Record high exports to us making pakistan 7 largest market.In 2008 record low growth because of
This presentation is prepared by students of Institute of management sciences purely for academic purposes.
Challenges Faced By Pakistan Textile Industry
Challenges Faced By
Pakistan Textile Industry
BBA 5rd Semester A
Batch 2010- 2014
Sardar Abdul Saboor
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production
of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of
clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be
natural, or synthetic
Cotton Ginning Filaments Weaving
Pakistan has dynamic, vigorous and export oriented textile
industry that has an overwhelming impact on economy.
Textile being largest industrial sector generates the country’s
highest export earnings of about 58%; providing the bulk of
employment (39%) to largely under utilized workforce, and
contributes 8.5% to GDP.
Textile industry trend during
last ten years.
The Multi Fibre
governed the world trade in
textiles and garments from
1974 through 2004,
imposing quotas on the
amount developing countries
could export to developed
Economic survey of Pakistan
• Energy Shortage
– As a consequence of load shedding the textile production
capacity of various subsectors has been reduced. The
representatives of the all textile associations presented their
serious concerns on the huge losses being incurred due to
electricity & gas load shedding and the instant rise in the
Electricity tariff. They said that the industry has already
been crippled due to record high load shedding.
• High Taxes
– The provisions of Finance Bill 2009-10 are not textile
industry friendly at all. Provisions like reintroduction of
0.5% minimum tax on domestic sales, 1% withholding tax
on import of textile and articles, 16% Federal Excise Duty
on banking and insurance services besides withdrawal of
exemption of 16% sales tax and 4% withholding tax on
machinery and parts in the Finance Bill 2009-10 are badly
affecting already crippled industry.
• Image Problem
– United States cancel more than 50% of textile orders of
Pakistan .US also impose a high duties on the import of
textile of Pakistan which effect the export in a bad manner.
US & EU are the major importer of Pakistan textile which
creates a huge difference in export of Pakistan textile after
imposing a restriction on import of Pakistani textile goods.
• Cotton Production
The cotton production dropped to 12.845 million bales up to
March 15, 2013 as against 14.548 million bales produced in
the corresponding period last year.
Data was jointly compiled by the Pakistan Cotton Ginners Association, All
Pakistan Textile Mills Association and Karachi Cotton Association.
Raw material Prices
Lack of new investment
Lack of Research & development (R&D)
Because of these problems Pakistan’s exports which declined by
over 9.64% during the last 11 months. On the contrary, the
textile exports from India, China and Bangladesh have
increased by 5%, 6% and 8% respectively during the same
Chairman Rana Arif Tauseef
Pakistan Textile Exporters Association(2012)
Textile Policy 2009 – 2014
Textile Policy 2009 – 2014
– Support development of allied industry
– Promote research and development
– Encourage exports
The primary target of the policy will be to double the rate of
value addition in textiles chain from the present $ 1 billion per
million-bales to $2 billion per million- bales over the next five
• Revision of Government policies is required
– There are non-conducive government policies in term of
bank loans and interest rates.
– The government may give subsidies to share the burden of
• Focus on Value Addition
– Pakistan is a leading exporting nation in raw yarn, cotton,
and fabrics. If we emphasis on the value added products
like garments, Hosiery, knitwear and other textile madeups,
the export volume of textiles can be increased by
manifolds. In this respect top priority should be given to
stitching industry that leads to highest value addition and
• Technology Modernization
– Sophisticated technology should be introduced to compete
with the other countries (India, Bangladesh & China) in the
global market in term of cost and quality.
• Human Resources Development
• The Textile Board should establish a separate training wing as
a Center of Human Resource Development where training
courses should be conducted for the capacity building of labor.
There is also urgent need to increase the number of such
Vocational Institutions where modern technical education is