Levi Strauss & Co.                     1
ehshandbook@levi.com :2   2007   –
3    ........................................................................................................................
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‫. ﺏ. ﺗﻘﻴﻴـﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃـﺮ‬                                                                                    ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌ...
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‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬                                                                              ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌ...
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‫ﺕ. ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬                                                                                                   ...
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‫ﺙ. ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬                                                                                                ‫ﺍﳉــﺰ...
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‫ﺟـ. ﺍﻹﺿـــﺎﺀﺓ‬                                                                                                           ...
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‫ﺣـ. ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓــﺔ‬                                                                                         ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪...
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‫ﺧـ. ﺳﻼﻣــﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪Y‬‬                                                                                                  ...
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‫ﺩ. ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ / ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬                                                                            ...
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‫ﺫ. ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬                                                                                                  ...
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‫ﺭ. ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬                                                                                    ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌ...
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Environment health and_safety_supplement_to_the_toe_guidebook-arabic

  1. 1. Levi Strauss & Co. 1
  2. 2. ehshandbook@levi.com :2 2007 –
  3. 3. 3 ........................................................................................................................4 .................................................................................................................... :I6 ............................................................................................................................... .8 ............................................................................................................................ .10 ....................................................................................................................... .13 ....................................................................................................................... .16 ................................................................................................................................ .19 ........................................................................................................................ .22 ......................................................................................................................... .25 ................................................................................................... ( / ) .28 ..................................................................................................................... .31 ....................................................................................................................... .34 ...................................................................................................................36 ................................................................................................................. .40 ................................................................................................................................... .41 .................................................................................................................. .44 ................................................................................................................ .47 ................................................................................................................. . III51 ............................................................................................................................................. .153 ........................................................................................................................................ .260 .......................................................................................................................... .361 ............................................................................................................................. .462 ................................................................................................................. .563 ................................................................................................................ (Lock-out/Tag-out) / .665 .................................................................................................................................... .774 .................................................................................................................................. .875 ................................................................................................................................... .977 ............................................................................................................................... .1080 ............................................................................................................................... .11 :II84 ........................................................................................................ .85 ........................................................................................................................... .187 ............................................................................................................................ .289 ............................................................................................................ / .391 ................................................................................................................................... .493 ......................................................................................................................... .594 .......................................................................................................................... .6 1
