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 

 Born April 12, 1954
 American writer and
mountaineer
 Mostly known for writing about
the outdoors and/or mountain
clim...
Into the Wild is a non-fiction account of Chris
McCandless’s trek into the Alaskan wilderness and
his resulting death.
McCandless was a young,
idealistic guy who forms a
life philosophy based on
his upbringing and his
reading in college.
I...
 A motif is a recurring structure in a literary
(or, artistic) work that helps to establish the
major themes.
 This one,...
Over the course of this
unit, I am going to present
you with a variety of
meaningful quotes. I want
you to reflect on the...
STAY HUNGRY.
STAY FOOLISH.
-Steve Jobs, at a commencement address at Stanford University in 2005
Green Line #1
“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living
someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by
dogma—which is living with the re...
Who else, besides
Jobs, embodies
this idea of the
American Spirit?
 Born 1819; died 1892
 One of the most influential
poets in American literature
 In between Transcendentalism
and Reali...
When I heard the learn’d astronomer,
When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns
before me,
When I was shown the ...
1. Circle any words that you do not know.
2. The poem has two distinct, divergent parts. If you
had to divide it in half, ...

1830-1860
Puritanism
1472 - 1750
Rationalism
1750 - 1800
Romanticism
1820 - 1860

Transcendentalism
1830 - 1860
Realism

Naturalis...
transcendent: going beyond
ordinary limits; surpassing;
exceeding
Chris McCandless walked into
the woods to have a “raw an...
It’s a philosophical movement
that developed in the 1830s
and 1840s as a protest to the
general state of culture and
socie...
1. Humankind is inherently good.
2. Nature is a doorway to the spiritual world. God’s spirit
can be revealed through natur...
 Born 1803; died 1882
 He was a key contributor and
founder to the American
Transcendentalist Movement.
 He was exhilar...
“To speak truly,
few adult persons
can see nature.”
-Ralph Waldo Emerson (from “Nature”)
Green Line #2
“Standing on the bare ground—
my head bathed by the [carefree]
air, and uplifted into infinite
space—all mean egotism
vani...
 Where: Soccer Field
 Bring: Notebook and writing utensil—nothing else!
 Do Now: Write the following across the top of ...
How does an author tell us about a character?
1. Speech
o dialogue – conversation between characters
2. Appearance
3. Priv...
Direct – a writer tells us directly
what a character is like or what a
person’s motives are
Indirect – a writer shows us...
 When you directly quote from a text, you must add
an internal citation to the end of the quote.
 It is the author’s las...
Envy is ignorance.
Imitation is suicide.
-Ralph Waldo Emerson (from “Self-Reliance”)
Green Line #3
This is one of Emerson’s most famous
essays.
It was published in 1841.
It contains the most emphatic
statement of three...
Emerson is famous for a
multitude of highly quotable
aphorisms.
An aphorism is a short and sweet
saying that communicate...
 When you directly quote from a text, you must add
an internal citation to the end of the quote.
 It is the author’s las...
“It has become
appallingly obvious that
our technology has
exceeded our humanity.”
-Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
Green Line...
Are the technological
advancements we have
today helpful or harmful
to humans as a whole?
 Make two lists in your Literat...
 Go one entire school day without your cell phone.
 Drop it off with me Monday morning before the
first bell. Pick it up...
“I went to the woods because I
wished to live deliberately…
I wanted to live deep and suck
out all the marrow of life…”
-H...
 Born 1817; died 1862
 At the age of twenty-eight, Thoreau—a
Harvard graduate—seemed to be a
failure.
o failed attempt t...
 After all these “failures,” Thoreau went to live on his
buddy Emerson’s land, near Walden Pond.
 This two-year experime...
“Sometimes a man
wants to be stupid if it
lets him do a thing his
cleverness forbids.”-John Steinbeck from East of Eden
Gr...
“The sea's only gifts are harsh blows, and, occasionally,
the chance to feel strong. Now, I don't know much
about the sea,...
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The American Spirit

