SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Conducting Twitter Reserch

An #ASIST webinar about conducting Twitter research; data collection, filtering, analysis and visualization

1 of 41
Download to read offline
ASIST Webinar 12/2013

Conducting
Twitter Research
Kim Holmberg, PhD
Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group
University of Wolverhampton, UK
(e) kim.holmberg@abo.fi
(w3) http://kimholmberg.fi
Cascades, Islands, or Streams?
Time, Topic, and Scholarly Activities in
Humanities and Social Science Research
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
University of Wolverhampton, UK
Université de Montréal, Canada
Cascades, Islands, or Streams?
Integrate several datasets representing a
broad range of scholarly activities
Use methodological and data triangulation
to explore the lifecycle of topics within and
across a range of scholarly activities

Develop transparent tools and techniques
to enable future predictive analyses
I’m preparing slides for an #ASIST #webinar
DATA COLLECTION
Webometric Analyst, for data
collection via Twitter’s API, data
cleaning and analysis
http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/
For detailed instructions visit
http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/searcher/twitter.htm
DATA COLLECTION
Other data collection tools
Twitter Archiving Google Spreadsheet (TAGS)
http://mashe.hawksey.info/2013/02/twitter-archive-tagsv5/

HootSuite
http://hootsuite.com/
Or you can write your own script:
https://dev.twitter.com/
http://140dev.com/free-twitter-api-source-code-library/twitter-database-server/

Recommended

Weller social media as research data_psm15
Weller social media as research data_psm15Weller social media as research data_psm15
Weller social media as research data_psm15Katrin Weller
 
Twitter analytics -digiworldhanoi.vn
Twitter analytics  -digiworldhanoi.vnTwitter analytics  -digiworldhanoi.vn
Twitter analytics -digiworldhanoi.vnDigiword Ha Noi
 
Signal versus noise
Signal versus noiseSignal versus noise
Signal versus noiseDoctorG
 
Prof. Hendrik Speck - IMEA 3 Heidelberg - Social Media
Prof. Hendrik Speck - IMEA 3 Heidelberg - Social MediaProf. Hendrik Speck - IMEA 3 Heidelberg - Social Media
Prof. Hendrik Speck - IMEA 3 Heidelberg - Social MediaHendrik Speck
 
Professor Hendrik Speck - Social Conduct. Privacy and Social Networks.
Professor Hendrik Speck - Social Conduct. Privacy and Social Networks.Professor Hendrik Speck - Social Conduct. Privacy and Social Networks.
Professor Hendrik Speck - Social Conduct. Privacy and Social Networks.Hendrik Speck
 
Communicating your science to the broader community
Communicating your science to the broader communityCommunicating your science to the broader community
Communicating your science to the broader communityGlobal Plant Council
 
Prof. Hendrik Speck - Privacy and Social Networks
Prof. Hendrik Speck - Privacy and Social NetworksProf. Hendrik Speck - Privacy and Social Networks
Prof. Hendrik Speck - Privacy and Social NetworksHendrik Speck
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS TheContentMine
 
Elsevier - Labs on Line
Elsevier - Labs on Line Elsevier - Labs on Line
Elsevier - Labs on Line Philip Bourne
 
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSSOpen software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSSpetermurrayrust
 
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...Hendrik Speck
 
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the LiteratureAutomatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the LiteratureTheContentMine
 
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation Katja Reuter, PhD
 
Data, data, data
Data, data, dataData, data, data
Data, data, dataandrewxhill
 
A History Of First Search Engine S
A History Of First Search Engine SA History Of First Search Engine S
A History Of First Search Engine SEarnestine336Prue
 
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature TheContentMine
 
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.Hendrik Speck
 
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)jeffreylancaster
 
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...Krist Wongsuphasawat
 
Challenges in-archiving-twitter
Challenges in-archiving-twitterChallenges in-archiving-twitter
Challenges in-archiving-twitterKatrin Weller
 
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literatureAmanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literaturepetermurrayrust
 
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer Apps
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer AppsSemantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer Apps
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer AppsJie Bao
 
The culture of researchData
The culture of researchData The culture of researchData
The culture of researchData TheContentMine
 
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the LiteratureAutomatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literaturepetermurrayrust
 
What to expect when you are visualizing
What to expect when you are visualizingWhat to expect when you are visualizing
What to expect when you are visualizingKrist Wongsuphasawat
 

What's hot (20)

Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
 
Elsevier - Labs on Line
Elsevier - Labs on Line Elsevier - Labs on Line
Elsevier - Labs on Line
 
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSSOpen software and knowledge for MIOSS
Open software and knowledge for MIOSS
 
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...
Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Execu...
 
