Sexually transmitted infections: Prevention


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Preventive measures of Sexually transmitted infections

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Sexually transmitted infections: Prevention

  1. 1. Sexually Transmitted Infections By: Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, RN, MSN Nurse Instructor Northern Luzon Adventist College
  2. 2. refers to any infection contracted primarily through sexual activities or contacts More than 50 organisms known to spread through sexual activitySexually Transmitted Diseases orSexually Transmitted Infections
  3. 3. STI’s are infections that are spread from person to person through intimate sexual contact. STI’s are dangerous because they are easily spread and it is hard to tell just by looking who has an STI. 1 in 4 sexually active teens has an STI.What is a Sexually TransmittedInfection or STI?
  4. 4. 65 million of people living in the US has STD 15 million of new STD cases each year 2/3 of all STDs occurs in people 25 yrs of age or younger 86% - 15 to 29 yrs old one in four new STD cases occur in teenagers cervical cancer in women is linked to HPV doctors are required to report newly diagnosed STD cases of gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and hepatitis B to state health departments and the CDCFacts About STD
  5. 5. one in four Americans have genital herpes, 80% of those with herpes are unaware they have it at least one in four Americans will contract an STD at some point in their lives 15% of all infertile American women are infertile because of tubal damage caused by untreated STD 12% of all infertile American men are infertile because of inflammation of the testicles and sterility caused by untreated STD About STD
  6. 6. Estimated Annual Incidence of Selected STDs in the U.S., 2000 Trichomoniasis 7.4 millionHuman Papillomavirus (HPV) 6.2 million Chlamydia 2.8 million Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 1.6 million Type 2 Gonorrhea 718,000 Syphilis 37,000
  7. 7. Prevention is the Key Abstinence, or not having oral, vaginal or anal sex, is the best way to protect yourself. It is possible to get an STD even without having intercourse through skin-to-skin contact. Use latex condoms correctly for any type of sex (vaginal, oral or anal) from start to finish.
  8. 8. Those that reduce the risk of nonintact skin or mucous membranes coming into contact with infected body fluids and blood. include:Safer sex practices Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  9. 9. Latex condom for genital and analintercourse Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  10. 10. Latex-Latex-free condoms Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  11. 11. Condom or latex barrier over the genital or anus during oral-genital or oral-anal sexual contactDental dam Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  12. 12. Dental Dam Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  13. 13. How tomake adentaldam fromcondom Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  14. 14. Dental Dam Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  15. 15. Latex gloves for finger or hand contact with the vaginaLatex gloves Maria Carmela L. Domocmat, 12/03/2010 RN, MSN
  16. 16. Sex toys
  17. 17. dildo
  18. 18. Ez-Ez-rider ball with purple dildo
  19. 19. Prevention
  20. 20. The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases: Abstinence from sex is the best form of prevention. Having sex with only one uninfected partner whom only has sex with you (mutual monogamy).Prevention and Risk Reduction
  21. 21. Using latex condoms from start to finishevery time you have oral, vaginal or analsex.Latex male condoms, when usedconsistently and correctly, can reduce therisk of transmission
  22. 22. Know your partner(s). Careful consideration and open communication between partners may protect all partners involved from infection.Prevention and Risk Reduction
  23. 23. Water-based spermicides can be used along with latex condoms for additional protection during vaginal intercourse. Use of spermicide is not recommended nor found to be effective for oral or anal intercourse.Prevention and Risk Reduction
  24. 24. Have regular check-ups if you are sexuallyactive.Any genital symptom such as discharge orburning during urination or an unusualsore or rash should be a signal to stophaving sex and to consult a health careprovider immediately.
  25. 25. If you have an STD, dont have sex (oral, vaginal, anal) until all partners have been treated. Prompt, qualified and appropriate medical intervention, treatment and follow-up are important steps in breaking the disease cycle.Prevention and Risk Reduction
  26. 26. A person diagnosed with any STD shouldreceive treatment and should notify allrecent sex partners so that they can see ahealth care provider and be treated.This reduces the risk that the sex partnerswill develop complications and reducesthe risk that the person with will becomere-infected.
  27. 27. Take all medications-even if you start to feel better before you finish the bottle. Treat all partners. Inform all partners.Follow-Follow-up
  28. 28. Abstain from sex until all partners aretreated.Sex should be stopped until the personwith STD and all of his or her recentpartners complete treatment for and haveno symptoms.