A Grave Matter in Indiana
<ul><li>Part of our cultural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>The size, ornamentation, and documentation of European sites vari...
 
Legal Protection of Cemeteries
Cemeteries Today <ul><li>Today more and more of these lost cemeteries in Indiana have been unearthed because of the sprawl...
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-13.5   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorizes the Department of Natural Resources – Div...
GOAL <ul><li>It is estimated that there are 20,000 sites in the state.  </li></ul><ul><li>Only one staff member given the ...
GOALS <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Did I mention, location? </...
Why DNR? <ul><li>1966 Historic Preservation Act </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>DHPA </li></ul>
Cemetery Registry Form
SHAARD <ul><li>Online database of historic resources in Indiana.  </li></ul><ul><li>For cemeteries, have “A” – “Ripley” in...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines human remains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 14-21...
<ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-26.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person may not disturb the ground within 100 feet of a burial gro...
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-27 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person finding human remains must notify DHPA within t...
Probing Requirements <ul><li>WRITTEN landowner permission </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Application per cem...
Things to remember about probing <ul><li>Before beginning to probe, repair all possible stones with pieces found in the ce...
 
<ul><li>Cleaning stones </li></ul><ul><li>Mowing or other maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Digging ...
 
 
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-29 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you find an artifact, notification of our department ...
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before a person buys property containing a cemetery, the cu...
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 23-14-57 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes how cemeteries and human remains are disinterred...
Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 23-14-68 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care of Cemetery by Township </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*I...
<ul><ul><li>IC 35-43 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Mischief - allows for a person to be convicted under the crim...
Finding cemeteries <ul><li>Witching </li></ul><ul><li>Ground penetrating radar </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul><ul...
 
 
 
 
 
What is the best way to record the location of a cemetery?
TOPOS
Soil Maps
Historic Maps
Written/Deeds
GIS/GPS
Definitions <ul><li>GIS – geographic information systems </li></ul><ul><li>GPS – global positioning systems </li></ul>
Signs
Preservation  Issues
Long Standing Issues
 
No Documentation
 
 
Money
 
 
 
Knowledge
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Concerns
 
 
Cemetery Projects <ul><li>Making sure it is in SHAARD </li></ul><ul><li>Readings of tombstones </li></ul><ul><li>History o...
What not to do in the cemetery? <ul><li>Trespass – getting to site </li></ul><ul><li>Probing (without permit) </li></ul><u...
 
 
Jeannie Regan-Dinius 317/234-1268 [email_address] www.in.gov/dnr/historic
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Cemetery Preservation Beginners Workshop

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PowerPoint presentation from Jeannie Regan-Dinius, Director of Special Initiatives, DNR-DHPA

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Cemetery Preservation Beginners Workshop

