The TAJ MAHAL is considered as one of the seven
wonders of the world.
It is a mausoleum located in Agra, India.
It was built by Mughal Emperor SHAH JAHAN in
memory of his third wife, MUMTAZ MAHAL.
The Taj Mahal is widely recognized not only as the
„jewel of muslim art in India‟ but also considered as
one of the universally admired masterpieces of the
It is the finest example of mughal architecture, a style
that combines elements from, persian, turkish, and
Indian architectural styles.
The princilpal designers are Abd-ul-Karim, Makramat
khan and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
Origin and inspiration
In 1631, the greatest Mughal emperor „SHAH
JAHAN‟ was grief stricken when his third wife,
„MUMUTAZ MAHAL’ died during the birth of their
The construction began in 1632.The principal
mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the
surrounding buildings and garden were finished
five years later.
The total completion of the masterpiece took
about 22 years.
The cost of construction went up to a mamoth
sum of 32 crore rupees.
It is the city of AGRA that has received the honor
of having one of the seven wonders of the world.
It is situated at the banks of river YAMUNA, which
is another striking feature of TAL MAHAL.
At the time of Shah Jahan, Agra was called as
Akbarabad.Till date it remains a major tourist
place, courtesy three of the most famous buildings
like AGRA FORT, FATEHPUR SIKRI, and the TAJ
Shah Jahan chose a peaceful site about one and
a half miles away from agra at the southern edge
of the city.The closeness of yamuna river not only
gave it a scenic edge but also met the need of
water during construction.
Shah Jahan was born on January 5, 1592 in the
lahore city of Pakistan.
He was the son of Emperor Jahangir. He also had
a name „KHURRAM’ meaning „JOYFUL’ on persia.
He got married to Mumtaz begum at a very tender
age of 14 and since then Mumtaz became his
Mumtaz died in 1631 and the years after this took
a permanent place in world history.
The great Mughal Emperor died on January 22,
Taj Mahal Main Gateway
Referred to as Darwaza-i-Rauza or “gate of the mausoleum”
by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri himself,has a mamoth
height of 93 ft.
It was completed in 8 years.It is an image of a white tear drop
with a red trident located above the pointed tip of the niche.
It is bordered with Arabic calligraphy, made of black stone
with optical illusions in the letters inscribed on it.
It is one of the five main elements of this magnificent
monument. Adorned with Hindu Motifs, it is a tall niche
doorway in the shape of an Ogival arch that rises till the mid-
height of the structure.
All the motifs reflegt a Hindu touch. Entwined flowers, mainly
red lotuses, leaves and vines ornament the sloping sides of
MUMTAZ was born on APRIL, 1593 in AGRA.
She is also known as ARJUMAND BANU
BEGUM,the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan.
Her unquestionable beauty made Shah Jahan so
excited that both got married at a very young age.
In 1630 Mumtaz accompanied Shah Jahan in a
fighting campaign in the Deccan Plateau where
she died after a year while giving birth to a child.
Taj Mahal was built as a memorial on the death of
this beloved companion of Shah Jahan.
Taj Mahal Architecture
Building of Taj Mahal involved 22,000 workers including,
masons, painters, calligraphers, dome-builders and other
artisans from all over central Asia and Iran.
The entire Taj complex consists of five major constituents,
namely Darwaza, Bageecha, Masjid, Naqqar Khana, and
It covers an area of 42 acres in total with the terrain
gradually sloping from south to north, towards the river
Yamuna in the form of descending terraces.
The original door of the massive sandstone gateway was
made out of solid silver. The main tomb stands on a square
platform raised 50m above the river bank and was levelled
with dirt to reduce seepage from the river.
Best time to visit
TAJ sun rise up from under the sea of
Watching Taj Mahal at
sky is a sight to behold, and what better way to experience
it than to watch it take its place up there while we stand on
the premises.Taj Mahal gets transformed from soft grey and
pink to a soft red glow.
The very best time to visit is between October to March.
At sun set, it gets shades of fiery yellow which is being
transformed into soft exotic orange and finally to pearl
At full moon light, it glows like silver and seems to
represent presence of GOD, who is never represented in
the anthropomorphic form.
Famous sayings on Taj
“The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs and
makes sun and moon shed tears from their eyes.”-----
“It appears like a perfect pearl on an azure ground.
The effect is such I have never experienced from any
work of art.”----British Painter, Hodges.
“Did u ever build a castle in the air? Here is one,
brought down to earth and fixed for the wonder of
ages.”----American novelist, Bayard Taylor.
“If I had never done anything else in India, I have
written my name here, and the letters are a living joy.”-
His own words
Should guilty seek asylum here,
Like one pardoned, he becomes free from sin,
Should a sinner make way to this mansion,
All his past sins are to be washed away,
The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs;
And the sun and the moon shed tears from their
In this world this edifice has been made;
To display thereby the creator’s glory.
------------ SHAH JAHAN