The american dream

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The american dream

  1. 1. THE AMERICANDREAM
  2. 2. Unit Goals•SWBAT identify faulty parallelism andincorporate parallel structure into theirwriting.•SWBAT conduct close readings to analyzeauthor’s purpose, diction, and style.
  3. 3. What’s Promised: The American Dream• The American Dream is a national philosophy of the UnitedStates, a set of ideals in which freedom includes theopportunity for prosperity and success, and an upwardsocial mobility can be achieved through hard work.• James Truslow Adams, the coiner of the phrase, wrote in1931, "life should be better and richer and fuller foreveryone, with opportunity for each according to ability orachievement regardless of social class or circumstances ofbirth.”BOTTOM LINE: YOU CAN MORPH INTO WHOMEVER YOUWANT TO BE, IF YOU WORK HARD ENOUGH.
  4. 4. Symbol: The Green Light• In The Great Gatsby, thegreen light is one of themajor symbols.• The green lightrepresents Gatsby’shopes and dreams forthe future.• It represents every facetof The American Dream:money, love, happiness.
  5. 5. Yet, F. Scott Fitzgerald once said:“There are nosecond acts inAmerican lives.”
  6. 6. from The Wire
  7. 7. Does The American Dream Overpromise?THINK-PAIR-SHARE:•What’s D’Angelo saying? What’s he mean?•Given the quote, what do you thinkFitzgerald’s take on The American Dreamis?•In 2013, what stands in the way of aperson’s total reinvention of self?
  8. 8. “The History of The American Dream”• We’ll read the introduction together as a class.• You will be assigned a group and an excerpt from the article to readtogether.1. The History of a Dream• Matt, Natalie, Zach, Harper, Alex D.2. Dream and Reality• Alex O., Ben, Nozima, Stephen, Jonathan3. The Crack-Up• Isaiah, Destini, Hailey, Wayne, Liam4. Restoring the Dream• Iskander, Greg, Katelyn, Jasmine, David• For the remainder of class, you will work on the group’s analysis of yourassigned excerpt following the guidelines on the handout I give you.• Friday, your group will lead a five-minute class discussion.
  9. 9. “The History of The American Dream”• We’ll read the introduction together as a class.• You will be assigned a group and an excerpt from the article to readtogether.1. Introduction• Denzel, Corey, Sara, Bonnie, Chris, Montrell2. The History of a Dream• Katie B., Matt, Danny, Chay, Wes3. Dream and Reality• Juliana, Nicky, Justin, Steven, Casey4. The Crack-Up• Kyle, Maddi, Rishon, Sam B., Mikkel5. Restoring the Dream• Katy, Sam H., Carington, Ben, Sam L-W• For the remainder of class, you will work on the group’s analysis of yourassigned excerpt following the guidelines on the handout I give you.• Friday, your group will lead a five-minute class discussion.
  10. 10. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS•This exercise asks you to look at importanttext in three ways.1. what an author says (IDENTIFICATION)2. what that text means (ANALYSIS)3. why that text is significant/essential tounderstanding (EXAMINATION)•Let’s look at my examples.
  11. 11. POSTMODERNISM1940s - TODAYPuritanism1472 - 1750Rationalism1750 - 1800Romanticism1820 - 1860Transcendentalism1830 - 1860RealismNaturalismRegionalism1860 - 1920Imagism1912 - 1927The HarlemRenaissance1920 - 1935The LostGeneration1920 - 1930MODERNISM1900-1940sAmerican Literary Movements
  12. 12. • Modernism was a literary movement that lastedroughly from WWI to WWII.• Modernist authors felt…1. alienation, like outsiders in their own society.2. disillusionment with an American culture they felt wasdecaying before their eyes. Where are all the heroes?3. existential angst, wondering, “Is this all there is in ameaningless, chaotic, godless world?”otherwords, reality bites. No wonder Williams usedwriting as an escape.What is Modernism?Day 1
  13. 13. • Modernist authors wanted…1. to explore America’s culture ofstriking contrasts• young and old• rich and poor• OLD MONEY AND NEW MONEY• haves and have-nots2. to create new literarytechniques in order to betterexpress themselves• stream-of-consciousness• surreal (dreamlike) imageryWhat is Modernism?Day 1
  14. 14. The Lost Generation• This name was given to a group of authors andartists who came of age during WWI.• The phrase was coined by writer GertrudeStein. She told Ernest Hemingway, “That iswhat you are. That is what you all are. You area lost generation.”• This group included The Great Gatsby authorF. Scott Fitzgerald and T.S. Eliot, the author of“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.