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the LiteratureAutomatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
 
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation
Disseminating Research and Managing Your Online Reputation
 
Data, data, data
Data, data, dataData, data, data
Data, data, data
 
Unknown Unknowns
Unknown UnknownsUnknown Unknowns
Unknown Unknowns
 
A History Of First Search Engine S
A History Of First Search Engine SA History Of First Search Engine S
A History Of First Search Engine S
 
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
 
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.
Professor Hendrik Speck - E*Lobbying. Elobbying.
 
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)
Elsevier/Maryland Publishing Connect - 14_0331 (pdf)
 
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...
Using Visualizations to Monitor Changes and Harvest Insights from a Global-sc...
 
Challenges in-archiving-twitter
Challenges in-archiving-twitterChallenges in-archiving-twitter
Challenges in-archiving-twitter
 
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literatureAmanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
Amanuens.is HUmans and machines annotating scholarly literature
 
Super Searcher
Super SearcherSuper Searcher
Super Searcher
 
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer Apps
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer AppsSemantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer Apps
Semantic Web: In Quest for the Next Generation Killer Apps
 
The culture of researchData
The culture of researchData The culture of researchData
The culture of researchData
 
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the LiteratureAutomatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
Automatic Extraction of Knowledge from the Literature
 
What to expect when you are visualizing
What to expect when you are visualizingWhat to expect when you are visualizing
What to expect when you are visualizing
 

Viewers also liked

Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessa
Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessaSosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessa
Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessaKim Holmberg
 
From Library 2.0 to Library 3D
From Library 2.0 to Library 3DFrom Library 2.0 to Library 3D
From Library 2.0 to Library 3DKim Holmberg
 
The impact of retweeting on altmetrics
The impact of retweeting on altmetricsThe impact of retweeting on altmetrics
The impact of retweeting on altmetricsKim Holmberg
 
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analys
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analysSociala medier - användning, trender och analys
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analysKim Holmberg
 
Hur IKT förändrar skolan
Hur IKT förändrar skolanHur IKT förändrar skolan
Hur IKT förändrar skolanKim Holmberg
 
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...Kim Holmberg
 
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly Communication
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly CommunicationDisciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly Communication
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly CommunicationKim Holmberg
 
Sociala medier och biblioteket
Sociala medier och biblioteketSociala medier och biblioteket
Sociala medier och biblioteketKim Holmberg
 

Viewers also liked (8)

Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessa
Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessaSosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessa
Sosiaalinen media elinkeinopolitiikan toteuttamisessa
 
From Library 2.0 to Library 3D
From Library 2.0 to Library 3DFrom Library 2.0 to Library 3D
From Library 2.0 to Library 3D
 
The impact of retweeting on altmetrics
The impact of retweeting on altmetricsThe impact of retweeting on altmetrics
The impact of retweeting on altmetrics
 
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analys
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analysSociala medier - användning, trender och analys
Sociala medier - användning, trender och analys
 
Hur IKT förändrar skolan
Hur IKT förändrar skolanHur IKT förändrar skolan
Hur IKT förändrar skolan
 
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...
Analyzing the climate change debate on Twitter – content and differences bet...
 
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly Communication
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly CommunicationDisciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly Communication
Disciplinary Differences in Twitter Scholarly Communication
 
Sociala medier och biblioteket
Sociala medier och biblioteketSociala medier och biblioteket
Sociala medier och biblioteket
 

Similar to Conducting Twitter Reserch

myExperiment @ Nettab
myExperiment @ NettabmyExperiment @ Nettab
myExperiment @ NettabDuncan Hull
 
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...suelibrarian
 
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchers
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchersScience dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchers
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchersXavier Lasauca i Cisa
 
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...Xavier Lasauca i Cisa
 
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...Andy Tattersall
 
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ Deloitte
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ DeloitteInformation Extraction from Text, presented @ Deloitte
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ DeloitteDeep Kayal
 
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platform
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platformText mining on Twitter information based on R platform
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platformFayan TAO
 
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8Scott Edmunds
 
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and Remedy
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and RemedyHIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and Remedy
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and RemedyPRELIDA Project
 
Social Media and Scientific Research How Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...
Social Media and Scientific ResearchHow Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...Social Media and Scientific ResearchHow Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...
Social Media and Scientific Research How Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...Darrell W. Gunter
 
