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Bonus shares and_esop


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Bonus shares and_esop

  1. 1. Bonus shares Bonus issue is also one of the ways to raise capital but it does not bring in any fresh capital. Some companies distribute profits to existing shareholders by way of fully paid bonus shares instead of paying them a dividend. Bonus shares are issued in the ratio of the existing shares held. The shareholders do not have to pay for bonus shares but the retained earnings are converted into capital. Thus, bonus shares enable the company to restructure its capital. Bonus is the capitalisation of free reserves. Higher the free reserves, higher are the chances of a bonus issue forthcoming from a corporate. Bonus issues create excitement in the market as the shareholders do not have to pay for them and in addition, they add to their wealth. A bonus issue results in an increase in the company's equity capital. A bonus issue by a company indicates management's confidence in strong earnings growth and maintenance of its present level of dividend rate in the future Bonus shares A listed company proposing to issue bonus shares shall comply with the following: 1. 2. The bonus issue shall be made out of free reserves built out of the genuine profits or share premium collected in cash only. Reserves created by revaluation of fixed assets cannot be capitalised. The declaration of bonus issue, in lieu of dividend, cannot be made. 4. The bonus issue cannot be made unless the partly-paid shares, if any existing, are made fully paid-up. 5. The Company has not defaulted in payment of interest or principal in respect of fixed deposits and interest on existing debentures or principal on redemption thereof; and 3. 6. has sufficient reason to believe that it has not defaulted in respect of the payment of statutory dues of the employees such as contribution to provident fund, gratuity, bonus, etc. 7. A company which announces its bonus issue after the approval of the Board of Directors must implement the proposal within a period of 6 months from the date of such approval and shall not have the option of changing the decision. 8. The Articles of Association of the company shall contain a provision for capitalisation of reserves, etc. 9. If there is no such provision in the Articles the company shall pass a Resolution at its general body meeting making provisions in the Articles of Associations for capitalisation. 10. Consequent to the issue of Bonus shares if the subscribed and paidup capital exceeds the authorised share capital, a Resolution shall be passed by the company at its general body meeting for increasing the authorised Capital.
  2. 2. 11. No company shall, pending conversion of FCDs/PCDs, issue any shares by way of bonus unless similar benefit is extended to the holders of such FCDs/PCDs, through reservation of shares in proportion to such convertible part of FCDs or PCDs. The shares so reserved may be issued at the time of conversion(s) of such debentures on the same terms on which the bonus issues were made. Example Reliance Power Bonus Share Record Date announced - June 02, 2008 Reliance Power limited (REPL) has announced the record date for its bonus shares, June 02, 2008. Company will issue 3 bonus shares for every 5 shares hold by investors at the end of day June 02, 2008. :Tata Consultancy Services, the country's largest software firm, on Thursday said it has allotted its over 97.86 crore equities to the investors of the company under the bonus share issue offer. Over 97.86 crore shares have been allotted to the shareholders of the company, TCS said in a filing to the BSE. Shareholders of the company have already approved the issue of bonus shares in the ratio of 1:1, it added. Bank of Rajasthan will issue over 26.8 million bonus shares in the ratio of one bonus share for every five shares Bank of Rajasthan will issue over 26.8 million bonus shares in the ratio of one bonus share for every five shares Equity/Ordinary Shares Stock Option or Employees Stock option: A method of marketing the securities of a company where are employees are encouraged to take shares - and subscribe to it is known as 'stock option'. It is a voluntary scheme on the part of the company to encourage ,employees' participation in the company. The scheme also offers an incentive to the employees to stay in the -company. The scheme is particularly useful in the case of companies whose business activity is dominantly -used on the talent of the employees, as in the case of software industry. The scheme helps retain their most Productive employees in an industry. Company whose securities are listed on any stock exchange can introduce the scheme of employees' stock option. The offer can be made subject to the conditions specified below: 1. Issue at discount 2. Approval: Issue of stock options at a discount to the market price would be regarded as another form of employee compensation and would be treated as such in the financial statements of the company regardless the quantum of discount on the exercise price of the options. The issue of ESOPs is subject to the approval by the shareholders through a special resolution. 3. Maximum limit There would be no restriction on the maximum number of shares to be issued to a single employee. However, in cases of employees being offered more than I percent shares, a
  3. 3. specific disclosure and approval would be necessary in the AGM. 4. Minimum period 5. Superintendence 6. Eligibility 7. • • • • A minimum period of one year between grant of options and its vesting has been subscribed. After one year, the company would determine the period during which the option can be exercised. The operation of the ESOP Scheme would have to be under the superintendence and direction of a Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors in which there would be a majority of independent directors. ESOP scheme is open to all permanent employees and to the directors of the company but not promoters and shareholders. The scheme would be applicable to the employees of the subsidiary or a holding company with the express approval of the shareholders. Director's report The Director's report shall make a disclosure of the following: Total number of shares as approved by the shareholders The pricing formula adopted Details as to options granted, options vested, options exercised and options forfeited, extinguishments or modification of options, money realized by exercise of options, total number of options in force, employee-wise details of options granted to senior managerial personnel and to any other employee who receive a grant in any one year of options amounting to 5 percent or more of options granted during that year Fully diluted EPS computed in accordance with the AS Recent ESOPS issued by the company Hyderabad, June 24 The board of directors of Matrix Laboratories Ltd has allotted about 17.25 lakh equity shares of Rs 2 each to Matrix ESOP Trust under Employee Stock Option Plan schemes, the company said in a filing to the BSE. Consequent to this, the paid-up share capital of the Hyderabad-based company had increased to over Rs 31.26 crore, the release added. The board of directors of Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd approved the grant of 9,000 stock options, exercisable at par value of Rs 5 to the independent directors of the company under employees’ stock option scheme. It also granted another 9,000 stock options at par value of Rs 5 to them under its ADR stock option scheme. Further, the compensation committee of the board approved the grant of 3,50,840 stock options, exercisable at par value of Rs 5 to the employees of the company, the company informed BSE. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd, one of India’s largest listed media firms, said its board has approved an employee stock options (esop) programme for the benefit of its employees and directors. Stock options will be issued over a period of five years and would be convertible into equity shares up to maximum of 5% of paid up capital of the company. ZEEL is part of the Subhash Chandra (pictured) -promoted Essel Group. “The employee stock options scheme, subject to shareholders approval, is a mechanism to not only reward the efforts of the
  4. 4. employees, as also to develop a greater ownership and to develop a stronger foundation for the future,” CEO Puneet Goenka said in a statement. The scheme is subject to the approval of shareholders of the company at the annual general meeting scheduled for 18 August.