  15. 15. F. Scott Fitzgerald• Scott Fitzgerald was born September24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota.• His first novels success in 1920 madehim famous; he then marriedZelda, the woman he loved.• He published The Great Gatsby in1925.• He later descended into drinking, andhis wife had a mental breakdown.• Following the unsuccessful Tender isthe Night in 1934, Fitzgerald moved toHollywood and became a scriptwriter.• He died of a heart attack at 44, hisfinal novel only half completed.
  16. 16. Setting of the Novel• The novel takes place in thesummer of 1922 in Long Island andNew York City.• In 1922, Fitzgerald and hiswife, Zelda, moved to GreatNeck, Long Island, a locationpopulated by newly rich NewYorkers.• Across the bay was Cow Neck, atown where verywealthy, established families lived.• This juxtaposition between NEWMONEY and OLD MONEY gaveFitzgerald the idea for his fictionaltowns, West Egg and East Egg.
  17. 17. Old Money vs. New Money• Been in family for generations• Owns heirlooms (antique piecesfrom ancestors) of furniture orjewelry• Does not need to show wealthby purchasing extravagant items• Belongs to Elite Upper Class• Highly educated (Ivy League)• First generation with money• Owns all/mostly new pieces offurniture or jewelry• Feels the need to show wealthto impress others• Belongs to any class but theElite Upper Class• Not necessarily educatedOLD NEW
  18. 18. Character MapEAST EGGWEST EGGJay Gatsby
  19. 19. F. Scott Fitzgerald once said:“The Rich aredifferent thanyou or me.”
  20. 20. Reading Quiz Ch. 1 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. At this point in the novel, what isNick’s (the narrator) connectionto Gatsby?B. Are the Buchanans old money ornew money? How do you know?
  21. 21. Reading Quiz Ch. 1 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. How does Mr. Nick Carraway, thenarrator, find himself living onWest Egg?B. What is Gatsby doing at the veryend of the chapter?
  22. 22. Important Term: Hedonism•Hedonism is adevotion to pleasurethat becomes a way oflife.
  23. 23. Literary Term: Unreliable Narrator•An unreliable narrator is one, whether inliterature, film, or theatre, whosecredibility has been seriously compromised.•Credibility can be compromised by:• mental illness• immaturity• arrogance• lying
  24. 24. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS•This exercise asks you to look at importanttext in three ways.1. what an author says (IDENTIFICATION)2. what that text means (ANALYSIS)3. why that text is significant/essential tounderstanding (EXAMINATION)•Let’s look at my examples.
  25. 25. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS“And I hope she’ll be afool—that’s the bestthing a girl can be in thisworld, a beautiful littlefool” (Fitzgerald 17).
  26. 26. Reading Quiz Ch. 2 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Who is Myrtle?B. What does Myrtle do to makeTom angry?
  27. 27. Reading Quiz Ch. 2 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Who is George Wilson?B. What does Myrtle want Tom tobuy for her?
  28. 28. Movie Trailer: Coming May 10, 2013
  29. 29. Symbol: The Valley of the Ashes•It represents the moral and social decaythat results from the uninhibited pursuit ofwealth, as the rich indulge themselves withregard for nothing but their own pleasure.•The valley of ashes also symbolizes theplight of the poor, like George Wilson, wholive among the dirty ashes and lose theirvitality as a result.
