Copyright Clarity #NYSCATE11

856 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
856
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Copyright Clarity #NYSCATE11

  1. 1. Copyright Clarity... Fair Use for Digital learning Kristin Hokanson
  2. 2. Goals★ Gain knowledge about how copyright and fair use apply to digital learning.★ Develop confidence in sharing information and ideas about copyright/fair use with colleagues.★ Recognize how media literacy pedagogy depends on the use of copyrighted materials from mass media and popular culture★ Identify resources for teaching about copyright and fair use that are effective with students and colleagues
  3. 3. ways that students use copyrighted materials in theircreative & academic work
  4. 4. Illustration Digital StorytellingCritical Analysis Remix What makes these effective learning experiences for students?
  5. 5. Technology makes it easy to:ü Use and shareü Copyü Modify & Repurposeü Excerpt & Quote Fromü Distribute
  6. 6. Owners forcefully assert their rights to:ü Restrictü Limitü Charge high feesü Discourage useü Use scare tactics
  7. 7. How do Teachers Cope?See no Evil Close the Door Hyper-Comply
  8. 8. Image: fuzzy copyrightwww.flickr.com/photos/58764797@N00/1384247192
  9. 9. It’s time toreplace oldknowledgewithaccurateknowledge
  10. 10. To promote creativity,innovation and the spread ofknowledge Article 1 Section 8 U.S. Constitution, 1787
  11. 11. EVERYTHINGIS COPYRIGHTED
  12. 12. Crea%ve  Control The Copyright Act grants five rights to a copyright owner: 1. the right to reproduce the copyrighted work; 2. the right to prepare derivative works based upon the work; 3. the right to distribute copies of the work to the public; 4. the right to perform the copyrighted work publicly; and 5. the right to display the copyrighted work publicly.
  13. 13. The ResultCopyright Confusion
  14. 14. Copyright Law Balances Rights of Owners and UsersOWNERS USERS
  15. 15. EVERYTHING IS COPYRIGHTED…BUT THERE ARE EXEMPTIONS
  16. 16. The Doctrine of Fair Use --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  17. 17. The  Doctrine  of  Fair  Use For  purposes  such  as   cri%cism,  comment,  news  repor%ng,  teaching   --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  18. 18. The Doctrine of Fair Use Fair use of copyrighted materials is Fair use prevents allowed when the benefits to society copyright law from becoming outweigh the private costs a form of to the copyright holder private censorship --Section 107 Copyright Act of 1976
  19. 19. The  Doctrine  of  Fair  Use“It not only allows but encourages socially beneficial uses ofcopyrighted works such as teaching, learning, and scholarship.Without fair use, those beneficial uses— quoting from copyrightedworks, providing multiple copies to students in class, creating newknowledge based on previously published knowledge—would beinfringements. Fair use is the means for assuring a robust andvigorous exchange of copyrighted information.” --Carrie Russell, American Library Association
  20. 20. The effective use of copyrightedmaterials enhances the teaching and learning process.
  21. 21. Context & Situation
  22. 22. Is this Use of Copyrighted Materials a Fair Use?•Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from thecopyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of theoriginal, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as theoriginal? •Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering thenature of the copyrighted work and of the use?
  23. 23. Bill Graham Archives vs. Dorling Kindersley, Ltd. (2006)
  24. 24. An Example of Transformative Use The purpose of the original: to generate publicity for a concert The purpose of the new work: to document and illustrate the concert events in historical context
  25. 25. Educational Fair Use Guidelines
  26. 26. The effective use of copyrightedmaterials enhances the teaching and learning process.
  27. 27. Does following “rules” for Educational Guidelines require students to think critically about theCopyrighted materials they are using?