  4. 4. :III 98 .......................................................................................................................... . 101 ............................................................................................................. . III 105 ................................................................................................................. .1 106 ...................................................................................................................... – .2 :IV 110 ................................................................................................. . 113 ........................................................................................................................ . 115 .......................................................................................................................... . 118 ..................................................................................................................... . 121 ......................................................................................................... . 124 ............................................................................................................ . III 127 .......................................................................................................................................... .1 129 ............................................................................................................... – .2 136 ....................................................................................... – .3 :V 144 .............................................................................................................. . III 149 .................................................................................................. (GEG) .1 150 .......................................................................................................................................... .2 151 .............................................................................................................................................. .3 152 ............................................................................................................................ .4 154 ..................................................................................................................................... .5 155 ........................................................................................................................................... .6 157 ................................................................................................................................... : .7 161 .......................................................................................................................... : .8 163 ..................................................................................................................... : .9 164 ................................................................................................................... : .10 165 ........................................................................................ (POTW) .11 166 ................................................................................................ .12 167 ........................................................................................................ .13 168 ........................................................................................................................................ .14 169 ........................................................................................................... : .15 171 ........................................................................................................... : .16 172 .............................................................. (POTW) / : .17 176 ................................................................................................................................................ .182 2007 –
  5. 5. (EHS) 12 11 . . . 800 . (EHS) . . " " . . LS&Co. ( ): 4. " " ." " " " . LS&CO . : . 3
  6. 6. (TOE) : ZT . / . ZT ZT . . ZT ) ZT . IA ZT ( : IA . / IA .IA IA .ZT 2 ( : ) . 2 IA .( ) : CI . / . 6 .CI . .. ( ) CI . ... PPE4 2007 –
  7. 7. :I 5
  8. 8. . . . . . .1 . .2 . .3 . 5 .4 : : : • . . . ( ) . . • . • . • ) • ( ( ) •. • • . : • http://europe.osha.eu.int/info : http://www.osha.gov/ : .6 2007 –
  9. 9. ‫. ﺏ. ﺗﻘﻴﻴـﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﺳﺎﺀ ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺮﺅﺳﺎﺀ ﻳﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺤﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫• ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻟﻼﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻘﺮﺍﺋﺘﺔ.‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﺘﺘﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻬﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﳌﺪﺓ ﺧﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﺮﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺴﲔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺀ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﲢﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ. ﺗﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺑﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺩﺍﺭﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﲟﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳒﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﻗﺘﺮﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ:‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫7‬
  10. 10. . . . . .1 • • • . (MSDS) • . . : . ( ) () . • .( ) . .( ) • . . • . . •8 2007 –
  11. 11. ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻴﲔ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺎﺕ ﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻭﲢﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ.‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺩﺍ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﻮﻟﺔ ﺗﻔﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ.‬ ‫• ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺗﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺗﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﺗﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺰﻭﻡ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• _‪EU: http://agency.osha.eu.int/good_practice/sector/agriculture/faq_agriculture/faq‬‬ ‫‪entry.2005-09-19.3015163534/view?searchterm=risk%20assessments‬‬ ‫• ‪UK: http://www.eihms.surrey.ac.uk/robens/erg/Test%20area/GRA_revised_doc.pdf‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫9‬
  12. 12. . . . . . . .1 .( ) .2 . . .3 . .4 . .5 . .6 : • .. . • . . • : ) . • : ) .( ( . " " " " " " • ) ( .... ) • .(10 2007 –
  13. 13. : • .( ). . • . . ( ) . 3 • .( ) • ( 50) 15 . • .( ) ( 75) 23 • . :.( ) ( ) • : • . . . . • . ( ) • : : . . " " • .( ) • .( ) • 11
  14. 14. ‫ﺕ. ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫• ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﶈﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ:‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺒﺄ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ )ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ(,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺀ,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ.‬ ‫«‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﺪﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﰎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﻭ ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﰎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺬﻳﺮ ﻭﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭﻭﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﲤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=emergency+preparedness‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/index.html‬‬ ‫• ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ )ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ(‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v12 2.0 April‬‬
  15. 15. . . . : .1 .( ) 2 150 •61 .( ) 3 150 . ( 200) . 4 1000 • • . . . .2 . ( ) .3 . .4 ( 32) 81 • ( 36) 91 • ( 36) 91 • ( 36) 91 • . .5 .( ) 13
  16. 16. . .6 ( 100) 30 • . ( 6) 15 . • ." " • . .7 " " : . .8 ) • .( . • . • .( ) •14 2007 –
  17. 17. ‫ﺙ. ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻭﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ. ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﳌﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺃﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻳﻔﻰ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ.‬ ‫• ﺃﺿﻒ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻕ.ﺩ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ )ﻣﺜﻼ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ(.‬ ‫• ﻭﺿﺢ ﳑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻰ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻋﻰ‬ ‫• ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﻧﺤﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫51‬
  18. 18. . . . . . .1 : (Lux) .2 (Lux) 50 ( ) 200 500 750 1995 :16 2007 –
  19. 19. : : • ( 1) 10 ( 1) 10 .. 10 ( ) ( 0.1) 1 • . : . 30 30 • .( ) • . . • : . • . • .( ) • 17