  30. 30. Symbol: The Eyes of Dr. T.J. Eckleberg•Although it’sultimately unclear,the eyes mayrepresent Godstaring downupon and judgingAmerican societyas a moralwasteland.
  31. 31. Ch. 2 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 2.2. Word Choice: Examine the wayFitzgerald describes the symbols on p.23. What words are used to describe thevalley and the eyes? Make a list.3. Deep Thoughts: At first, it seems oddthat Tom would have a mistress thatcomes from a lower social class thanhim. In actuality, it’s preferable to him.Why might that be?
  32. 32. Reading Quiz Ch. 3 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Why is Nick embarrassed whenhe finally meets Gatsby?B. Who does Nick mostly hang outwith at Gatsby’s party (besidesGatsby)?
  33. 33. Reading Quiz Ch. 3 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. What is Nick invited to?B. What happens outside ofGatsby’s house as Nick is leavingthe party?
  34. 34. Ch. 3 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 3.• Quote 1: “He snatched the book from me andreplaced it hastily on its shelf, muttering that ifone brick was removed the whole library wasliable to collapse” (46).• Quote 2: Jordan says, “It takes two to make anaccident” (58).• Quote 3: Nick says, “Every one suspects himselfof at least one of the cardinal virtues, and thisis mine: I am one of the few honest people thatI have ever known” (59).
  35. 35. Ch. 3 PromptsWord Choice:Make a list of all the color andenumeration words used to describeGatsby’s party. Why does Fitzgerald usesthis diction? How does it help you, thereader?Deep Thoughts:Why does Fitzgerald include the drunkdriving accident in the book? What’s thepoint?
  36. 36. Reading Quiz Ch. 4 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Gatsby is friends with MeyerWolfsheim. How does thisrelationship help you understandhow Gatsby made his fortune?B. What did Daisy do the nightbefore she married Tom?
  37. 37. Reading Quiz Ch. 4 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. What does Meyer Wolfsheim dofor a living? In other words, howdoes he make money?B. Why did Gatsby really move toWest Egg?
  38. 38. Will the Real Jay Gatsby Please Stand Up?So, what elsedoes thissymbol nowrepresent?APPEALING APPALLING
  39. 39. Ch. 4 PromptsWord Choice:Reread Nick’s list of party goers on p.61-63. Look for a pattern in theirnames. What happens to them a yearafter all the parties? What point isFitzgerald trying to make about theseparty guests?Deep Thoughts:
  40. 40. Reading Quiz Ch. 5 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. What is Daisy’s reaction to seeingGatsby again after all these years?B. Why does Nick leave Gatsby’shouse without saying goodbye?
  41. 41. Reading Quiz Ch. 5 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Describe Gatsby’s and Daisy’sreunion.B. What is Daisy’s reaction to seeingGatsby’s house and possessions?
  42. 42. Ch. 5 PromptsWord Choice: On p. 86, Fitzgerald creates Gatsby andDaisy’s reunion. Make a list of words that helpestablish this awkward/tense mood.Deep Thoughts: Gatsby is tied to a clock twice in thisbook. What’s the significance?• Example 1: “His head leaned back so far that it rested againstthe face of a defunct mantelpiece clock… Luckily the clocktook this moment to tilt dangerously at the pressure of hishead, whereupon he turned and caught it with tremblingfingers and set it back in place… ‘I’m sorry about the clock’”(86).• Example 2: “He had been full of the idea so long, dreamed itright through to the end… Now, in the reaction, he wasrunning down like an overwound clock” (92).
  43. 43. Ch. 5 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 5.• Quote 1: “Possibly it had occurred to him thatthe colossal significance of that light had nowvanished forever… Now it was again a greenlight on a dock. His count of enchanted objectsdiminished by one” (93).• Quote 2: “There must have been momentseven that afternoon when Daisy tumbled shortof his dreams—not through her own fault, butbecause of the colossal vitality of his illusion”(95).
