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Compare and Contrast
      Essay
Background information

• It’s an essay that is about two things.

• Compare
- To identify the similarities between two
  things.
• Contrast
- To identify the differences between two
  things.
Block Arrangement
I    Introduction in which you state your purpose
     which is to discuss the differences between
     vacationing in the mountains or at the beach
II  Mountain
    A. Climate
    B. Types of Activities
    C. Location
III Beach
    A. Climate
    B. Types of Activities
    C. Location
IV Conclusion
    - Wrap things up
    - Restate thesis statement
INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH

Generalisation   The two most common places
                 people choose for taking a vacation
                 are the beaches and the
                 mountains.

 Purpose         The purpose of this essay is to
                 compare and contrast between
                 vacationing at beaches and
                 mountains.

                 The three main differences are in
  Thesis
                 terms of climate, types of
  statement
                 activities and locations of
                 beaches and mountains.
BODY PARAGRAPH 1
                 Point 1: Mountains

Topic Sentence                 First is mountains. The
                               three aspects that are
                               going to be discussed are
                               climate, types of activities
                               and location
Climate                         Mountains have a cold
                                 climate.

 Types of                       Snow boarding, mountain
 activities                     climbing, and skiing.
                                Canada is a country
Location                        located in North America
                                and contains many
                                mountain vacation sites.
BODY PARAGRAPH 2
                 Point 2: Beaches

Topic Sentence                Second is beaches. The
                              three aspects that are
                              going to discuss are
                              climate, types of activities
                              and location.
Climate                       Beaches have a warm
                               and hot climate.

 Types of                      Swim, play volleyball,
 activities                    and ride water bikes.

                              Acapulco and Cancun are
Location                      two of the most beautiful
                              beaches in the word.
CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH


Wrap things up    People often choose one of
                  these two options to spend
                  their vacations.




Restate thesis    It depends on what the person
statement         likes; that is what he or she will
                  choose in terms of
                  location, types of activities and
                  climate.
Point-by-Point Arrangement
Organization of the essay (Outline)
5 paragraph essay     Body paragraph 2
                      - Point 2 (compare and
Introduction             contrast)
- Start off with a
  generalisation      Body paragraph 3
  and purpose that    - Point 3 (compare and
  leads to a thesis     contrast)
  statement.
                      Conclusion
Body paragraph 1      - Wrap up everything and
- Point 1 (compare      restate thesis statement.
   & contrast)
Introduction Generalisation, purpose and thesis
             statement.
Body        First difference is climate
paragraph 1 A. Mountains
            B. Beach
Body        Second difference is type of activities
paragraph 2 A. Mountains
            B. Beach
Body        Third difference is the location
paragraph 3 A. Mountains
            B. Beach
Conclusion Wrap up everything and restate thesis
            statement.
INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH
Generalisation     We decide what we are
                   about to eat and how it will
                   affect our bodies.


Purpose            The purpose of this essay is
                   to compare and contrast
                   between eating fresh foods
                   instead of canned foods.

                   The three main differences
Thesis statement   are flavour, health benefits,
                   and cost.
BODY PARAGRAPH 1
                 Point 1: Flavour
Topic sentence            The most notable
                          difference between these
                          two kinds of foods is their
                          flavour.
Fresh Foods               Fresh foods have great
                          flavor and taste because
                          they keep all their natural
                          conditions.
Canned Foods              Canned foods lack a lot
                          of its flavor because
                          there are chemical
                          products added.
BODY PARAGRAPH 2
                 Point 2: Health benefits

Topic sentence                Comparing both types of
                              foods we notice another
                              difference which is the
                              health factor.
Canned Foods                  Canned foods lose some
contrasted to                 of its original nutrients. It
Fresh Foods                   also it has to be tinned
                              with many conservatives
                              and chemicals and can
                              become toxic if
                              consumed too often.
BODY PARAGRAPH 3
                 Point 3: Cost

Topic sentence         Yet another difference
                       between these two types
                       of foods is the cost.
Fresh Foods            Fresh foods are hard to
                       find and take time to
                       prepare.
Canned Foods           Canned foods are much
                       more expensive than
                       fresh foods, but easier to
                       find and prepare.
CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH

Wrap things up     Here are the main three
                   differences between
                   buying fresh foods and
                   buying canned foods.

