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Copyright Clarity PETE & C 2010

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Copyright Clarity PETE & C 2010

  1. 1. Conquring Copyright Confusion: The Future of intellectual property in a Remix Generation PETE & C 2010 Kristin Hokanson http://ning.peteandc.org/profile/KristinHokanson
  2. 2. Image: 'fuzzy copyright' www.flickr.com/photos/58764797@N00/1384247192
  3. 3. To promote creativity, innovation and the spread of knowledge Article 1 Section 8 U.S. Constitution, 1787
  4. 4. To promote creativity, innovation and the spread of knowledge Article 1 Section 8 U.S. Constitution, 1787
  5. 5. The Result Copyright Confusion
  6. 6. Copyright Law Balances Rights of Owners and Users OWNERS USERS
  7. 7. What are you teaching your students about... • Copyright • Exemption (Fair Use) • Public Domain • Creative Commons
  8. 8. How do teachers cope?
  9. 9. How do teachers cope? See no Evil
  10. 10. How do teachers cope? See no Evil Close the Door
  11. 11. How do teachers cope? See no Evil Close the Door Hyper-Comply
  12. 12. It’s time to replace old knowledge
  13. 13. It’s time to replace old knowledge with accurate knowledge
  14. 14. The Doctrine of Fair Use --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  15. 15. The Doctrine of Fair Use Criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, research … but also many forms of creative work that advance and spread innovation --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  16. 16. The Doctrine of Fair Use --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  17. 17. The Doctrine of Fair Use Fair use of copyrighted materials is allowed when the benefits to society outweigh the private costs to the copyright holder --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  18. 18. The Doctrine of Fair Use Fair use of copyrighted materials is Fair use prevents allowed when the benefits to society copyright law from becoming outweigh the private costs a form of to the copyright holder private censorship --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  19. 19. The effective use of copyrighted materials enhances the teaching and learning process.
  20. 20. Context & Situation
  21. 21. Is this Use of Copyrighted Materials a Fair Use? •Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original?  •Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?
  22. 22. Bill Graham Archives vs. Dorling Kindersley, Ltd. (2006)
  23. 23. An Example of Transformative Use The purpose of the original: to generate publicity for a concert The
purpose
of
the
new
work:
 to
document
and
illustrate
the
 concert
events
in
historical
 context
  24. 24. Range of comfort with use of Copyrighted materials
  25. 25. Range of comfort with use of Copyrighted materials See no Evil
  26. 26. Range of comfort with use of Copyrighted materials See no Evil Close the Door
  27. 27. Range of comfort with use of Copyrighted materials See no Evil Close the Door Hyper-Comply
  28. 28. Educational Fair Use Guidelines
  29. 29. The effective use of copyrighted materials enhances the teaching and learning process.
  30. 30. Does following “rules” for Educational Guidelines require students to think critically about the Copyrighted materials they are using?
  31. 31. Does following “rules” for Educational Guidelines require students to think critically about the Copyrighted materials they are using?
  32. 32. Excerpts from: http://www.ted.com/talks/larry_lessig_says_the_law_is_strangling_creativity.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPAO-lZ4_hU An anthropological introduction to YouTube
  33. 33. Creative Commons
  34. 34. We need to rethink a few things... “We’re changing what it would mean to be a creator just at the time that technology is enabling anybody to be a creator. So, just when it matters most, the law steps in and destroys the opportunity...” — Prof. Lawrence Lessig
  35. 35. Does requiring students to use ONLY Creative Commons content require students to think critically about the Copyrighted materials they are using?
  36. 36. Does requiring students to use ONLY Creative Commons content require students to think critically about the Copyrighted materials they are using?
  37. 37. Codes of Best Practices
  38. 38. Codes of Best Practices
  39. 39. Codes of Best Practices
  40. 40. Codes of Best Practices
  41. 41. Codes of Best Practices
  42. 42. http://mediaeducationlab.com/video-overview
  43. 43. Context & Situation • A team of elementary educators shows the Disney movie The Little Mermaid to three classes of Grade 3 students on the day before winter break in the school auditorium.
  44. 44. Fair Use Reasoning tells me... • Claim Fair Use • Ask permission • Buy a License • Use another Copyright Friendly source
  45. 45. Discuss
  46. 46. Fair Use Reasoning tells me... • Claim Fair Use • Ask permission • Buy a License • Use another Copyright Friendly source
  47. 47. Practice exercising your Fair Use Muscles... •Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from the copyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of the original, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as the original?  •Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering the nature of the copyrighted work and of the use?
  48. 48. Teach kids to reason
  49. 49. Video Case Studies Elementary School Case Study: P.S. 124 The Silas B. Dutcher School Brooklyn, NY High School Case Study: Upper Merion Area High School King of Prussia, PA College Case Study: Project Look Sharp at Ithaca College Ithaca, NY
  50. 50. Other Examples?

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