  20. 20. ‫ﺟـ. ﺍﻹﺿـــﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻷﺿﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﺭﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻭ/ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﺿﻌﻴﻔﺔ ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻷﺿﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺃﺧﺬﺍ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ )ﻣﺜﻼ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻭﺻﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ( ﻋﲔ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ ﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻻ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﺮﺕ‬ ‫• ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺇﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻛﻞ ٠٣ ﻳﻮﻡ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﻋﻤﻞ ﲤﺮﻳﻦ ﺃﺧﻼﺀ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻓﻘﻂ.‬ ‫• ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻄﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻔﻰ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ:‬ ‫• ﺇﳒﻠﺘﺮﺍ: ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻭﺍﻹﺿﺎﺀﺓ:‬ ‫11=‪http://www.cibse.org/index.cfm?go=home.show&PageID=68&TopSecID‬‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v18 2.0 April‬‬
  21. 21. . . : . . . • .( ) • . •. • . . .1 . .2 ( ) .3 . . .4 . ( ) .5 . .6 .( 25) 7.5 .7 . .8 . : 19
  22. 22. . . • .( ) • . . • . .( ) • : • . . . .20 2007 –
  23. 23. ‫ﺣـ. ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓــﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫• ﺇﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ. ﺣﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﻭﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ‬ ‫• ﻧﻈﻒ ﻭﺃﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺒﻨﻲ ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ. ﺃﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻒ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ.‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻦ‬ ‫• ﺧﺰﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺠﺐ.‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺃﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻧﻈﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=housekeeping‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ )ﻛﻨﺪﺍ، ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(‬ ‫‪http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/house.html‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫12‬
  24. 24. . . . . . . .1 . ( ) .2 . . .3 .(Hard wired connection) .4 . • . • . • . • . • . .( " " "LOTO" ) .(Tag-out, Lock-out). .. 120 . • . . • .( ). ( ) • .22 2007 –
  25. 25. . • . . . .(.. 480 V, 380 V, 220 V) • .( ) • ( 3 1) • . ( ) • .. • . . . • 23
  26. 26. ‫ﺧـ. ﺳﻼﻣــﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪Y‬‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﻼﻙ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﻘﻰ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﲢﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺿﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﳋﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ.‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺔ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺉ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺍﻻﺭﺿﻰ ﺑﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻻﻣﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﲔ ﻭ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﻥ ﻳﺘﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻣﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ،‬ ‫• ﺭﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻑ ﺍﻻﺭﺿﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺭﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻃﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﺰﻭﻡ.‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻄﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻬﻞ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﻻﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﻼﻙ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺨﺔ.‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﻞ )ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻙ(‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻭﻻ ﲤﺜﻞ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻖ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ.‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺨﺪﻡ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ )ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ، ‪ ،OSHA‬ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha-slc.gov/dts/osta/lototraining/index.htm‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ )ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=lockout+tagout‬‬ ‫‪+http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=electrical‬‬ ‫‪http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/elec_sfy.html‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﻴﺔ:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3075.pdf‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3007.pdf‬‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v24 2.0 April‬‬
  27. 27. / . . " " (Lock out / Tog out) . . . " / " .1 . . .2 . " / " .3 Lock out • . . • .. Lock out / Tog out / • 3 • . : • .( ) .( ) .( ) Tag out / Lock out . Lock out • 25
  28. 28. . Lock out/ Tag • . Tag out Lock out • . / / • . . • . .Lock out/ Tag out / ( ) . . "Off" .1 . .2 . .3 .( ) .4 . ( ) .5 . .6 . "On" .7 . .1 . .2 . ( ) .3 "Off" .4 .( ) .5 . .6 . .7 . .8 . .9 . .10 . .11 : .12 . • . • . • . • ."On" • . • . .1326 2007 –
  29. 29. ‫ﺩ. ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ / ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﲢﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻣﺘﺪﺭﺑﲔ ﻭﻣﺼﺮﺡ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺑﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺼﻴﺎﻧﺘﻬﺎ. ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﺡ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻭﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﺡ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﻤﻞ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻭﻗﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻭ ﺇﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﺢ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻻﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺪﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺰﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ )ﺑﺪﻝ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ(.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻗﻢ ﲟﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ‪Lock-out Tag-out‬‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=lockout+tagout‬‬ ‫• ‪[Lock-out Tag-out [U.S. OSHA, linked from EU‬‬ ‫‪http://www.osha-slc.gov/dts/osta/lototraining/index.htm‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫72‬
  30. 30. . . . . . . .1 . .2 .3 . . .4 • .( ) . • . ( ) • . . • . • ( ) . • .( ) • . • . • . •28 2007 –
  31. 31. : . • : . • . • . • . • . ( 2) 5 • . • . •. • . • .( ) • .. • . • 29
  32. 32. ‫ﺫ. ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻣﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻣﻜﺸﻮﻓﺔ ﻗﺪ ﰎ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﻭﺩﻳﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺃﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺸﻐﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺒﻄﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺇﻓﺤﺺ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺒﻄﻴﻠﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v30 2.0 April‬‬
  33. 33. . . . . . . : . .1 : .2 . • . • . .3. . .4 : .5 . • . • . .6 .7 . 31
  34. 34. . • : . • .( ) .( ) . . • . • : . • . ( ) : . • . . . . . 3 • . . . • . • . •32 2007 –
  35. 35. ‫ﺭ. ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺠﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ. ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﻭﻳﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻟﻢ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺠﺤﻮﺍ ﻓﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﻭﻳﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺩﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﻗﺔ ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ.‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺤﺼﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺑﻠﻎ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻣﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺭﺩﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻞ ﺳﺎﺋﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻭﺗﺼﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫33‬

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