Visual Literacy - Savvy Skills Series, University of Idaho Library
Visual LiteracyFinding, Using, and Attributing Images Kristin Henrich, Librarian for Art & ArchitectureDali, Salvador. The Little Theater. 1934. Sculpture: Wood and Glass, Painted. Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved Nov. 17 2011 from ARTstor: Acccession Number 57.1981.
What is Visual Literacy? “Visual literacy is the ability to decode, interpret, create, question, challenge and evaluate texts that communicate with visual images as well as, or rather than, words” 1 This includes being able to find, use, and attribute images appropriately and ethically. 21 From UC Irvine: http://libguides.lib.uci.edu/visual_literacy2 From the Association of College & Research Library’s Image Resource Interest Group Visual Literacy Standards: http://acrlvislitstandards.wordpress.com/
Finding ImagesProprietary Databases• Curated by professionals; images with provenance and credibility. Organized using metadata supplied by experts. Existing guidelines for incorporation into scholarly work.
Examples• ARTstor• CAMIO• EBSCO Images• Europeana De Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri. Moulin Rouge: La Goulue. (1891) Lithograph. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved Nov. 17 2011 from ARTstor: ID 223.
Images on the Open WebOpen Source Image Banks• Images with varying levels of reliability, provenance, and authenticity; organized by user-supplied tags. Minimal guidelines for attribution.
Examples• Digital/Institutional Repositories – University of Idaho Library Digital Initiatives – American Memory (LOC) – Center for Creative Photography• Flickr CC• Public Domain LibGuide from UCI• ALA Guide to Images by Discipline
Attributing vs. Citing ImagesBoth attributing and citing provideinformation about an image to help viewersfind the original source. Use attribution whenno citation style is required, and cite in MLA,APA, or Chicago style.
What needs to be included?•Creator of the work•Title of the work•Year when it was composed/completed•Materials involved in completing the work•Institution that houses the work•Date the work was retrieved•Website from which the work was retrieved•Open web: license
Watkins, Carleton E. Multnomah Falls Cascades, Columbia River. 1867. Photograph. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute: Dept. of Prints, Drawings and Photographs. Williamstown, Mass. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2011 from CAMIO:1998.42.5.
Attribution from the Open Web• Same info as for proprietary—creator, title, date created, materials, institution (if applicable), date retrieved, and web address• Include the Creative Commons status of the image, and a link to the creator’s CC license page if available.• Cite the original image—use TinEye for help
Creative Commons License?• It is your responsibility to check the license on every image found on the open web to ensure that you are within copyright to reproduce it.• Creative Commons Licenses• Flickr Creative Commons Licenses
Steve-h. The Way Through the Woods. 2011. Photograph.Retrieved Nov. 17 2011 from Flickr: Attribution-ShareAlikeCreative Commons License.
How Can I Protect My Work?• Artist’s Rights Society• Creative Commons• Intellectual Property and the Arts• UC Irvine’s Image Copyright Guide
Kristin Henrich Librarian for Art & Architecture208.885.6514 | email@example.com http://libguides.uidaho.edu/art