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The American Spirit

  1. 1.  
  2. 2. 
  3. 3.  Born April 12, 1954  American writer and mountaineer  Mostly known for writing about the outdoors and/or mountain climbing  Other works include Into Thin Air & Under the Banner of Heaven  Wrote for Outside and Rolling Stone magazines  Published Into the Wild in 1996
  4. 4. Into the Wild is a non-fiction account of Chris McCandless’s trek into the Alaskan wilderness and his resulting death.
  5. 5. McCandless was a young, idealistic guy who forms a life philosophy based on his upbringing and his reading in college. It is important to know that Alex = Chris. Let’s read the Author’s Note together.
  6. 6.  A motif is a recurring structure in a literary (or, artistic) work that helps to establish the major themes.  This one, however, is very prominent in real life American culture.  The American Spirit is embodied by: 1. irreverence (a lack of due respect) 2. breaking away from tradition 3. seeking adventure 4. striking out on one’s own 5. the desire to be completely free 6. the belief in the individual to overcome any obstacle 7. questioning authority
  7. 7. Over the course of this unit, I am going to present you with a variety of meaningful quotes. I want you to reflect on these quotes in your blue packet. (1) Put the quote in your own words. (2) Discuss its meaning. (3) Apply it to your life.
  8. 8. STAY HUNGRY. STAY FOOLISH. -Steve Jobs, at a commencement address at Stanford University in 2005 Green Line #1
  9. 9. “Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma—which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”
  10. 10. Who else, besides Jobs, embodies this idea of the American Spirit?
  11. 11.  Born 1819; died 1892  One of the most influential poets in American literature  In between Transcendentalism and Realism (the era that came next); he incorporated both styles in his work.  Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were admirers of his writing.
  12. 12. When I heard the learn’d astronomer, When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room, How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wander’d off by myself, In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time, Look’d up in perfect silence at the stars.
  13. 13. 1. Circle any words that you do not know. 2. The poem has two distinct, divergent parts. If you had to divide it in half, where would you draw the line? Do it now. 3. Underline all of the traditional math/science/school words you see in part one. 4. Why does the persona get tired and sick? 5. Why do the lines in part one all start with the repetition of “when”? 6. How would the persona prefer to examine the natural world? 7. Where do you see any of the seven elements of “The American Spirit” in this poem?
  14. 14.  1830-1860
  15. 15. Puritanism 1472 - 1750 Rationalism 1750 - 1800 Romanticism 1820 - 1860  Transcendentalism 1830 - 1860 Realism  Naturalism  Regionalism 1860 - 1920 Imagism 1912 - 1927 The Harlem Renaissance 1920 - 1935 POSTMODERNISM 1940s - TODAY The Lost Generation 1920 - 1930 MODERNISM 1900-1940s
  16. 16. transcendent: going beyond ordinary limits; surpassing; exceeding Chris McCandless walked into the woods to have a “raw and transcendent experience.”
  17. 17. It’s a philosophical movement that developed in the 1830s and 1840s as a protest to the general state of culture and society. McCandless was an avid reader of works by the American Transcendentalists.
  18. 18. 1. Humankind is inherently good. 2. Nature is a doorway to the spiritual world. God’s spirit can be revealed through nature. 3. Society and its institutions—namely organized religion and political parties—corrupt the purity of the individual. 4. Adhering to authority is only second to maintaining true individualism. Be yourself first. 5. Humankind is at its best when truly self-reliant and independent. 6. Intuition is more important than rationalism. Living in the moment is key.
  19. 19.  Born 1803; died 1882  He was a key contributor and founder to the American Transcendentalist Movement.  He was exhilarated by nature’s beauty and tranquility.  He felt he was in tune with himself when he communed with nature.  He encourages his readers to look directly at nature for this same purpose: to find yourself. Day 2
  20. 20. “To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature.” -Ralph Waldo Emerson (from “Nature”) Green Line #2
  21. 21. “Standing on the bare ground— my head bathed by the [carefree] air, and uplifted into infinite space—all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball. I am nothing. I see all.” Emerson had the desire to absorb—and be absorbed into— nature.
