Jean speaks for 1 minute on her impressions of New Orleans recovery generally, and how greening (trees) is playing a role in recovery, as evidenced by above quote.“strong partnerships, local leadership, and leveraged assets” are a huge part of the ReLeaf New Orleans effort and similar efforts throughout NOLA.
Describe Tree Troopers, value in recovery. Mention K. Tidball attended course and is now a NOLA Tree Trooper!Number of 2009 Tree Troopers, Total Number of Tree Troopers.76 graduates of Tree Troopers, tho there were about 175 participants in some phase of the course
How has Tidball’s work helped Jean? Helped Parkway Partners? Helped recovery in New Orleans?Mention visibility of efforts as in “The Canopy” article. Collaboration on a NUCFAC proposal. Potential collaboration on NOLA Urban ULTRA down the road. Other assistance potential?
BenefitsAffirmed direction.Reinforced the need to follow through tree planting at a time that the city was still going through triage. Some may have thought it superfluous Helped me to see that some sections of the city were ready for trees.How could I have asked a person who was not in their home without such insight?Studies affirmed our conviction.Provided great interaction, asked questions that I could not have asked of participants in program-- the academic ruse provides insights not available otherwise. Our greatest challenge remains money.The organization survived Katrina. The organization is struggling to survive the economic state. But we are proven survivors in an organizational sense as the organization was born of disaster at the time the oil bust splintered the cities. OpportunitiesThe research gives potential for us to stand out in grants.Connected us to other academic groups that may do likewise. ProblemsWho will provide my pulse in the future with such a knowing sense?
In essence, what defines the community for my study is not a particular neighborhood or political boundary such as “the 9th Ward,” or a particular ethnicity, but rather a practice---i.e., the planting of and caring for trees. This practice has emerged through the work of my community partner organizations and of a diverse group of volunteers who have taken the initiative to go into City Park, their own neighborhoods, and other sites throughout the city to prune damaged trees, plant street trees, document losses of important symbolic trees and forests, and provide trees and information for residents.
C F E R P 09 Presentation
Trees, Rebirth, and Resilience:<br />A case study of the role of trees and community forestry in recovery and resilience across scales in Post-Katrina New Orleans<br />Keith G. Tidball<br />Cornell University<br />Department of Natural Resources<br />Jean Fahr<br />Parkway Partners<br />New Orleans, LA<br />Marianne Krasny<br />Faculty Advisor<br />Cornell University<br />Community Forestry and Environmental Research Partnerships Annual Conference:<br /> Penn Center, St. Helena Island, SC <br />September 2009<br />
GLOBAL HYPOTHESIS<br />In urban post-disaster and post-conflict contexts, community –based natural resources management, such as “greening” or “urban community forestry,” a.) confers resilience across multiple scales before a catastrophic event, and b.) demonstrates resilience and reactivates recovery feedbacks and virtuous cycles after a catastrophic event.<br />CASE SPECIFIC HYPOTHESES <br />1. Trees shaped resilience before and following disaster in New Orleans.<br />2. The active engagement of citizens with trees played/plays a crucial, yet often unrecognized, role across multiple scales in recovery and resilience in Post-Katrina New Orleans.<br />
Community Partner Perspective<br /><ul><li>Progress of New Orleans recovery to date
Progress of Parkway Partners ReLeaf New Orleans project
Benefits, challenges, problems and opportunities of having a CFERP fellow in the community </li></li></ul><li>Community Partner Perspective: NOLA Recovery Progress<br />“With strong partnerships, local leadership, and leveraged assets, New Orleans could emerge as a model of resilience for metro areas recovering from natural catastrophes or major economic shocks, as those triggered by this recession.” Liu & Plyer (2009), New Orleans Four Years After Katrina, The New Orleans Index, https://gnocdc.s3.amazonaws.com/NOLAIndex/NOLAIndex.pdf<br />
Community Partner Perspective:ReLeaf New Orleans Progress<br />More than 6000 trees planted since Hurricane Katrina by Parkway Partners alone!<br />
Community Partner Perspective: Tree Troopers 2009<br />
Community Partner Perspective:Contributions from CFERP Research<br />
Community Partner Perspective:Benefits, challenges, problems and opportunities<br />Benefits- Affirmed direction, conviction<br />Greatest Challenge- Our org still needs money<br />Opportunities- Stand out in grant writing, further interaction with academic groups<br />Problems- Who will do what he does when he moves on?<br />
Actionable Research Question <br />RESEARCH<br />How have trees shaped resilience before and following disaster in New Orleans?<br />What role does the active engagement of citizens with trees play in recovery and resilience in the Post-Katrina New Orleans Social Ecological System?<br />ACTION<br />To work with community to address lack of prioritization of investment in natural capital restoration by intervention institutions, which hinders recovery of social capital and broader recovery efforts.<br />
The Research:<br />Big “pushes” or “hallmarks”<br />Urban Forestry Community of Practice<br />Explicit participatory mixed methods … (triangulation– Bliss)<br />Linking research to social ecological system resilience framework (coupled systems)<br />Identify and describe social mechanisms that confer SES resilience<br />Emphasis on usable products resulting from collaborative research<br />The framework<br />Reality Check: I AM NOWHERE NEAR “DONE”<br />
The Framework<br />Trees <br />As ecosystem service provision (to humans)<br />Symbols, cultural meaning, cultural resilience<br />Tree Planting<br />community forestry COP<br />Act of Tree planting<br />Civic ecology practices<br />Tree Planters<br />community forestry COP<br />Act of Tree planting<br />Civic ecology practices<br />Resilience of the NOLA SES<br />SES Resilience Framework<br />Symbolism<br />P.A.R.<br />Feedback<br />C.O.P.<br />Systems theory<br />
Community of Practice<br />A community of practice defines itself along three dimensions.<br />What it is about – its joint enterprise as understood and continually renegotiated by its members.<br />How it functions - mutual engagement that bind members together into a social entity.<br />What capability it has produced – the shared repertoire of communal resources that members have developed over time.<br /> <br />Communities of practice can be seen as self-organizing systems and have many of the benefits and characteristics of associational life such as the generation of what Robert Putnam and others have discussed as social capital. <br /> <br />Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning and identity. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.<br />Wenger, E. (1998). "Communities of Practice: Learning as a Social System." Systems Thinker , June.<br />Smith, M. K. (2003, 2009) 'Communities of practice', The Encyclopedia of Informal Education, www.infed.org/biblio/communities_of_practice.htm. <br />Putnam, Robert D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.<br />
So What?Preliminary results suggest…<br />Natural capital, in this case trees, does appear to play a significant role in post-crisis recovery, but is underappreciated and under supported ,or often ignored, by agencies.<br />Natural capital restoration, linked to social capital and sense of place, should be accounted for and budgeted for by institutions responding to disaster or conflict.<br />To understand multiple capitals, especially natural capital, institutions should utilize participatory planning and other stake-holder based approaches.<br />Stake-holder approaches, and the results they yield, are implicated in many important ways in managing for social-ecological system resilience…<br />Feedbacks<br />Identification of key symbols and catalysts<br />Re-starting virtuous cycles that produce environmental services<br />Guardingagainst re-starting vicious cycles<br />
Population by race/ethnicity (2000-2007)<br />Source: Greater New Orleans Community Data Center (www.gnocdc.org) analysis of US Census Bureau data from Census 2000 and American Community Survey 2007<br />