Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Diet

625 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Diet

  1. 1. Diet and diabetes done by: Hilal (messi205)
  2. 2. Reasons for diet <ul><li>Weight control </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose control </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dietary recommendations for diabetes <ul><li>Eat starchy foods regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more fruit and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce animal or saturated fat </li></ul><ul><li>Cut down on sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce salt </li></ul>
  4. 4. Balancing food choices
  5. 5. Eat starchy foods regularly <ul><li>Bread </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Plantain </li></ul><ul><li>Chapatis </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Fresh </li></ul><ul><li>Frozen </li></ul><ul><li>Tinned </li></ul><ul><li>Dried </li></ul><ul><li>Juice </li></ul>Eat more fruit and vegetables
  7. 7. Choose more high fibre foods <ul><li>To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Pulses </li></ul><ul><li>Oats </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to maintain a healthy gut </li></ul><ul><li>Wholegrain cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Wholemeal bread </li></ul><ul><li>Whole wheat pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Brown rice </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reduce animal or saturated fat intake <ul><li>Use low fat milk </li></ul><ul><li>Use low fat spread instead of butter </li></ul><ul><li>Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil </li></ul>
  9. 9. Use less fat in cooking <ul><li>Grill </li></ul><ul><li>Dry-roast </li></ul><ul><li>Microwave </li></ul><ul><li>Steam </li></ul>
  10. 10. Choose the right sort of fat <ul><li>SATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) </li></ul><ul><li>Pies </li></ul><ul><li>Biscuits </li></ul><ul><li>Savoury snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Lard </li></ul><ul><li>Hard vegetable fat </li></ul><ul><li>MONO- UNSATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Olive oil </li></ul><ul><li>Rapeseed oil </li></ul><ul><li>Groundnut oil </li></ul><ul><li>POLY- UNSATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Sunflower oil (products) </li></ul><ul><li>Oily fish </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cut down on sugary foods <ul><li>Not a sugar free diet </li></ul><ul><li>Cut out sweets </li></ul><ul><li>Cut out sugary drinks </li></ul>
  12. 12. Choose low sugar products <ul><li>Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks </li></ul>
  13. 13. Intense sweeteners <ul><li>Tablet </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Granulated </li></ul>
  14. 14. Avoid diabetic products <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Laxative effects </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on ‘sugar free’ </li></ul><ul><li>Still raise blood glucose levels </li></ul><ul><li>Still contain same calories </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reduce salt intake <ul><li>Cut down on added salt </li></ul><ul><li>Use alternative seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid salt substitutes </li></ul>
  16. 16. Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate: Breakfast
  17. 17. Lunch or snack meal
  18. 18. Main meal
  19. 19. Weight management and diabetes
  20. 20. Be more active
  21. 21. Slimming tips <ul><li>Be realistic about your target weight </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to lose weight gradually </li></ul><ul><li>Eat regular meals </li></ul><ul><li>Make small changes you can stick to </li></ul>
  22. 22. Drink alcohol in moderation That’s 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men
  23. 23. How many units in your drink? <ul><li>units </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint average strength lager 2.8 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint average strength cider 2.6 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint bitter 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint stout 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1 </li></ul>
  24. 24. The End

×