  22. 22.  Where: Soccer Field  Bring: Notebook and writing utensil—nothing else!  Do Now: Write the following across the top of a notebook page and sign it: I AM A TRANSPARENT EYEBALL.  Do Outside: Journal about your experience outside. What do you notice? What do you feel? What are you thinking about? How in tune with yourself are you?  Length: a notebook page; due at the end of the hour
  23. 23. How does an author tell us about a character? 1. Speech o dialogue – conversation between characters 2. Appearance 3. Private Thoughts 4. How Other Characters Feel 5. Actions o motivation – the reason a character thinks, feels, or acts the way he/she does
  24. 24. Direct – a writer tells us directly what a character is like or what a person’s motives are Indirect – a writer shows us a character but allows us to interpret for ourselves the kind of person we are meeting
  25. 25.  When you directly quote from a text, you must add an internal citation to the end of the quote.  It is the author’s last name and page number you found the quote inside parentheses. “And he wasn’t a nutcase, he wasn’t a sociopath, he wasn’t an outcast. McCandless was something else— although precisely what is hard to say. A pilgrim, perhaps” (Krakauer 85).
  26. 26. Envy is ignorance. Imitation is suicide. -Ralph Waldo Emerson (from “Self-Reliance”) Green Line #3
  27. 27. This is one of Emerson’s most famous essays. It was published in 1841. It contains the most emphatic statement of three of Emerson’s ongoing themes: oAvoid conformity! oAvoid foolish consistency! oFollow your own instincts and ideas!
  28. 28. Emerson is famous for a multitude of highly quotable aphorisms. An aphorism is a short and sweet saying that communicates a general truth, or perceptive observation.
  29. 29.  When you directly quote from a text, you must add an internal citation to the end of the quote.  It is the author’s last name and page number you found the quote inside parentheses. “And he wasn’t a nutcase, he wasn’t a sociopath, he wasn’t an outcast. McCandless was something else— although precisely what is hard to say. A pilgrim, perhaps” (Krakauer 85).
  30. 30. “It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.” -Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Green Line #4
  31. 31. Are the technological advancements we have today helpful or harmful to humans as a whole?  Make two lists in your Literature notes: o At least five positives off the “going off the grid.” • Examples: living in a warm house, easy access to food, etc. o At least five negatives of “going off the grid.” • Examples: reducing your carbon footprint, learning self- reliance, etc.
  32. 32.  Go one entire school day without your cell phone.  Drop it off with me Monday morning before the first bell. Pick it up right after school.  Write a ten-line reflection on the experience (due Tuesday). o What changed for you? o How did it affect you socially, emotionally, and academically?  You can receive up to 25 points of extra credit.
  33. 33. “I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately… I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life…” -Henry David Thoreau from Walden Green Line #5
  34. 34.  Born 1817; died 1862  At the age of twenty-eight, Thoreau—a Harvard graduate—seemed to be a failure. o failed attempt to be a schoolteacher o uninspiring orator o his girlfriend denied his proposal o no interest in the family business o close friends (like Emerson) had strong doubts about his ambition
  35. 35.  After all these “failures,” Thoreau went to live on his buddy Emerson’s land, near Walden Pond.  This two-year experiment was designed so Thoreau could rediscover “the grandeur and heroism of a simple life led close to nature” (Elements of Literature 231).  He wrote a book called Walden; in it, Thoreau explores what is necessary to have a rich and fulfilling life. o He found that he could give up most luxuries of life. o He found that most of his peers focused too much on work.
  36. 36. “Sometimes a man wants to be stupid if it lets him do a thing his cleverness forbids.”-John Steinbeck from East of Eden Green Line #6
  37. 37. “The sea's only gifts are harsh blows, and, occasionally, the chance to feel strong. Now, I don't know much about the sea, but I do know that that's the way it is here. And I also know how important it is in life not necessarily to be strong, but to feel strong, to measure yourself at least once, to find yourself at least once in the most ancient of human conditions, facing the blind, deaf stone alone with nothing to help you but your hands and your own head.” -Primo Levi

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