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Presentation given Nov 25, 2012International Peace Research Association                                                   ...
What does this……have to do with this ?
Why do humans turn to nature, andrestoring nature, in the wake of conflictand disaster?Of what use might greening in human...
HUMAN VULNERABILITY & SECURITY CONTEXTS ….                    +                    +Population growth       Climate Change...
What is a red zone? “Red Zones” refer to multiple settings (spatial and temporal) that may be characterized as intense, po...
What is greening?• “Greening” is an active and integrated approach to the  appreciation, stewardship and management of liv...
Some examplesRestoration of Iraq’s wetlands, supported by community-based natural resourcesmanagement among Iraq’s Marsh A...
Evidence of the importance of greeningscientific journal articlesscholarly bookspopular press and news mediapublic initiat...
Why should we do it?• Contributes shared sense of identity / rebuilding identity post-crisis• Leads to improved psychologi...
Systems implications• Crises open up opportunities for renewal• Within the context of resilience, greening  operates back ...
Attention to locally derived solutions• Assets can be identified even in dystopic  environments• Small cases may point to ...
How does it work?                                 Tidball, KG. 2012. Urgent Biophilia: Human-Nature Interactions and Biolo...
WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? FINDING 1 -- There appears to be a “greening in the red zone process or cycle” that contains fundam...
1, Individuals gravitate toward available green assets                                                         2. Use avai...
WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? FINDING 2 -- Within this “greening in the red zone process” there are at least five important mecha...
2. Use available green1, Individuals gravitate toward available green assets                                              ...
What is the recipe?Remember   Recognize   Decide   Learn   Invest   Document   Capitalize
Why is GRZ important to Peace           Research?• Explicit example of critical importance of human  interdependence with ...
IN CONCLUSION…“…emerging consensus that the changing relationshipbetween human beings and the sustainingcapabilities of th...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                   Northern Research Station                   New York City Urban Field Station
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Greening in the Red Zone: Community-based Ecological Restoration to Enhance Resilience and Transitions Toward Peace

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Greening in the Red Zone: Community-based Ecological Restoration to Enhance Resilience and Transitions Toward Peace

