Objectives <ul><li>3.1 Evaluate subjects, themes and symbols and their origins. </li></ul><ul><li>4.1 Describe and place a variety of art objects in historical and cultural contexts. </li></ul><ul><li>4.4 Recognize the role of artists in our community and society. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>The student will interpret their choice of one of the mythologies based on the Ancient Greece Site by answering five key questions using proper grammar and complete sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>The student will analyze The Artwork of the Ancient Greeks , by answering ten art criticism questions using at least three vocabulary words and complete sentences. </li></ul>
What Is Mythology? <ul><li>People have always questioned their existence. The Greeks used Mythology to explain where everything originated from. Gods and goddesses were created to rule over everything from the sea to the land. These ideas would continue to be passed on to other people through the stories and artwork of the Greeks. </li></ul>
The artwork of the Greeks is very important because the vast majority of them tell us a story about Gods, Heroes, Events, Mythical Creatures and Greek culture in general.
Greek Mythology <ul><li>The Greeks created gods that resembled humans. These gods had similar physical characteristics to humans and each god or goddess had a unique personality. Some were old, some were brave, and some were beautiful. Each god or goddess had a different story to tell. Many of the mythologies involved a hero who destroyed their enemies with their wits , intelligence, or strength. An example of this is when Oedipus beats the Sphinx at a riddle. The Greeks were intrigued by creation. </li></ul>
The Sphinx’s Story <ul><li>THE SPHINX was a female monster with the body of a lion, the breast and head of a woman, eagle's wings and, according to some, a serpent-headed tail. </li></ul><ul><li>She was sent by the gods to plague the town of Thebes as punishment for some ancient crime. There she preyed on the youths of the land, devouring all those who failed to solve her riddle. Kreon, the then regent of Thebes, offered the kingship to any man who could destroy her. Oedipus accepted the challenge, and when he solved the Sphinx's riddle, she cast herself off a mountainside in despair and in accordance with an oracle declaring the terms of her demise. </li></ul><ul><li>Sphinxes were popular in ancient art, especially as sculptural grave stele set upon the tombs of men who died in youth. Decorative sphinxes also appear in animal processions on archaic Greek vases, often alongside lions and bird-bodies sirens. </li></ul>
Based on the image of the Sphinx below and what you now know about the Sphinx’s story answer the Ancient Greeks PowerPoint notes worksheet. SPHINX Museum Collection: Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, New York City, USA Date: ca 480 - 460 BC Period: Early Classical
<ul><li>Once you have completed the Artwork of the Ancient Greeks worksheet, follow the hyperlink to the Ancient Greece Website to start exploring a variety of mythologies associated with Ancient Greece. Pick a mythology and answer the Ancient Greece Mythology worksheet based on that one mythology. </li></ul>
References and Images <ul><li>http://www.theoi.com/Gallery/M18.4.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.theoi.com/Ther/Sphinx.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Mythology/ </li></ul>