What Goes Where?Art and Craft in the Library ofCongress Classification SystemRochelle Smith, Associate Professor, Referenc...
All images from http://bit.ly/ZMOfJE
Why not together?NK3049.B3B57 TT770.G67http://amzn.to/11AX4Jthttp://uidaho.worldcat.org/oclc/62341650
http://bit.ly/rW7jr5 http://www.anvilmag.com/smith/910d4.htm
http://bit.ly/ZMOfJE http://www.oberlin.edu/images/artime27.html
http://bit.ly/13Wm5UA http://bit.ly/10x7DBK
Decorative Arts?http://bit.ly/11zn88Thttp://bit.ly/10x2h9vhttp://bit.ly/10x9OoO
Carl Linnaeus Charles Darwinhttp://bit.ly/ZMSFjShttp://bit.ly/ZGHblW
Melvil Dewey Herbert Putnamhttp://bit.ly/13WxV10http://bit.ly/ZGGPeW
Dewey Decimal System000 General Works100 Philosophy200 Theology300 Sociology400 Philology500 Natural Science600 Useful Art...
Howling Wolf and the History of Ledger ArtE78.G73S93The Tribal Arts of AfricaN7380.B28http://bit.ly/12FL1Nshttp://bit.ly/1...
What Goes Where? Art and Craft in LC Classification
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What Goes Where? Art and Craft in LC Classification


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Created in support of a presentation given at the Malcolm M. Renfrew Interdisciplinary Colloquium Series at the University of Idaho on April 23rd, 2013 by faculty members Rochelle Smith and Kristin Henrich.

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  • Quipu (Peru) c. 1500Mayan codex (754)Haida Indian Potlatch poleStonehenge (3200 BCE)
  • Bayeaux tapestry (vs embroidery)1066Tolkien
  • So why are these classed as they are? Scholarly vs practical, art vs. craft discussion – how does a library (or anyone) decide what goes “together”?
  • How do you organize your music, personally?
  • Exercise music, study music, road trip music?http://bit.ly/ZMLhVChttp://bit.ly/11zbHOD
  • http://images.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=head+banging&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=R1jYlkQg8pUoeM&tbnid=KQ4sG1cQcHUjcM:&ved=&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.topnews.in%2Fhealthcare%2Fcontent%2F-2535headbanging-can-cause-brain-injury&ei=iNF2UeCyG83BiwLVzIDIDw&bvm=bv.45580626,d.cGE&psig=AFQjCNFPX5TI1HBi2wGmKWrhn47DrlKkQg&ust=1366827785576471
  • West = everyone agrees that this is art (Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel), Renaissance classic
  • Jackson Pollock (tend to agree that this is art as well)
  • Tom Joyce, blacksmith (bread paddle gate and courtyard gate)http://www.arktimes.com/EyeCandy/archives/2011/11/16/thursday-blacksmith-tom-joyce-at-aachttp://www.anvilmag.com/smith/910d4.htm
  • George Nakashima, 1950. Mira chair (courtesy ARTstor)Peace altar, St John the Divine Cathedral, New York City (black walnut)http://www.thewoodwhisperer.com/announcements/contribute-to-the-nakashima-peace-altar/
  • What about these? Kilim rug from Turkey, ceremonial mask from BeninCraft? Material culture? Mask = religious and social significance, so imp. for anthropologists, but how does that differ from Sistine Chapel?
