The geography of food


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The geography of food

  1. 2. <ul><li>A song produced in UK to raise money for the people suffering in the Ethiopian famine in 1984-85. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>A song produced in USA to raise money for African famine relief </li></ul>
  3. 8. Increase in consumption of healthy food Increase in consumption of larger variety of food
  4. 9. <ul><li>Many people are consuming foods found to have health benefits such as olive oil </li></ul><ul><li>More people are also consuming organic foods although it is more expensive </li></ul><ul><li>This is due to increasing affluence and the ease of obtaining health-related information form the internet which makes people more health-conscious </li></ul>
  5. 12. <ul><li>Due to globalisation, people are exposed to different types of food around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Modified food (fusion) to cater to needs of people in certain areas </li></ul><ul><li>Due to rising affluence and purchasing power so they travel more and taste different foods </li></ul><ul><li>People also get more education so they are more open-minded to try new foods </li></ul>
  6. 19. Changes in consumption of carbohydrates Increase in consumption of non-staple food
  7. 20. <ul><li>Carbohydrates make up a smaller proportion of daily diet due to increased variety of non-staple food </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for cereals (wheat, rice and corn) instead of roots and tubers (sweet potatoes, yams and cassava) </li></ul>
  8. 21. <ul><li>Consumption of non-staple food such as meat and fish increases </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in proportion of proteins and fats </li></ul><ul><li>This could be due to the introduction of fast food restaurants which sells food rich in protein and fats </li></ul>
  9. 22. <ul><li>AFFORDABILITY </li></ul><ul><li>ACCESSIBILITY </li></ul><ul><li>SECURITY </li></ul>
  10. 23. <ul><li>Depends on purchasing power </li></ul><ul><li>People in DCs have higher income so they have higher purchasing power hence they can buy enough food and a variety to enjoy </li></ul><ul><li>Non-staple food are more expensive than staple food so only people with more purchasing power can afford them </li></ul>Increase wages  Afford better food
  11. 24. <ul><ul><li>Japan: major importer of tropical fruits from China, Philippines and Indonesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA: world’s largest consumer of coffee with most imports coming from Central and S. America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is this good for the LDCs? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So how people meet this demand? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More farmland in the LDCs once used for growing staple crops for local consumption are now used to grow non-staple food for export instead </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not earn much from the exported goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability/ Economic power </li></ul></ul>
  12. 25. <ul><li>Transport facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates food distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food outlets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban areas have more supermarkets and food chains which offer a large variety of food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Globalisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion of food business to foreign market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of trade barriers and sanctions </li></ul></ul>
  13. 26. <ul><li>NATURAL FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>Disasters such as floods, droughts, earthquakes and hurricanes (eg. Katrina) </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of diseases such as bird flu and mad cow disease results in animals dying or culled as a result of the infection </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>War and conflicts destroys livestock and crops </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers may also abandon their fields to escape </li></ul>
  14. 27. <ul><li>STARVATION </li></ul><ul><li>MALNUTRITION </li></ul><ul><li>OBESITY </li></ul>
  15. 28. <ul><li>Caused by shortage of food (< 1000 kcal a day) </li></ul><ul><li>Due to lack of food or fats for energy production, the body burns muscle tissues resulting in them becoming skeletally thin </li></ul><ul><li>Results in permanent organ damage and death </li></ul>
  16. 29. <ul><li>Caused by imbalanced amount of nutrients over a period of time due to lack of eating </li></ul><ul><li>Can be caused by low harvest or low purchasing power </li></ul><ul><li>Can also be due to eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia </li></ul><ul><li>Gets less resistant to illnesses and may cause permanent damage to organs and death </li></ul>
  17. 33. <ul><li>Vitamin B1: Beriberi </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin C: Scurvy </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin D: Rickets </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins: Kwashiorkor </li></ul><ul><li>Iron: Anaemia </li></ul>
  18. 37. <ul><li>Consumption of too much nutrients than what the body can use which is stored as fats </li></ul><ul><li>More common in DCs than LDCs due to higher calorie intake </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to health conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease </li></ul>
  19. 39. consumes 12000 calories a day size XXXXXXXL Spends $750 on food a week
  20. 40. needs a scooter to move around cannot walk more than 7 m needed 30 medics to deliver her daughter