Twitter research overview
Twitter research overviewTwitter research overview
Twitter research overviewKatrin Weller
 
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)    Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University) Vashti Zarach
 
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshop
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media WorkshopUW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshop
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshopsharstoer
 
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)Efthimios Tambouris
 
What happen after crawling big data?
What happen after crawling big data?What happen after crawling big data?
What happen after crawling big data?jcarpioc
 
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...Katja Reuter, PhD
 

Similar to Conducting Twitter Reserch (20)

myExperiment @ Nettab
myExperiment @ NettabmyExperiment @ Nettab
myExperiment @ Nettab
 
Mike Thelwall: Introduction to Webometrics
Mike Thelwall: Introduction to WebometricsMike Thelwall: Introduction to Webometrics
Mike Thelwall: Introduction to Webometrics
 
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...
Keeping up: strategic use of online social networks for librarian current awa...
 
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchers
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchersScience dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchers
Science dissemination 2.0: Social media for researchers
 
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...
Social media for researchers: Increase your research competitiveness using We...
 
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...
Stepping out of the echo chamber - Alternative indicators of scholarly commun...
 
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ Deloitte
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ DeloitteInformation Extraction from Text, presented @ Deloitte
Information Extraction from Text, presented @ Deloitte
 
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platform
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platformText mining on Twitter information based on R platform
Text mining on Twitter information based on R platform
 
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8
HKU Data Curation MLIM7350 Class 8
 
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and Remedy
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and RemedyHIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and Remedy
HIBERLINK: Reference Rot and Linked Data: Threat and Remedy
 
Social Media and Scientific Research How Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...
Social Media and Scientific ResearchHow Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...Social Media and Scientific ResearchHow Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...
Social Media and Scientific Research How Semantic Technologies Enhance Colla...
 
Twitter research overview
Twitter research overviewTwitter research overview
Twitter research overview
 
Roar Presentation To School Of Psychology
Roar Presentation To School Of PsychologyRoar Presentation To School Of Psychology
Roar Presentation To School Of Psychology
 
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)    Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)
Information Skills: 3. Social Media (Natural Sciences, Bangor University)
 
Condor3
Condor3 Condor3
Condor3
 
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshop
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media WorkshopUW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshop
UW President's Summit 2011 - Social Media Workshop
 
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)
Big data in social sciences and IT developments (ethics considerations)
 
What happen after crawling big data?
What happen after crawling big data?What happen after crawling big data?
What happen after crawling big data?
 
Twitter analytics
Twitter analyticsTwitter analytics
Twitter analytics
 
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...
Disseminating Scientific Research via Twitter: Research Evidence and Practica...
 

More from Kim Holmberg

Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in Finland
Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in FinlandAltmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in Finland
Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in FinlandKim Holmberg
 
Measuring the societal impact of open science
Measuring the societal impact of open scienceMeasuring the societal impact of open science
Measuring the societal impact of open scienceKim Holmberg
 
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...Kim Holmberg
 
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activities
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activitiesAltmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activities
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activitiesKim Holmberg
 
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...Kim Holmberg
 
Hur IT förändrar skolan
Hur IT förändrar skolanHur IT förändrar skolan
Hur IT förändrar skolanKim Holmberg
 
Identifying rumours on Twitter
Identifying rumours on TwitterIdentifying rumours on Twitter
Identifying rumours on TwitterKim Holmberg
 
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC report
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC reportCombining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC report
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC reportKim Holmberg
 
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...Kim Holmberg
 
Information Strategies
Information StrategiesInformation Strategies
Information StrategiesKim Holmberg
 
Sociala medier i undervisning
Sociala medier i undervisningSociala medier i undervisning
Sociala medier i undervisningKim Holmberg
 
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web space
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web spaceCo-inlinking to a municipal Web space
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web spaceKim Holmberg
 
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössä
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössäSosiaalinen media yritysten käytössä
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössäKim Holmberg
 
From Library 2.0 To Library 3D
From Library 2.0 To Library 3DFrom Library 2.0 To Library 3D
From Library 2.0 To Library 3DKim Holmberg
 
Avatarit opiskelijoina
Avatarit opiskelijoinaAvatarit opiskelijoina
Avatarit opiskelijoinaKim Holmberg
 
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysisLocal government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysisKim Holmberg
 

More from Kim Holmberg (17)

Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in Finland
Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in FinlandAltmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in Finland
Altmetrics and research profiles for 10 universities in Finland
 
Measuring the societal impact of open science
Measuring the societal impact of open scienceMeasuring the societal impact of open science
Measuring the societal impact of open science
 
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...
Drivers of higher education institutions’ visibility: a study of UK HEIs soci...
 