  28. 28. Does following “rules” for Educational Guidelines require students to think critically about theCopyrighted materials they are using?
  29. 29. Excerpts from: http://www.ted.com/talks/larry_lessig_says_the_law_is_strangling_creativity.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPAO-lZ4_hU An anthropological introduction to YouTube
  30. 30. Does requiring students to use ONLY Creative Commons content require students to think critically about theCopyrighted materials they are using?
  31. 31. Does requiring students to use ONLY Creative Commons content require students to think critically about theCopyrighted materials they are using?
  32. 32. Codes of Best Practices
  33. 33. http://mediaeducationlab.com/video-overview
  34. 34. Context & SituationA team of elementary educatorsshows the Disney movie The LittleMermaid to three classes of Grade 3students on the day before winterbreak in the school auditorium.
  35. 35. Fair Use Reasoning tells me...• Claim Fair Use• Ask permission• Buy a License• Use another Copyright Friendly source
  36. 36. Context & SituationA team of elementary educatorsshows the Disney movie The LittleMermaid to three classes of Grade 3students on the day before winterbreak in the school auditorium.
  37. 37. Discuss
  38. 38. Practice exercising your Fair Use Muscles...•Did the unlicensed use “transform” the material taken from thecopyrighted work by using it for a different purpose than that of theoriginal, or did it just repeat the work for the same intent and value as theoriginal? •Was the material taken appropriate in kind and amount, considering thenature of the copyrighted work and of the use?
  39. 39. Fair Use Reasoning tells me...• Claim Fair Use• Ask permission• Buy a License• Use another Copyright Friendly source
  40. 40. Teach kids to reason http://copyrightconfusion.wikispaces.com
  41. 41. Other Resources http://mediaeducationlab.com
  42. 42. Other Examples?
  43. 43. Video Case Studies Elementary School Case Study: P.S. 124 The Silas B. Dutcher School Brooklyn, NY High School Case Study: Upper Merion Area High School King of Prussia, PA College Case Study: Project Look Sharp at Ithaca College Ithaca, NY
  44. 44. 56
  45. 45. 57
  46. 46. 58
  47. 47. 59
  48. 48. 60
  49. 49. 61
  50. 50. 62
  51. 51. 63
  52. 52. 64
  53. 53. 65
  54. 54. But what if....
  55. 55. 67
  56. 56. 68
  57. 57. 69
  58. 58. 70
  59. 59. 71
  60. 60. 72
  61. 61. 73
  62. 62. 74
  63. 63. 75
  64. 64. Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 19981. RIPPING.  Criminalizes  the  use  of  technology,  devices,  or  services  intended  to  circumvent  digital  rights   management  (DRM)  soBware  that  controls  access  to  copyrighted  works.  2. ONLINE  TAKEDOWNS.  Protects  Internet  Service  Providers  against  copyright  liability  if  they  promptly  block   access  to  allegedly  infringing  material  (or  remove  such  material  from  their  systems)  if  no%fied  by  copyright   holder;  offers  a  counter-­‐no%fica%on  provision  if  use  is  exempted  under  fair  use  
  65. 65. The Results of our AdvocacyUsers may unlock DVDs protected by the Content ScramblingSystem when circumvention is for the purpose of criticism orcomment using short sections, for educational, documentary ornon-profit use.
  66. 66. Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 19981. RIPPING.  Criminalizes  the  use  of  technology,  devices,  or  services  intended  to  circumvent  digital  rights   management  (DRM)  soBware  that  controls  access  to  copyrighted  works.  2. ONLINE  TAKEDOWNS.  Protects  Internet  Service  Providers  against  copyright  liability  if  they  promptly  block   access  to  allegedly  infringing  material  (or  remove  such  material  from  their  systems)  if  no%fied  by  copyright   holder;  offers  a  counter-­‐no%fica%on  provision  if  use  is  exempted  under  fair  use  
  67. 67. Join our Online Community http://copyrightconfusion.wikispaces.comvisit the Media Education Lab for teaching resources & to download The Code of Best Practices http://mediaeducationlab.com/copyright CONTACT ME- with your stories Kristin Hokanson kristin.hokanson@gmail.com http://khokanson.net

×