  1. 1. Presentation given Nov 25, 2012International Peace Research Association in the General Conference Ecology and Peace Commission Tsu City, Mie Prefecture, Japan Community-based Ecological Restoration to Enhance Resilience and Transitions Toward Peace Keith G. Tidball, PhD kgtidball@cornell.edu www.civicecology.org
  2. 2. What does this……have to do with this ?
  3. 3. Why do humans turn to nature, andrestoring nature, in the wake of conflictand disaster?Of what use might greening in humanvulnerability and security contexts be inmanaging social-ecological systems forresilience and transitions to peace?
  4. 4. HUMAN VULNERABILITY & SECURITY CONTEXTS …. + +Population growth Climate Change Resource scarcity
  5. 5. What is a red zone? “Red Zones” refer to multiple settings (spatial and temporal) that may be characterized as intense, potentially or recently hostile or dangerous, including those associated with terrorist attacks and war, as well as in post-disaster situations caused by natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes.
  6. 6. What is greening?• “Greening” is an active and integrated approach to the appreciation, stewardship and management of living elements of social- ecological systems.• Greening takes place in cities, towns, townships and informal settlements in urban and peri-urban areas, and in the battlefields of war and of disaster.• Greening sites vary -- from small woodlands, public and private urban parks and gardens, urban natural areas, street tree and city square plantings, botanical gardens and cemeteries, to watersheds, whole forests and national or international parks.• Greening involves active participation with nature and in human or civil society (Tidball and Krasny 2007)—and thus can be distinguished from notions of ‘nature contact’ (Ulrich 1993) that imply spending time in or viewing nature, but not necessarily active stewardship.
  7. 7. Some examplesRestoration of Iraq’s wetlands, supported by community-based natural resourcesmanagement among Iraq’s Marsh Arabs & partnerships with the scientific communityReplanting of the Urban Forest of Sarajevo, Bosnia and HerzegovinaLiving Memorials creation throughoutNYC, Washington D.C. , andShanksville, PA after 9/11Establishment of Band-e- Amir NationalPark in the midst of conflict inAfghanistanConservation efforts in demilitarizedborder lands in the Korean peninsula andbetween Greece and Cyprus
  8. 8. Evidence of the importance of greeningscientific journal articlesscholarly bookspopular press and news mediapublic initiativeswebsitesblogs
  9. 9. Why should we do it?• Contributes shared sense of identity / rebuilding identity post-crisis• Leads to improved psychological, cognitive, and social health• Fosters deeper sense of self-worth as an individual contributes to the community’s overall well-being• Serves as basis for framing place meaning and identity, and for empowerment through demonstrable opportunities for community organizing• Restarts ecosystem services producing systems• Because greeners often form partnerships with NGOs, government, and universities, greening contributes additional benefits to polycentric governance approaches
  10. 10. Systems implications• Crises open up opportunities for renewal• Within the context of resilience, greening operates back and forth across boundaries of time and spatial scale• Red zone boundaries are fluid
  11. 11. Attention to locally derived solutions• Assets can be identified even in dystopic environments• Small cases may point to larger implications
  12. 12. How does it work? Tidball, KG. 2012. Urgent Biophilia: Human-Nature Interactions and BiologicalUrgent Biophilia Attractions in Disaster Resilience. Ecology and Society, 17(2). PD* Tidball, KG & RC Stedman. Positive Dependency and Virtuous Cycles: FromRestorative Topophilia Resource Dependence to Resilience in Urban Social-Ecological Systems. Ecological Economics. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.10.004Memorialization Tidball, KG, ME Krasny, E Svendsen, L Campbell, & K Helphand. 2010. Stewardship, Learning, and Memory in Disaster Resilience. “Resilience inMechanism Social-Ecological Systems: the Role of Learning and Education,” Special Issue of Environmental Education Research, 16(5): 341-357. Tidball, KG (Accepted; expected 2013). Trees and Rebirth: Social-EcologicalSocial-Ecological Symbols, Rituals and Resilience in Post-Katrina New Orleans. In: Tidball and Krasny, Eds., Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, Resilience, and CommunitySymbols and Rituals Greening. Springer publishing. *Positive Dependency complex
  13. 13. WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? FINDING 1 -- There appears to be a “greening in the red zone process or cycle” that contains fundamental key sequential components, but that likely is nuanced on a case-by-case basis reflecting landscape, disturbance intensity, and other factors.
  14. 14. 1, Individuals gravitate toward available green assets 2. Use available green assets 3. Clusters form- for therapeutic benefits- different paths/pace communities of practice 4. Restore and create new green assets 5. Larger greening movement emerges 7. New sites recruit new individuals; expand cycle 6. Greening activities Social-ecological system recover & restore sense of recovery & resilience processes place
  15. 15. WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? FINDING 2 -- Within this “greening in the red zone process” there are at least five important mechanisms that explain how the system functions from one sequential frame to the next: • Urgent Biophilia Positive Dependency • Restorative Topophilia • Memorialization • Symbol & Ritualization
  16. 16. 2. Use available green1, Individuals gravitate toward available green assets assets; experience 3. Clusters form- for therapeutic benefits- different paths/pace therapeutic benefits communities of practice 4. Restore and create new green assets 5. Larger greening movement emerges Memorialization SES Symbols & Red zone commences Urgent Biophilia mechanism Rituals mechanism mechanism Virtuous Cycle Restorative Topophilia mechanism mechanism Social-ecological system 6. Greening activities recovery & resilience processes recover & restore sense of place
  17. 17. What is the recipe?Remember Recognize Decide Learn Invest Document Capitalize
  18. 18. Why is GRZ important to Peace Research?• Explicit example of critical importance of human interdependence with the rest of nature• Power of acknowledging our innate biophilia, our love of life, as a powerful response to conflict and destruction• Points to the importance of remembering and reconstituting our ecological identity towards achieving balance amongst ourselves and other members of life’s systems• Optimistic potential to mitigate structural violence and replace with peaceful, sustainable coexistence
  19. 19. IN CONCLUSION…“…emerging consensus that the changing relationshipbetween human beings and the sustainingcapabilities of the global ecosystem is rapidlybecoming a significant source of human suffering. . .the concerns of peace research should similarly shiftaway from weaponry and military conflict to these newsources of conflict and misery found … within thelimited capabilities of the global environment.” Dennis Pirages, “The Greening of Peace Research”Perhaps now the concerns of peace research are shiftingagain, to new sources of resilience, and ecologicallybased transitions to peace and human security.
  20. 20. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Northern Research Station New York City Urban Field Station

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