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activities
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activitiesAltmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activities
Altmetrics - Measuring the impact of scientific activities
 
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...
Measuring the societal impact of open science (1st presentation of a research...
 
Hur IT förändrar skolan
Hur IT förändrar skolanHur IT förändrar skolan
Hur IT förändrar skolan
 
Identifying rumours on Twitter
Identifying rumours on TwitterIdentifying rumours on Twitter
Identifying rumours on Twitter
 
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC report
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC reportCombining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC report
Combining network structures and meanings: Tweeting over the IPCC report
 
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...
The conceptual landscape of iSchools: Examining current research interests of...
 
Information Strategies
Information StrategiesInformation Strategies
Information Strategies
 
Sociala medier i undervisning
Sociala medier i undervisningSociala medier i undervisning
Sociala medier i undervisning
 
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web space
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web spaceCo-inlinking to a municipal Web space
Co-inlinking to a municipal Web space
 
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössä
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössäSosiaalinen media yritysten käytössä
Sosiaalinen media yritysten käytössä
 
From Library 2.0 To Library 3D
From Library 2.0 To Library 3DFrom Library 2.0 To Library 3D
From Library 2.0 To Library 3D
 
Library 2.0
Library 2.0Library 2.0
Library 2.0
 
Avatarit opiskelijoina
Avatarit opiskelijoinaAvatarit opiskelijoina
Avatarit opiskelijoina
 
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysisLocal government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis
Local government web sites in Finland: A geographic and webometric analysis
 

Recently uploaded

ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptxADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptxAKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaPrince Armah, PhD
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...EduSkills OECD
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 
skeletal system complete details with joints and its types
skeletal system complete details with joints and its typesskeletal system complete details with joints and its types
skeletal system complete details with joints and its typesMinaxi patil. CATALLYST
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfKonstantina Koutsodimou
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Rabiya Husain
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdfAynouraHamidova
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesGauri S
 
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...MohonDas
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsDr.M.Geethavani
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSDr.M.Geethavani
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptxADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS  method.pptx
ADAPTABILITY, Types of Adaptability AND STABILITY ANALYSIS method.pptx
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
 
Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 
skeletal system complete details with joints and its types
skeletal system complete details with joints and its typesskeletal system complete details with joints and its types
skeletal system complete details with joints and its types
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
 
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
11 CI SINIF SINAQLARI - 5-2023-Aynura-Hamidova.pdf
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
 
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future- Wheat, Rice...
 
ThinkTech 2024 Prelims- U25 BizTech Quiz by Pragya
ThinkTech 2024 Prelims- U25 BizTech Quiz by PragyaThinkTech 2024 Prelims- U25 BizTech Quiz by Pragya
ThinkTech 2024 Prelims- U25 BizTech Quiz by Pragya
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Language Class X Handwritten Notes
 
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
BEZA or Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority recruitment exam question solution...
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
 

