REFORESTATION Prepared by Azam Fariz Nisa’ Sheyreen
What is reforestation?• Reforestation is the restocking of existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted, an effect of deforestation.• Deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees.
Why is it important?• improve the quality of human life by soaking up pollution and dust from the air• The aim of reforestation is to plant more trees to replace the one that has been cut.• As more trees are planted, the effect of carbon dioxide emission to the environment can be lessen since the trees will absorb carbon dioxide(pollutants) and transfer it into breathable oxygen.• This process is called photosynthesis.• Since carbon dioxide is one of the major pollutants in the air, planting more trees will help to lessen the percentage of carbon dioxide in the air and thus, reducing the impacts of air pollution to human beings and other living things.
• Rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems• Deforestation is not the only reason for the destruction of our natural ecosystem.• Sometimes, natural phenomena such as landslides do destruct the natural habitat of living organisms in an ecosystem.• When reforestation is done in the destructed area, it helps to bring back the natural habitat of the living organisms and thus bringing back the balance of an ecosystem.
• Mitigate global warming• Forests absorb carbon dioxide through their photosynthesis cycle, and by using this idea, increasing forests with reforestation and discouraging deforestation will help mitigate global warming.• There are three major strategies available to mitigate carbon emissions through forestry activities: a) increase the amount of forested land through a reforestation process. - Most of our forested lands and landscapes has been changed due to deforestation. Reforestation helps to bring back the deforested area to its original landscapes by increasing the amount of forested land.
b) expand the use of forest products (fruits, rubber, water, medicine, bush meat, dyes, gums, fibres, food, saps, fodder, fish, wood, timber, chewing sticks) that will sustainably replace fossil-fuel emissionsc) reduce carbon emissions that are caused from deforestation. -When trees are cut down, there will be less trees to absorb the excessive amount of carbon dioxide in the air. That is why reforestation is done. The trees that has been cut down will be replaced and the impact of carbon emissions in the air can be reduced.
• Harvest for resources• Reforestation need not be only used for recovery of accidentally destroyed forests. In some countries, such as Finland, the forests are managed by the wood products and pulp and paper industry.• In such an arrangement, like other crops, trees are replanted wherever they are cut.• In Canada, the wood product and pulp and paper industry systematically replaces many of the trees it cuts, employing large numbers of summer workers for tree planting work.
What has been done?• From all around the world, incentives on reforestation has been introduced in order to encourage people to plant more trees.• Some incentives for reforestation can be as simple as a financial compensation.• Streck and Scholz (2006) explain how a group of scientists from various institutions have developed a compensated reduction of deforestation approach which would reward developing countries that disrupt any further act of deforestation.• Countries that participate and take the option to reduce their emissions from deforestation during a committed period of time would receive financial compensation for the carbon dioxide emissions that they avoided.• The funds received by the country could be invested to help find alternatives to the extensive cut down of forests.• This whole process of cutting emissions would be voluntary, but once the country has agreed to lower their emissions they would be obligated to reduce their emissions.
• In Java, Indonesia each newlywed couple is to give whoever is sermonizing their wedding 5 seedlings to combat global warming. Each couple that wishes to have a divorce has to give 25 seedlings to whoever divorces them.
Reserved forest In malaysia1. Bako National Park, Sarawak2. Endau-Rompin3. Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak4. Kinabalu National Park, Sabah5. Taman Negara6. Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary, Sandakan, Sabah