.;kps dcwy djrs R;k foE;kyk vk;qfoZek Eg.krkr-Þ gk ,d uqdlku HkjikbZ djkj ulwu ;k e/;s foek daiuh foesnkjkyk foE;kphiw.kZ jDde ns.;kl lger vlrs Eg.kwu vk;qfoZE;kl vk’oklu djkj vls Eg.krkr-
  5. 5. iz‘u vk;qfoZek Eg.kts dk;mRr T;k djkjke/;s foek daiuh foesnkjkdMwu ,d Bjkohd jDde Lohdkjrsj R;kyk vk;qfoZek vls Eg.krkr-iz‘u foesnkjkyk foE;kph iw.kZ jDde ns.;kl dks.k lger vlrsmRr foesnkjkyk foek daiuh foE;kph iw.kZ jDde ns.;kl lger vlrs-j
  6. 6. vk‘k; @ikB;oLrw  vX.kh foek  O;k[;k
  7. 7. Li”Vhdj.k ßvXuh foek Eg.kts foeki=kP;k dkyko/khr >kysY;k uqdlkuhps fdaokrksV;klaca/khpk djkj gks;-Þ vXuh foE;kaP;k djkjke/;s foek daiuh iS’kkP;k Lo:ikr fdaok BjkohdjDde fdaok gIR;kP;k ekscnY;kr uqdlku HkjikbZ ns.;kps dcqy djrs tls dhvkxheqGs uqdlku fdaok foE;ki=kP;k dkyko/kh e/;s t[kekeqGs gks.kkjs uqdlkuns.;kps dcqy djrs gk djkj foeki= nLr,sotke/;s feGq ‘kdrs- foE;kps loZ rRosvXuh foE;kyk ykxw vkgsr-
  8. 8. iz‘u vXuh foek Eg.kts dk;mRr foeki=kP;k dkyko/khr >kysY;k uqdlkuhps fdaok rksV;klaca/khpsj djkj Eg.kts vXuh foek gks;-iz‘u foE;kps loZ rRos d’kke/;s ykxw vkgsrmRr foE;kps loZ rRos vXuh foE;kyk ykxw vkgsr-j
  9. 9. ewY;ekiu ;ksX; tksM;k ykok-v xV c xV1½ vk;qfoZek v ½ uqdlku HkjikbZps rRos2 ½ vXuh foek c ½ foesnkj
  10. 10. Lok/;k;% vk;qfoZek o vXuh foek Eg.kts dk;

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