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Although these differences are quite small, they do tell us something about the stepfamily structure1r. Grades earned in school, grades completed, scores on achievement tests, school attendance2r. To establish independent households, possibly due to higher dropout rates3r. Such as depression and emotional problems4r. Using drugs, alcohol, engaging in sexual intercourse, nonmarital childbearing, aggressive behavior, and being arrested
HDFS 472 PowerPoint
Stepfamily Issues and Rights<br />Mary Kay Altenburg<br />Kelsey Hodge<br />Laura Shane<br />Cori Mansfield<br />
Stepfamily Relationships<br />Historical Development<br />Pathways to Stepfamily Life<br />Media Coverage<br />Implications for Families<br />Federal and State Responses<br />Recommendations for Change<br /> Introduction<br />
Death (not divorce) was the original path to stepfamily formation<br />Imbedded inheritance issue<br />Legal adoption by a stepparent<br />In modern times, divorce is the most common path to stepfamily formation<br /> Historical Perspective<br />
Divorce (Most Common)<br />Bereavement<br />Never-Married Parents<br />At least one partner must have a child from a previous relationship <br />Pathways to Stepfamily Life<br />Bereavement<br />Never-Married<br />Divorce<br /> Remarriage/<br /> Stepfamily<br />Never-Married<br />Divorce<br />Bereavement<br />
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6SdCDpvTnw<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ki5GyO0tRWc<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4W5VfT4qMYw&feature=related<br />Stepfamilies in the Media<br />
Paths by which individuals find themselves in stepfamilies have important implications for stepfamily dynamics<br />Social<br />Political<br />Legal <br />Economic<br />Ethical<br />Implications for Families<br />
Stepfamily living can have positive and negative effects on all family members<br />Negative:<br />Children in stepfamilies on average:<br />Do not achieve as well as children living with both parents academically<br />Are more likely to leave home at a younger age<br />Exhibit more internalizing behaviorproblems<br />Exhibit more externalizing behavior problems as adolescents <br />Have more peer problems and prosocial behavior problems<br />Social Implications for Stepfamiiles<br />
Federal and State Responses<br />No federal policies regarding stepparent or stepchild visitation rights<br />Each state determines own policies<br />In most states, stepparents have few legal rights<br />Stepchildren are not recognized as dependents<br />
Federal Policy<br />Policies relating to economics<br />Inconsistent<br />
CURRENT STATE POLICIES<br />Only 11 of the Fifty states <br />Allow visitation by a Stepparent<br />
State Policy Restrictions<br />Of the eleven states, only four do not have restrictions:<br />Arkansas, Delaware, Kansas, Tennessee<br />California & Illinois: unconstitutional<br />Idaho, Louisiana, Maryland, Pennsylvania: “in loco parentis”<br />Wisconsin: only for surviving spouse<br /> (American Bar Assn., 2009)<br />
NEVADA POLICY<br />Policy is written for “third party” visitation rights <br />Only Grandparents are granted visitation rights, under specific circumstances <br />Stepparents do not have visitation rights <br /> (American Bar Assn., 2009)<br />