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S.Sepehri D (3)


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S.Sepehri D (3)

  1. 1. Sadra Sepehri D block 12/12/2011 What is Global Warming?
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Global Warming is the gradual increase in the temperature of Earth </li></ul><ul><li>“ Evidence continues to build that the world is slowly but surely getting warmer.”- James Hansen  </li></ul><ul><li>Earth temperature has warmed up by 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit since 1900 </li></ul>
  3. 3. How are human activities causing global warming? <ul><li>Burning fossil fuels releases CO 2 in atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>More CO 2 means “thicker” atmosphere causing more heat to be trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Coal burning plants produce 2.5 billion tons of CO 2 every year </li></ul><ul><li>Automobiles create nearly 1.5 billion tons of CO 2 annually </li></ul><ul><li>1 gallon of gas produces up to 19 pounds of CO 2 </li></ul>
  4. 4. How can we reverse the effects of global warming ? <ul><li>We should stop pumping CO 2 into Earth’s atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Economies should start using cleaner cars </li></ul><ul><li>Countries should use more renewable energy such as wind energy, solar energy ,hydraulic energy, geothermal energy etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists should develop technology to cut the amount of carbon dioxide </li></ul>
  5. 5. Should a national policy be implemented? Why or why not? <ul><li>International cooperation is needed because emissions to the atmosphere circulate worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of climate change will be worldwide too </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of those benefits are climate stabilization and health </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives, and economic opportunities are also ways to stop global warming </li></ul>
  6. 6. Should a national change policy be implemented? Why or why not? ( cont.) <ul><li>United Nations held an earth summit in 1992 ( Rio de Janeiro) </li></ul><ul><li>All countries should agree to work together because it is something that affects everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Many countries met in Kyoto, Japan and signed an agreement called Kyoto Patrols </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Australia haven’t agreed yet because they are afraid that reduction in energy could harm their economy and make unemployment worse. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How does Greenhouse emission cause global warming? <ul><li>The sun’s rays heat the earth’s land and sea and make it livable for humans and other living things </li></ul><ul><li>More than one-third of the heat bounces back off the earth’s surface but greenhouse gases capture the heat </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide ( most important one), methane (CH 4 ), nitrous Oxide (N 2 O), Ozone ( O 3 ), water vapor, halocarbons </li></ul><ul><li>The process is called “greenhouse emission” because it is similar to the way glass traps the heat inside a green house </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Natural green house effect makes a big deference to temperature of our earth </li></ul><ul><li>Without it, the average temperature is 0 degrees Fahrenheit, but with it average temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse effect is now stronger and can trap more of sun’s energy </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are the impacts of global warming? <ul><li>The greatest impact of global warming is the increase in extreme weather </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic’s perennial polar ice cap is decreasing at the rate of 9% per decade </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Global warming doesn’t make hurricanes, but it makes them stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Rising sea level will lead to coastal flooding ( Florida, Gulf of Mexico and etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Other great impacts of global warming are more common and intense. For instance, heat waves, rising average air temperature over land and sea, warmer Springs and longer summers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Career <ul><ul><li>Atmospheric scientist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric scientists mostly study the atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>surrounding our Earth. Also, they analyze the changes in the atmosphere that might affect the rest of our environment. For example, atmospheric scientists forecast the weather, study the weather in the past years, and examine the current weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salary : $55,150- $101,340 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trends : Operational meteorologist, Climatologist, Physical meteorologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancements : The American Meteorological Society (AMS) offers the Certified Consulting Meteorologist professional certification for consulting meteorologists. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Career (cont.) <ul><ul><li>Experienced meteorologists can advance in supervisory and governmental jobs, or might work on more complicated forecasting jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related Careers : Environmental scientist and specialist, Geoscientist and hydrologist </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. High School Career academies <ul><li>High School : River Hill High School </li></ul><ul><li>Career Academy : Allied Health Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Reason : I liked to know more information about the academy that includes Pharmacist. Pharmacist is one of the careers which might be eligible after finishing this academy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cornell University <ul><li>Ithaca , New York </li></ul><ul><li>Yearly tuition of $25,185.00 for New York state residents and $41,325.00 for non resident students </li></ul><ul><li>The program requirements are Atmospheric sciences, Mathematics, statics, computer science, and basic physical science </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010,Cornell University had 13,935 under graduates, 3,179 first time degree-seeking freshman, 7,004 graduate enrollments, and 13,885 degree seeking undergraduates </li></ul>
  15. 15. Community Service <ul><li>Volunteered at a nursing home </li></ul><ul><li>I think that we all should help the elderly because they were once young and helped others too. We can learn a lot of life lessons by listening to the stories that they will tell us. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Prior Job Experience <ul><ul><li>Participated in Babysitting , Clarksville, Maryland, 2103 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked as a life guard, Columbia Association, 2014-2019 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked as a Cashier, Giant Pharmacy, 2015-2017 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievements: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student of month, Clarksville Middle School, 2010-2011 school year </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Citing <ul><li>Factory Emissions Resulting in Global Warming . N.d. Results of Global Warming . N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <‌?p=254>. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming . N.d. Minding the Campus Reforming Our Universities . Center for the American University, 6 Sept. 2011. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Weather Extremes May Be the New Norm.” Map. Los Angles, California: n.p., n.d. SIRS Issues Researcher . Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <>. </li></ul>