  • Coffin of Bakenmut. Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahari (?), New Kingdom, late Dynasty 21, 1069-945 or early Dynasty 22, 945-924 BC. Gessoed and painted fig wood (courtesy of ARTstor). Ancient Egypt; canon of proportionsImage Courtesy Art Across Time by Laurie Schneider Adamshttp://www.oberlin.edu/images/artime27.html
  • Rogier van der Weyden - Isabella of Portugal (oil on panel, ca. 1500)http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rogier_van_der_Weyden_-_Isabella_of_Portugal_-_WGA25726.jpghttp://mode-im-mittelalter.de/kleidungsstuckeTop by PaulinaBojor (pron. Boyorr)
  • Are these art? Why or why not? http://img2.etsystatic.com/000/0/5532539/il_fullxfull.286978122.jpghttp://www.thesecurityblanketco.com/imagelib/sitebuilder/misc/show_image.html?linkedwidth=actual&linkpath=http://www.thesecurityblanketco.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/1418point.jpg&target=tlx_new
  • Clio, Thalia, Erato, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Calliope, Terpsichore, Urania, MelpomeneThe Muses (history, comedy, lyric poetry, music, sacred poetry, epic poetry, dance, astronomy, tragedy) – scholarly or artistic disciplines in Greek world, and also later in medieval world – only changed in the RenaissanceDisciplines of the mindAs opposed to sculpture – this relief would have been considered craft http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Muses_sarcophagus_Louvre_MR880.jpg
  • Gislebertus; Weighing of Souls; detail from right side of the Apocalypse ca. 1120-1140 (Last Judgment) tympanum, Church of Saint Lazare, Autun (courtesy ofARTstor)Donatello; David (bronze; 1440s) (Photo Credit: Erich Lessing/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. courtesy of ARTstor)Renaissance = sculptors as artists, bid to make art above craft
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art – what goes in museums like this? Painting, sculpture, western art*why is non-western art separate?Met founded 1870; Freer Gallery of Art (Asian art) 1908; Smithsonian Museum of African Art 1964
  • Natural History Museum in LondonWhat goes in here?Also: anthropological artifacts – Benin sculpture? SmithsonianEiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art
  • Third kind of museumEiteljorg founded in 1989Met founded 1870; Freer Gallery of Art (Asian art) 1908; Smithsonian Museum of African Art 1964
  • Which museum? Limoges vase, late 18th c
  • Which this? Ming vaseFreer Gallery of Asian Art (1908)
  • Hopi vase? Now vs. 50 years agoEiteljorg not until 1989; until 60s or 70s would have been put into natural history museum
  • Diderot’s Encyclopedie (1751-1772); memory, reason, and imaginationEnlightenmenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ENC_SYSTEME_FIGURE.jpegBut what about computer science, or interdisciplinary topics?
  • Linnaeus (1707-1778)Carolus Linnaeus in Laponian costume(Hendrik Hollander 1853)ttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/56/Carolus_Linnaeus_by_Hendrik_Hollander_1853.jpg/429px-Carolus_Linnaeus_by_Hendrik_Hollander_1853.jpgDarwin (1809-1882)http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_Darwin_by_G._Richmond.jpg
  • 1800s = about classifying informationLinneaus in 1700s, Darwin, move to scientifically order the worldDewey = interested in organizing all human knowledge b/c he was an egomaniacPutnam = more practical, interested in intuitive organization for researchers/scholarsPitfalls about classification (christianity takes up so much about religion, less space for Islam or Wicca; European history vs the rest of the world)Both cases systems seemed logical – now seem like fossils
  • Which…brings us to the Library of Congress (Jefferson Library Reading Room, 1814)
  • Library of Congress – intended to serve Congress, Roosevelt was President (1901-1909)LC Finalized in 1903Focused on US, informed political/Congressional decisionsWhich explains…
  • All European art and non-European art is in Ns, EXCEPT for Native American art – why? What does this tell you? Inconvenient and insulting to researchers now? http://southwestindianarts.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/levi-ledger.jpg
  • What about photography? Less culturally charged, but…this is an issue of technology. When LC created, photography = technological marvel, rather than art. Used chemicals, so with chem engineering as opposed to art. Mapplethorpe photo, but this would be in Ts as opposed to his paintings, or paintings of flowers in general, which would be in Ns
  • White Calla Lily, Lowell Nesbitt 1978 (oil on canvas; courtesy of ARTstor) Calla Lily, 1988, Robert Mapplethorpe (
  • ThéodoreChassériau,Study of a Negro (1838)Image provided throughARTstor by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y. Robert Mapplethorpe, Ajitto (gelatin-silver print, 1981)
  • Textiles – fine art vs craft; lots of reasons. Industrial revolution, mechanized production? Male art world vs female domestic world? Education? Economics? (Home Ec. Example)What makes separations obvious in 1900? Are they still obvious now? (William Morris tapestry)
  • In this famous photograph, Boston Cooking School Principal Fannie Farmer (1857-1915) holds a measuring cup to a student as if to reinforce her reputation as the "Mother of Level Measurements.” Boston Cooking-School Cook Book (1896)http://media.npr.org/assets/artslife/books/2010/10/fannies-last-supper/fannie-farmer-fac8d8ea5d2401fcd280e1280d9f4661f7a0aae2-s3.jpgIllustrated Book of Patterns for Lace Making (New York 1876)http://media-cache-lt0.pinterest.com/550x/5e/75/26/5e7526c2f68f2602b1f5562402488961.jpg
  • Where should these go, and where do they go? Both in TR and TT, although both obviously intended for artists. Problematic?
