Issues in Urban Transport in South Asia -  Defining an agenda Chris Hoban India Transport Team Leader The World Bank
World Bank Urban Transport Activities in South Asia <ul><li>Focused urban transport projects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Col...
Urban Transport Issues <ul><li>Managing what we have </li></ul><ul><li>Investment strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Planning: ana...
Urban Transport  Managing existing assets & services   <ul><li>Asset management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maintenance & re...
Urban Transport  Investment strategy development <ul><li>Strategic choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>modes: road, rail, bus, t...
Urban Transport  Planning <ul><li>How to evaluate investment choices?  </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical tools  </li></ul><ul><...
Urban Transport  Policy, pricing, & regulation   <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote efficiency in private ...
Urban Transport    Public sector effectiveness <ul><li>Focus on outcomes and customer service </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor an...
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    1. 1. Issues in Urban Transport in South Asia - Defining an agenda Chris Hoban India Transport Team Leader The World Bank
    2. 2. World Bank Urban Transport Activities in South Asia <ul><li>Focused urban transport projects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colombo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dhaka </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mumbai </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lahore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure & urban development funds </li></ul><ul><li>City Development Strategies </li></ul>
    3. 3. Urban Transport Issues <ul><li>Managing what we have </li></ul><ul><li>Investment strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Planning: analysis & consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Policy, pricing, regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Agency effectiveness & customer service </li></ul>
    4. 4. Urban Transport Managing existing assets & services <ul><li>Asset management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maintenance & renewal generally highly cost-effective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>need sustainable maintenance strategy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Traffic management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improves efficiency at relatively low cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>often needs skill development & coordination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>safety, emissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transport service management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>key outcome is better accessibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>especially for the poor and vulnerable </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Urban Transport Investment strategy development <ul><li>Strategic choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>modes: road, rail, bus, taxi, pedestrian, non-motorized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>incremental upgrades, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>new capacity and infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>flyovers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>metros, light rail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>urban fringe development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Role for private initiative & finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>encourage efficient private investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>benefits of private sector management </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Urban Transport Planning <ul><li>How to evaluate investment choices? </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical tools </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>impacts of more or less spending on each category </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>network effects of specific investments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>behavioral changes from changes in supply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>who benefits? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Informed public participation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>why don’t technical and political choices match? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>listening to the customer, the poor, transport users </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduce risk of later delays and re-thinking </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Urban Transport Policy, pricing, & regulation <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote efficiency in private and public choices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote efficient private sector participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote safety and service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cost recovery to improve service efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encourage balanced use of different modes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>minimum but effective controls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>needs improved enforcement & monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Urban Transport Public sector effectiveness <ul><li>Focus on outcomes and customer service </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor and manage outcome performance </li></ul><ul><li>Improve efficiency and effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in plans & achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation and participation of stakeholders </li></ul>

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