  44. 44. Reading Quiz Ch. 6 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. What is Daisy’s reaction to herfirst Gatsby party?B. Tell me about a specific time youwitness the difference betweenold and new money in thischapter.
  45. 45. Reading Quiz Ch. 6 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Tell me all that you can about DanCody.B. Nick tells us that the Gatsby partyin this chapter is different for himthan others. How so?
  46. 46. Ch. 6 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 6.• Quote 1:Nick: “I wouldn’t ask too much of her *Daisy+. Youcan’t repeat the past.”Gatsby: “Can’t repeat the past? Why of course youcan!” (110).• Quote 2: “He wanted nothing less of Daisy than thatshe should go to Tom and say: “I never loved you”(109).• Quote 3: “He talked a lot about the past, and Igathered that he wanted to recover something, someidea of himself perhaps, that had gone into lovingDaisy” (110).
  47. 47. Ch. 6 PromptsWord Choice: In this chapter, we get to see the subtle differencesbetween the two kinds of rich people: old and new money. Lookback and tell me what words help you understand the differencebetween West Egg and East Egg.• Example 1: “…I felt an unpleasantness in the air, a pervadingharshness that hadn’t been there before. Or perhaps I hadmerely grown used to it, grown to accept West Egg as a worldcomplete in itself, with its own standards and its own greatfigures, second to nothing because it had no consciousness ofbeing so…” (104).• Example 2: “But the rest offended her—and inarguably, becauseit wasn’t a gesture but an emotion. She was appalled by WestEgg…appalled by its raw vigor…” (107).Deep Thoughts: Why don’t we get any of the juicy details aboutDaisy’s affair with Gatsby?
  48. 48. Reading Quiz Ch. 7 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Who kills Myrtle? How?B. Who does Daisy pick: Tom orGatsby?
  49. 49. Reading Quiz Ch. 7 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. How does Myrtle die?B. Who does Daisy pick: Tom orGatsby?
  50. 50. Ch. 7 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 7.• Quote 1: “Gatsby and I in turn leaned down andtook the small reluctant hand. Afterward he keptlooking at the child with surprise. I don’t think hehad ever really believed in its existence before”(117).• Quote 2:Nick: “She’s got an indiscreet voice… It’s full of—”Gatsby: “Her voice is full of money.”That was it. I’d never understood it before. It wasfull of money—that was the inexhaustible charmthat rose and fell in it…” (120).
  51. 51. Ch. 7 Prompts (pick 1/2)Deep Thoughts 1: On p. 131, Daisy tells Tom he’srevolting. And, she really does love Gatsby. But, Tom isright—ultimately, Gatsby can’t destroy the Buchanans’marriage. In fact, Tom’s so confident that he lets Daisyride home with Gatsby. Why can’t Gatsby take Daisyaway from Tom?Deep Thoughts 2: Throughout this chapter, Nick israther invisible. Instead of participating, he is more ofan observer. On p. 135, he becomes activeagain, remembering that it’s his birthday. Starting with“I was thirty,” do a close reading of p. 135-136, endingwith “So we drove on…” Why, all of a sudden, doesNick feel so utterly hopeless?
  52. 52. Ch. 7 Prompts (pick 1/2)Deep Thoughts 3: Why is Myrtle’s deathironic? And, out of all the characters, whyis she the one to die?Deep Thoughts 4: At the end of thischapter, Gatsby is standing outside onDaisy’s green grass, full of longing, justlike he was at the end of Ch. 1. What’sdifferent now?
  53. 53. The Death of the American DreamWhat is thischapter sayingabout who winsand who loses inAmerica?
  54. 54. Reading Quiz Ch. 8 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Who comes to Gatsby’s funeral?B. How does Gatsby die?
  55. 55. Reading Quiz Ch. 8 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Describe Nick’s last momentsface-to-face with Gatsby.B. Who kills Gatsby and why?