Conducting Twitter Reserch

  • 1. ASIST Webinar 12/2013 Conducting Twitter Research Kim Holmberg, PhD Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group University of Wolverhampton, UK (e) kim.holmberg@abo.fi (w3) http://kimholmberg.fi
  • 2. Cascades, Islands, or Streams? Time, Topic, and Scholarly Activities in Humanities and Social Science Research Indiana University, Bloomington, USA University of Wolverhampton, UK Université de Montréal, Canada
  • 3. Cascades, Islands, or Streams? Integrate several datasets representing a broad range of scholarly activities Use methodological and data triangulation to explore the lifecycle of topics within and across a range of scholarly activities Develop transparent tools and techniques to enable future predictive analyses
  • 4. I’m preparing slides for an #ASIST #webinar
  • 5. DATA COLLECTION Webometric Analyst, for data collection via Twitter’s API, data cleaning and analysis http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/ For detailed instructions visit http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/searcher/twitter.htm
  • 6. DATA COLLECTION Other data collection tools Twitter Archiving Google Spreadsheet (TAGS) http://mashe.hawksey.info/2013/02/twitter-archive-tagsv5/ HootSuite http://hootsuite.com/ Or you can write your own script: https://dev.twitter.com/ http://140dev.com/free-twitter-api-source-code-library/twitter-database-server/
  • 8. DATA EXTRACTION Use Webometric Analyst to sort the data and depending on your research goals, to extract URLs, hashtags or usernames or to remove stopwords from the tweets
  • 9. ETHICS Data collected from social media sites is openly available on the web, hence it is already fully public and does not raise any ethical concerns (Wilkinson & Thelwall, 2011). However, in some cases the content of the tweets, blog entries or comments collected may contain identifiable, sensitive information. Although already public, publicizing such information by discussing it in an academic article could potentially have unwanted side-effects. Hence, one must consider to anonymise all data and treate it confidentially. Wilkinson, D. & Thelwall, M. (2011). Researching personal information on the public Web: Methods and ethics, Social Science Computer Review, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 387-401.
  • 10. What can we research? 1 1. Networks (users, words, topics, …) 2 2. Content (tweets, RTs, hashtags, …)
  • 11. FIRST STEPS Step 1. What do you want to research? Step 2. Collect tweets that are relevant for your research questions Step 3. Sort and clean the tweets (e.g. tweets vs. retweets, remove tweets in other languages, remove spam, remove false positives, ...) Step 4. Extract the data that you need (e.g. tweeters, usernames mentioned, hashtags, URLs, ...) 1 2
  • 12. 1 NETWORK ANALYSIS Possible research questions: How different communities related to A are in connection to each other? Who is most central/influential (has most connections) in a certain network of tweeters? How information is disseminated in the network? Who the actors involved in a certain network are? What kind of local communities are there in a certain network and what do those communities represent? and many more...
  • 14. CREATE THE NETWORK ALTERNATIVE 1 This creates a network file (.net) based on the connections between tweeters and those they mention (@username) in their tweets. Detailed instructions on how to create and analyze conversational networks on Twitter are available at: http://lexiurl.wlv.ac.uk/searcher/twitterC onversationNetworks.html
  • 15. CREATE THE NETWORK ALTERNATIVE 2 Sort the data Then convert the data into a network file Source Username1 Username1 Username2 Username3 Username3 Username3 Target Username2 Username3 Username3 Username1 Username2 Username4
  • 16. OBJECTS OF ANALYSIS 1. An actors (person, group, organisation, word, etc.) position in the network 2. Structure of the network (in relation to other networks) or subnetworks (clusters)
  • 17. AN ACTORS POSITION Degree centrality Used to locate actors with influence in the network or those that are in a position where they can spread information in the network. Can be divided into in- and outdegree. How many other actors can this actor reach directly? Other often used centrality measures: closeness, betweenness, Eigen-vector
  • 18. NETWORK STRUCTURE Communities in the network Tells something about the structure of the network and how the different actors are spread and connected to each other in the network
  • 19. NETWORK ANALYSIS - tools of the trade Gephi (for network visualizations) http://gephi.org/ Ucinet (for network analysis and visualization) https://sites.google.com/site/ucinetsoftware/ Pajek (for network analysis and visualization) http://pajek.imfm.si/doku.php
  • 20. Analyzing astrophysicists’ conversational connections on Twitter Holmberg, Haustein, Bowman & Peters (work in progress) Communities detected based on the conversational connections in astrophysicists’ tweets
