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Measuring the societal impact of open science

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Presentation given at 2:AM conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands, October 7-8, 2015.

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Measuring the societal impact of open science

  1. 1. Kim Holmberg*,1, Fereshteh Didegah1, Timothy D. Bowman1, Sarah Bowman1, and Terttu Kortelainen2 1 Research Unit for the Sociology of Education, University of Turku 2 Information Studies, University of Oulu kim.j.holmberg@utu.fi * Financed by The Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture’s Open Science and Research Initiative *
  2. 2. Open science is “the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.” Nielsen, M. (2011). Definitions of Open Science? Okfn mailing list. https://lists.okfn.org/pipermail/open- science/2011-July/000907.html. Retrieved on 13 January, 2015.
  3. 3. Altmetrics and open science?
  4. 4. Friesike and Schildhauer (2015) suggest that wider range of quantitative indicators of a wider range of impact can be incentivizing for researchers to make their research more accessible, adopting the open science ideology. Friesike, S. & Schildhauer, T. (2015). Open science: many good resolutions, very few incentives, yet. In: Welpe, I.M., Wollersheim, J., Ringelhan, S. & Osterloh, M. (Eds.). Incentives and Performance. Givernance of Research Organizations. Springer.
  5. 5. Created by researchers Created by the public Altmetrics
  6. 6. Altmetrics Provide a more nuanced image of the total impact that research has made?
  7. 7. How are altmetric events distributed between articles in open access journals and other journals?
  8. 8. Our preliminary results are based on an analysis of how almost 4 million altmetric events are spread between articles in open access journals (as listed by DOAJ) and other journals. Thank you Euan and Altmetric.com for sharing the data!
  9. 9. -2.7490 0.0832 -0.0088 0.0014 0.0087 0.0135 0.1986 0.0245 0.0008-0.0008 -0.0218 0.0015 0.0001 1.1447 0.0184 -0.1112 -0.0048 Mendeley readers Citeulike readers Connotea readers Blog posts News posts Reddit posts Facebook posts Google plus posts Pinterest postsQ and A posts F1000 posts Video posts LinkedIn posts Twitter posts Peer review posts Wikipedia posts Policy posts Figure 1. Differences between the average number of altmetric events for open access articles and for paid articles. Higher positive values indicate an advantage for open access articles; higher negative values indicate an advantage for paid articles.
  10. 10. The results • Twitter (and Facebook to lesser degree) might be able to reflect the attention of a wider public. • Mendeley is used mainly by researchers. • A great deal of Wikipedia articles are written by researchers with paid access to research articles (additional evidence of the high quality of Wikipedia articles?).
  11. 11. Kim Holmberg kim.j.holmberg@utu.fi http://kimholmberg.fi @kholmber Bedankt voor uw aandacht! Holmberg, Kim (2015): Open Science logo. figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1391887

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