  56. 56. Ch. 8 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 8.• Quote 1: “…Gatsby was overwhelmingly aware ofthe youth and mystery that wealth imprisons andpreserves, of the freshness of many clothes, andof Daisy, gleaming like silver, safe and proud abovethe hot struggles of the poor” (150).• Quote 2: “‘They’re a rotten crowd,’ I shoutedacross the lawn. ‘You’re worth the whole damnbunch put together.’ I’ve always been glad I saidthat. It was the only compliment I ever gavehim, because I disapproved of him from beginningto end” (154).
  57. 57. Ch. 8 PromptsWord Choice: Reread the last page (or so) of thechapter, beginning on p. 161 with “Gatsby shoulderedthe mattress…” These paragraphs include two violentdeaths, yet, Fitzgerald’s writing style makes even deathsound beautiful. How does he do this?!? Think aboutdiction, tone, mood, figurative language, etc.Deep Thoughts: Think about the weather motif in thisnovel. The most tension-filled day in Ch. 7 (the Tom-Gatsby showdown, Myrtle’s death) takes place on thehottest day of the summer. Gatsby dies on a day thatfeels like the start of autumn. What’s the significance?(Think back to what Jordan said about the seasons onp. 118).
  58. 58. Reading Quiz Ch. 9 AAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. Who comes to Gatsby’s funeral?B. Where does Nick decide to move?
  59. 59. Reading Quiz Ch. 9 BAnswer these questions in completesentences to receive full credit:A. What happens when Nick callsDaisy to tell her about Gatsby’sfuneral?
  60. 60. Ch. 9 Prompts1. SAYS • MEANS • MATTERS for Ch. 9.• Quote 1: “Oh, and do you remember”—[Jordan]added—”a conversation we had once about driving acar? You said a bad driver was only safe until she metanother bad driver? Well, I met another baddriver, didn’t I? I thought you were rather anhonest, straightforward person…” (177).• Quote 2: “They were careless people, Tom andDaisy—they smashed up things and creatures andthen retreated back into their money or their vastcarelessness, or whatever it was that kept themtogether, and let other people clean up the mess theyhad made…” (154).
  61. 61. Ch. 9 PromptsWord Choice: Reread the very lastpage of the book. What hashappened to the color green overtime? It meant one thing when thecountry was being settled, and now itmeans another. How has greenchanged?Deep Thoughts: Think about the lastpage again. Does the book end on apositive or negative note? What isthe final message about the hope ofthe American Dream?
  62. 62. Other Titles Fitzgerald Considered…•Trimalchio•Gold-hatted Gatsby•The High-Bouncing Lover•On the Road to West Egg
  63. 63. Final ParagraphPROMPT: How are readers ultimately supposed to infer thetitle of The Great Gatsby? Is it sincere? If so, why is Gatsbygreat? Or, is it ironic? If so, then why is he the opposite ofgreat?INSTRUCTIONS: Respond to the prompt in a paragraph of fivesentences.1. Start with an effective topic sentence.2. Use transitions between sentences, correctpunctuation, strong parallelism, third-person point ofview, and academic diction/tone!3. Finish with a thought-provoking conclusion statement.
  64. 64. Claude McKay (1890-1948)• McKay emerged as the firstand most militant voice ofthe Harlem Renaissance.• He had great racialpride, showing contempt forracism throughout his poetry.• His most aggressive poemschallenged the whiteauthority in America.
  65. 65. “America” by Claude McKayAlthough she feeds me bread of bitterness,And sinks into my throat her tigers tooth,Stealing my breath of life, I will confessI love this cultured hell that tests my youth.Her vigor flows like tides into my blood, 5Giving me strength erect against her hate,Her bigness sweeps my being like a flood.Yet, as a rebel fronts a king in state,I stand within her walls with not a shredOf terror, malice, not a word of jeer. 10Darkly I gaze into the days ahead,And see her might and granite wonders there,Beneath the touch of Times unerring hand,Like priceless treasures sinking in the sand.
  66. 66. How does “America” treatthe poems’ speaker?1.2.3.4.5.How does the speakerrespond?1.2.3.4.5.The Joy is in the Struggle

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