  • What Goes Where? Art and Craft in LC Classification

    1. 1. What Goes Where?Art and Craft in the Library ofCongress Classification SystemRochelle Smith, Associate Professor, Reference & Instruction LibrarianKristin Henrich, Assistant Professor, Reference & Instruction LibrarianMalcolm M. Renfrew Interdisciplinary Colloquium | University of IdahoApril 23, 2013
    2. 2. All images from http://bit.ly/ZMOfJE
    3. 3. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Odo_bayeux_tapestry.png
    4. 4. Why not together?NK3049.B3B57 TT770.G67http://amzn.to/11AX4Jthttp://uidaho.worldcat.org/oclc/62341650
    5. 5. Genre?http://bit.ly/13sBkAAhttp://bit.ly/XUijXo
    6. 6. Purpose?http://bit.ly/ZMLhVChttp://bit.ly/11zbHODhttp://bit.ly/13WftWc
    7. 7. Mood?http://bit.ly/11B8PiRhttp://bit.ly/vIfirxhttp://bit.ly/Y1XRWz
    8. 8. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/The-Measure-of-Genius-Michelangelos-Sistine-Chapel-at-500.html
    9. 9. http://austinkids.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/pollockpic.jpg
    10. 10. http://bit.ly/rW7jr5 http://www.anvilmag.com/smith/910d4.htm
    11. 11. http://bit.ly/17UXfnEhttp://bit.ly/ZMOfJE
    12. 12. http://bit.ly/XU3XX0http://bit.ly/13WjsC7
    13. 13. http://bit.ly/ZMOfJE http://www.oberlin.edu/images/artime27.html
    14. 14. http://bit.ly/13Wm5UA http://bit.ly/10x7DBK
    15. 15. http://bit.ly/12bq4J2http://bit.ly/ZMOULf
    16. 16. http://bit.ly/ZGE79q
    17. 17. http://bit.ly/ZMOfJEhttp://bit.ly/ZMOfJE
    18. 18. http://bit.ly/11hLrGT
    19. 19. http://bit.ly/10wUNDA
    20. 20. http://bit.ly/11K8LMn
    21. 21. http://bit.ly/12FHSNu
    22. 22. http://bit.ly/Zmtry5
    23. 23. http://bit.ly/13Wv9ZL
    24. 24. Decorative Arts?http://bit.ly/11zn88Thttp://bit.ly/10x2h9vhttp://bit.ly/10x9OoO
    25. 25. http://bit.ly/dDuCbS
    26. 26. Carl Linnaeus Charles Darwinhttp://bit.ly/ZMSFjShttp://bit.ly/ZGHblW
    27. 27. Melvil Dewey Herbert Putnamhttp://bit.ly/13WxV10http://bit.ly/ZGGPeW
    28. 28. Dewey Decimal System000 General Works100 Philosophy200 Theology300 Sociology400 Philology500 Natural Science600 Useful Arts700 Fine Arts800 Literature900 History700710 Landscape Gardening.720 Architecture.730 Sculpture.740 Drawing. Decoration.745 Ornamental Design. Wovenfabrics.746 Art Needlework.750 Painting.760 Engraving.770 Photography.780 Music.790 Amusements.Library of Congress SystemA General Works.B PhilosophyBL-BX ReligionC History—Auxiliary sciencesD History and Topography (exceptAmerica)E America General and U.S. GeneralHistoryF U.S. Local and America outsideU.S. HistoryG Geography, Anthropology, SportsH Social sciencesJ Political sciencesK LawL EducationM MusicN Fine artsP Language and LiteratureQ ScienceR MedicineS AgricultureT TechnologyU Military scienceV Naval scienceZ Bibliography
    29. 29. http://bit.ly/11hNmLr
    30. 30. http://bit.ly/15Exysi
    31. 31. Howling Wolf and the History of Ledger ArtE78.G73S93The Tribal Arts of AfricaN7380.B28http://bit.ly/12FL1Nshttp://bit.ly/13WjsC7
    32. 32. http://bit.ly/13WDBIq
    33. 33. http://bit.ly/ZMOfJEhttp://bit.ly/14MLy3x
    34. 34. http://bit.ly/ZiVbTa
    35. 35. http://n.pr/11zmpEShttp://bit.ly/10bsYt8
    36. 36. http://bit.ly/11zwiT5