  1. 1. A Grave Matter in Indiana
  2. 2. <ul><li>Part of our cultural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>The size, ornamentation, and documentation of European sites varies </li></ul><ul><li>Native American Sites vary by time period, cultural group, and family beliefs </li></ul>
  3. 4. Legal Protection of Cemeteries
  4. 5. Cemeteries Today <ul><li>Today more and more of these lost cemeteries in Indiana have been unearthed because of the sprawl construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental discoveries occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents are more and more concerned about this and have begun lobbying. </li></ul><ul><li>Convinced legislature to pass laws. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-13.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorizes the Department of Natural Resources – Division of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historic Preservation and Archaeology to conduct a survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>program of every cemetery and burial ground in Indiana </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. GOAL <ul><li>It is estimated that there are 20,000 sites in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Only one staff member given the responsibility to work on this project. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, need to rely on volunteers. </li></ul>
  7. 8. GOALS <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Did I mention, location? </li></ul><ul><li>Art/architecture </li></ul><ul><li>General religion </li></ul><ul><li>General ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  8. 9. Why DNR? <ul><li>1966 Historic Preservation Act </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>DHPA </li></ul>
  9. 10. Cemetery Registry Form
  10. 11. SHAARD <ul><li>Online database of historic resources in Indiana. </li></ul><ul><li>For cemeteries, have “A” – “Ripley” in the database (other counties past “Ripley” are also in) with more every day </li></ul><ul><li>Always looking for more and corrected information/data. </li></ul><ul><li>www.in.gov/dnr/historic/4505.htm </li></ul>
  11. 19. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines human remains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-24 and IC 35-43-1-2.1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes it illegal to farm or conduct animal husbandry in a cemetery </li></ul></ul>
  12. 20. <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-26.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person may not disturb the ground within 100 feet of a burial ground for the purpose of excavating or covering over the ground or erecting, altering or repairing any structure without having a development plan approved by DHPA </li></ul></ul>
  13. 21. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-27 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person finding human remains must notify DHPA within two days. Reburial will in in compliance with state laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-28 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes it illegal to disturb the ground for the purpose of discovering or removing artifacts, burial objects, grave markers, or human remains without a plan with the DHPA. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. Probing Requirements <ul><li>WRITTEN landowner permission </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Application per cemetery </li></ul><ul><li>6 Inch depth </li></ul><ul><li>Not for graves or burials – for tombstones ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>It’s good for one year with a possibility of a year extension. </li></ul>
  15. 23. Things to remember about probing <ul><li>Before beginning to probe, repair all possible stones with pieces found in the cemetery. The piece missing might simply be stacked in the corner of the cemetery. </li></ul><ul><li>The probe should be solid-tipped and be blunt-ended; no hollow-core probes. Do not use longer probes as they may penetrate the coffin chambers and contact human remains. Despite common belief, historic graves are rarely as deep as six feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a systematic probing approach; random probing will not help find stones. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the most likely place there were stone would be located (i.e. near the head of the grave). </li></ul><ul><li>Have an understanding of grave orientation. Most historic graves are oriented east-west with the head to the west. </li></ul>
  16. 25. <ul><li>Cleaning stones </li></ul><ul><li>Mowing or other maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Digging hole for placement of new base </li></ul><ul><li>Taking stone out of ground if you can see it. </li></ul>Don’t Need DHPA Permit For <ul><li>To stick a rod, stick, bar, trowel - ANYTHING in the ground to find a tombstone or grave marker that cannot be seen from above ground </li></ul>You Do Need a DHPA Permit to
  17. 28. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-1-29 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you find an artifact, notification of our department must be within two days. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discusses removal of grave memorial with a new stone must be reported to the County Recorder; Makes selling grave artifacts illegal </li></ul></ul>
  18. 29. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 14-21-3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before a person buys property containing a cemetery, the current owner must record the deed in the recorder's office with CEMETERY in bold, capital letters on the bottom of the deed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 23-14-26 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discusses the creation of Cemetery Commissions at the county level </li></ul></ul>
  19. 30. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 23-14-57 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes how cemeteries and human remains are disinterred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 6-1.1-6.8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person with a cemetery on his/her land may have the value of the land (where the cemetery is located) accessed for $1.00 per acre. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IC 23-14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines a cemetery, discusses care of cemeteries in use, surveys of cemeteries, and other aspects of cemeteries in use. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 31. Indiana Laws <ul><ul><li>IC 23-14-68 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care of Cemetery by Township </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*In Existence before February 28, 1939 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Taxes are not paid on the property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Not managed by any viable organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Cemeteries without funds for maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines what the Township Trustee must do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*Reset and straighten all monuments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*Level and seed the ground </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*Construct fences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*Destroy detrimental plant, noxious weed, and rank vegetation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 32. <ul><ul><li>IC 35-43 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Mischief - allows for a person to be convicted under the criminal mischief law if they vandalize a cemetery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To see the entire law, go to http://www.in.gov/legislative/iac/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>put in the code and the law will be displayed </li></ul></ul>
  22. 33. Finding cemeteries <ul><li>Witching </li></ul><ul><li>Ground penetrating radar </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>Depressions </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Creeping myrtle/natural environment </li></ul>
  23. 39. What is the best way to record the location of a cemetery?
  24. 40. TOPOS
  25. 41. Soil Maps
  26. 42. Historic Maps
  27. 43. Written/Deeds
  28. 44. GIS/GPS
  29. 45. Definitions <ul><li>GIS – geographic information systems </li></ul><ul><li>GPS – global positioning systems </li></ul>
  30. 46. Signs
  31. 47. Preservation Issues
  32. 48. Long Standing Issues
  33. 50. No Documentation
  34. 53. Money
  35. 57. Knowledge
  36. 65. Other Concerns
  37. 68. Cemetery Projects <ul><li>Making sure it is in SHAARD </li></ul><ul><li>Readings of tombstones </li></ul><ul><li>History of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Flags on veterans’ graves </li></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning up yard </li></ul><ul><li>Signs at the cemetery </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul>
  38. 69. What not to do in the cemetery? <ul><li>Trespass – getting to site </li></ul><ul><li>Probing (without permit) </li></ul><ul><li>Moving of stones </li></ul><ul><li>Taking of stones </li></ul><ul><li>Improper cleaning methods </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaving cream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chalk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peanut butter </li></ul></ul>
  39. 72. Jeannie Regan-Dinius 317/234-1268 [email_address] www.in.gov/dnr/historic

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