Restate            As we can see it comes
thesis statement   down to a personal
                   choice based on the
                   amount of money,
                   importance to nutrition
                   and health, and also
                   taste.

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Compare and contrast essay

  • 2. Background information • It’s an essay that is about two things. • Compare - To identify the similarities between two things. • Contrast - To identify the differences between two things.
  • 4. I Introduction in which you state your purpose which is to discuss the differences between vacationing in the mountains or at the beach II Mountain A. Climate B. Types of Activities C. Location III Beach A. Climate B. Types of Activities C. Location IV Conclusion - Wrap things up - Restate thesis statement
  • 5. INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH Generalisation The two most common places people choose for taking a vacation are the beaches and the mountains. Purpose The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast between vacationing at beaches and mountains. The three main differences are in Thesis terms of climate, types of statement activities and locations of beaches and mountains.
  • 6. BODY PARAGRAPH 1 Point 1: Mountains Topic Sentence First is mountains. The three aspects that are going to be discussed are climate, types of activities and location Climate Mountains have a cold climate. Types of Snow boarding, mountain activities climbing, and skiing. Canada is a country Location located in North America and contains many mountain vacation sites.
  • 7. BODY PARAGRAPH 2 Point 2: Beaches Topic Sentence Second is beaches. The three aspects that are going to discuss are climate, types of activities and location. Climate Beaches have a warm and hot climate. Types of Swim, play volleyball, activities and ride water bikes. Acapulco and Cancun are Location two of the most beautiful beaches in the word.
  • 8. CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH Wrap things up People often choose one of these two options to spend their vacations. Restate thesis It depends on what the person statement likes; that is what he or she will choose in terms of location, types of activities and climate.
  • 10. Organization of the essay (Outline) 5 paragraph essay Body paragraph 2 - Point 2 (compare and Introduction contrast) - Start off with a generalisation Body paragraph 3 and purpose that - Point 3 (compare and leads to a thesis contrast) statement. Conclusion Body paragraph 1 - Wrap up everything and - Point 1 (compare restate thesis statement. & contrast)
  • 11. Introduction Generalisation, purpose and thesis statement. Body First difference is climate paragraph 1 A. Mountains B. Beach Body Second difference is type of activities paragraph 2 A. Mountains B. Beach Body Third difference is the location paragraph 3 A. Mountains B. Beach Conclusion Wrap up everything and restate thesis statement.
  • 12. INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH Generalisation We decide what we are about to eat and how it will affect our bodies. Purpose The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast between eating fresh foods instead of canned foods. The three main differences Thesis statement are flavour, health benefits, and cost.
  • 13. BODY PARAGRAPH 1 Point 1: Flavour Topic sentence The most notable difference between these two kinds of foods is their flavour. Fresh Foods Fresh foods have great flavor and taste because they keep all their natural conditions. Canned Foods Canned foods lack a lot of its flavor because there are chemical products added.
  • 14. BODY PARAGRAPH 2 Point 2: Health benefits Topic sentence Comparing both types of foods we notice another difference which is the health factor. Canned Foods Canned foods lose some contrasted to of its original nutrients. It Fresh Foods also it has to be tinned with many conservatives and chemicals and can become toxic if consumed too often.
  • 15. BODY PARAGRAPH 3 Point 3: Cost Topic sentence Yet another difference between these two types of foods is the cost. Fresh Foods Fresh foods are hard to find and take time to prepare. Canned Foods Canned foods are much more expensive than fresh foods, but easier to find and prepare.
  • 16. CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH Wrap things up Here are the main three differences between buying fresh foods and buying canned foods. Restate As we can see it comes thesis statement down to a personal choice based on the amount of money, importance to nutrition and health, and also taste.