  • 21. Analyzing astrophysicists’ conversational connections on Twitter Holmberg, Haustein, Bowman & Peters (work in progress) 100 % 7.4 90 % 4.4 0.0 2.9 2.9 80 % 13.2 70 % 5.9 60 % 4.4 2.9 6.7 3.3 16.7 4.5 7.8 1.1 0.6 3.3 12.5 16.7 13.3 5.7 10.2 3.4 17.5 9.2 0.9 2.8 0.9 1.1 19.3 20 % Amateur astronomer Teacher or educator 0.0 5.0 0.0 2.5 7.5 12.5 33.3 46.7 27.2 Corporative Organization or association 36.7 Science communicator 0.6 4.4 0.0 10 % Other 11.4 18.2 47.1 Unknown 13.8 26.7 40 % 33.3 40.0 50 % 30 % 0.0 10.1 0.0 0.0 Other researchers 0.9 3.7 13.3 13.8 8.0 5.7 2.5 5.0 6.7 Mod1 (n=88) Mod2 (n=40) Mod3 (n=180) Mod4 (n=30) Mod5 (n=109) Researcher 7.3 Mod0 (n=68) Other astrophysicists 33.3 12.5 8.8 Students 0% Mod6 (n=3) Percentage of people with different roles in the 7 communities
  • 22. Climate change on Twitter: topics, communities and conversations about the IPCC Pearce, Holmberg, Hellsten & Nerlich (under review). Three groups coded based on their stance to climate change: • Convinced • Skeptic • Neutral
  • 23. 1 NETWORK ANALYSIS Summary Step 4. Extract the data that you need (e.g. Tweeters and the usernames they mentioned, following or followers lists, ...) Step 5. Convert your data into a network file Step 6. Visualize the network and analyse In addition you may want to run some social network analysis on the network (e.g. centrality) or code the actors according to suitable titles (e.g. work roles, opinion about something, etc.)
  • 24. 2 CONTENT ANALYSIS Possible research questions: How is topic A discussed on Twitter? How certain activities on Twitter correlate with offline activities? How popular is A compared with B, based on visibility on Twitter? What is the public opinion (of tweeters) about A? What are tweeters saying about A? and many more...
  • 28. CONTENT ANALYSIS - manual coding Positive-Neutral-Negative Scientific-Not scientific-Not clear Skeptic-Convinced-Neutral Personal-Work related Astrophysics-Biochemistry-Cheminformatics ... Pro something-Against something and many more depending on your research goals...
  • 29. Holmberg, K. & Thelwall, M. (2013). Disciplinary differences in Twitter scholarly communication. In the Proceedings of 14th International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics conference, 2013, Vienna, Austria. Available at: http://issi2013.org/proceedings.html. 40% 35% 5 30% 25% 7 Other 20% 3.5 Links 3.5 7.5 15% Conversations Retweets 10 3 10% 3 18 3 0.5 8.5 6.5 0% Astrophysics Biochemistry Digital humanities 1.5 5 4.5 0 1 5% 0.5 1 Economics History of science Scientific content of the tweets by communication type
  • 30. CONTENT ANALYSIS - tools of the trade VOSviewer (to extract noun-phrases from tweets) http://www.vosviewer.com/ BibExcel (for co-word analysis) http://www8.umu.se/inforsk/Bibexcel/ Notepad++ (to search and replace in your data) http://notepad-plus-plus.org/ Screaming Frog SEO Spider (to decode short urls) http://www.screamingfrog.co.uk/seo-spider/
  • 31. Noun-phrases from one of the communities Analyzing astrophysicists’ conversational connections on Twitter Holmberg, Haustein, Bowman & Peters (work in progress)
  • 32. TIME SERIES - tools of the trade Mozdeh (Persian for Good news) Visit http://mozdeh.wlv.ac.uk/index.html for free download and instructions
  • 33. TIME SERIES Pearce, Holmberg, Hellsten & Nerlich (under review). Climate change on Twitter: topics, communities and conversations about the IPCC.
  • 34. The Next Pope? 699,337 tweets collected between February 12, 2013 and March 11, 2013.
  • 35. Pope Francis - Jorge Mario Bergoglio Was mentioned in 9 tweets...
  • 36. ONLINE/OFFLINE CORRELATIONS Comparison of Twitter and publication activity and impact • publications and tweets per day: ρ=−0.339* • citation rate and tweets per day: ρ=−0.457** Haustein, Bowman, Holmberg, Larivière, & Peters, (under review). Astrophysicists on Twitter: An in-depth analysis of tweeting and scientific publication behavior.
  • 37. ONLINE/OFFLINE CORRELATIONS Overall similarity between abstracts and tweets is low • cosine=0.081 • 4.1% of 50,854 tweet NPs in abstracts • 16.0% of 12,970 abstract NPs in tweets Haustein, Bowman, Holmberg, Larivière, & Peters, (under review). Astrophysicists on Twitter: An in-depth analysis of tweeting and scientific publication behavior.
  • 38. 2 CONTENT ANALYSIS Summary Step 4. Extract the data that you need (e.g. hashtags, usernames, original tweets, ...) And then, depending on your research goals: Step 5A. Analyze frequencies (e.g. most used hashtags, etc.) Step 5B. Classify the tweets manually Step 5C. Extract the noun phrases and create a co-mention network of them with VOSviewer Step 5D. Analyze time series of certain word/hashtag occurrences Step 5E. Run sentiment analysis on the tweets
  • 40. During this hour over 20,820,000 tweets were sent
  • 41. Thank you for your attention Kim Holmberg Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group University of Wolverhampton, UK kim.holmberg@abo.fi http://kimholmberg.fi @kholmber Acknowledgements This presentation is based upon work supported by the international funding initiative Digging into Data. Specifically, funding comes from the National Science Foundation in the United States (Grant No. 1208804), JISC in the United Kingdom, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.