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Developing a website


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Developing a website

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Developing a website

  1. 1. Developing a Website Khirulnizam Abd Rahman 0129034614 [email_address]
  2. 2. The old method <ul><li>HTML + HTML editor </li></ul>
  3. 3. The easier method <ul><li>CMS – content management system. </li></ul><ul><li>A content management system ( CMS ) is computer software used to create, edit, manage, and publish content in a consistently organized fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>The content managed may include computer files, image media, audio files, electronic documents, and Web content. </li></ul><ul><li>A Web content management system is a CMS designed to simplify the publication of Web content to Web sites, in particular allowing content creators to submit content without requiring technical knowledge of HTML or the uploading of files. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Joomla? <ul><li>is one of the most popular Open Source Content Management Systems (CMS). </li></ul><ul><li>It enables people from all over the world to create and manage great websites. </li></ul><ul><li>Joomla has easy administration, multiple built-in and add-on features and Joomla users have the opportunity to customize their web pages with Free Joomla templates. </li></ul><ul><li>It is written in the PHP programming language and uses the MySQL database by default. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History <ul><li>Joomla came into being as the result of a fork of Mambo by the development team on August 17, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time, the Mambo name was trademarked by Miro International Pty Ltd, who formed a non-profit foundation with the stated purpose to fund the project and protect it from lawsuits. </li></ul><ul><li>On September 1, 2005 the new name, &quot;Joomla&quot;, which is the English spelling of the Swahili (Arabic: جملة ,and Urdu: جملہ ) word jumla meaning &quot;all together&quot; or &quot;as a whole&quot; was announced. </li></ul><ul><li>The first release of Joomla (Joomla 1.0.0) was announced on September 16, 2005. This was a re-branded release of Mambo combined with other bug and moderate-level security fixes. Joomla version 1.5 was released on January 22, 2008. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Joomla! is used all over the world to power everything from simple, personal homepages to complex corporate web applications. Here are just some of the ways people use joomla software: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate websites or portals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online commerce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small business websites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-profit and organizational websites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate intranets and extranets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal or family homepages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community-based portals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Joomla runs on any platform including Windows, most flavours of Linux, several Unix versions, and the Apple OS/X platform. </li></ul><ul><li>Joomla depends on PHP and the MySQL database to deliver dynamic content. </li></ul><ul><li>It is written in the PHP programming language and uses the MySQL database by default. </li></ul><ul><li>Joomla is licensed under the General Public License (GPL), and is the result of a fork of Mambo. </li></ul><ul><li>The minimum requirements are: </li></ul><ul><li>Apache : 1.x, 2.x and higher </li></ul><ul><li>PHP 4.3 : and higher </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL : 3.23 and higher </li></ul><ul><li>Storage space : 23MB </li></ul>
  8. 8. Requirements to install Joomla <ul><li>To successfully install and use Joomla! you must have a fully operational; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>web server (Apache / IIS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a database (MySQL)and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the server side scripting language PHP together with specific modules that are activated within PHP for MySQL, XML, and Zlib functionality amongst others. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Advantages <ul><li>It is free. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to install. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple to manages. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-programmers also can uses it. </li></ul><ul><li>Joomla has modules, components, and user accounts, as well as many other things. </li></ul><ul><li>With those features you can set up allowances and restrictions to your users; ultimately, this gives you a very strict amount of control over your website. </li></ul><ul><li>If you set it up this way, everything works as you’d like, and nothing will happen or be published that you don’t approve. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Advantages <ul><li>Joomla is a fantastic content management system. Its simple user interface and abundance of help makes it easy for those who have never constructed a website before, but also enough possibilities to challenge the more experienced developer. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many website templates available for you to upload to your Joomla backend. This means you don't have to mess around with html or Dreamweaver to design your site. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements <ul><li>Open Source Content Management System Award Winner Announced. (2006) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Joomla Wins Best PHP Open Source Content Management System.(2007) ‏ </li></ul>
  12. 12. How to use Joomla? <ul><li>First, you have to download Joomla! installer file from . </li></ul><ul><li>Download the quickstart instruction to install Joomla! 1.5 here . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Step 2 : Enter your login information in the Joomla! Administration Login screen: </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Step 3 : If you have installed Joomla through Fantastico or from source with the sample data, you already have a few articles created and published. You can take a look at how they are written and organized in order to learn intuitively some good practices. To see them go to Content, Article Manager from the top admin menu. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Step 4 : There you will see many articles listed in the form of links. Once you click on a link, you enter the Edit mode for an article. When you are done with exploring an article, click on the Close button to exit it. This will discard all changes you have made. Before building our first article, we will clean all the default ones to avoid confusion. For this purpose go back to Content, Article Manager from the top admin menu. Then select all the articles by checking the first radio button in the column and click on the [Trash] button from the top admin menu. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Step 5 : Next we will create our first article &quot;About us&quot;. From the top admin menu, click on [New] .  </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Step 6 : Then make the following changes: Title : About us Alias : (leave it blank) Section : Uncategorized Category : Uncategorized Published : Yes (If it is not published, it will show to the visitors. It will remain only as a draft.) Frontpage : Yes (This will allow it to appear the first page of our site.) In the main text field we will specify the information about our company... After that we would like to place inline our company's logo. For this purpose we click on the image icon at the bottom of the page:  </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Step 7 : Since our logo is not uploaded yet, we click first on the [Upload file] link in the prompted window. First you have to browse your local computer and find the logo. Once the file is found, click on [Start Upload] to upload it.  </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Step 8 : Next you will see an acknowledgement that the file has been successfully uploaded. Now it can be found in the upper part of the window along with the default Joomla images. We click on logo.png (or whatever the name of your logo is) to select it and then on [Insert] to insert it in our article. The logo's position in the article can be easily adjusted by dragging it to where you'd like to have it. At last we save this article by clicking on the [Save] button. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Next we will add the &quot;Our services&quot; page. We will follow the same steps as before: from the top administrator's menu, go to Content -> Article manager . Then we click on [New] . Again we will set the same Section and Category for our page: &quot;Uncategorized&quot;. This time we will describe our services and what we offer. Note how feature-rich the default Joomla text editor is. Its menu is intuitive and has familiar design. After we are through with the editing we save the page with the [Save] button from the top-right panel. </li></ul>
  21. 21. END