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  1. 1. What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Lily Ha B Block November 3, 2011
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Irreversible brain disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 th leading cause of death among older adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading cause of dementia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys memory, thinking skills, and ability to function </li></ul></ul><ul><li>About 4.5 million Americans have this disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to increase 70% by 2020 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aging increases risk because people are living longer these days </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Normal Brain vs. Affected Brain “ The diminishing of the intense white and yellow areas in the image on the right indicates mild Alzheimer's disease, with the increase of blue and green colors showing decreased brain activity.” – MFMER
  4. 4. Who can get Alzheimer’s? <ul><li>Name for types of Alzheimer’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early onset is 30 year olds to 60 year olds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Late onset is after 60 year olds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Older adults </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman have a ¼ chance by age 55 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men have a 1/6 chance around 60 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Who can get Alzheimer’s? <ul><ul><li>People who don’t keep their brain active and healthy may have a higher chance in getting Alzheimer’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factors depend on… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle factors </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What are the signs or symptoms? <ul><li>Mood swings and behavioral issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distrust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting extremely angry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becoming insensitive, impolite, or judgmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impatient, self centered, or short attention span </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sloppy, disorganized, or neglecting personal hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality changes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What are the signs or symptoms? <ul><li>Forgetting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family members and well known people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t find way back to their homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to do simple tasks or taking too long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important events or being late </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words – speaking sluggishly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeating words, sentences, and questions </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How should we treat people with this disease? <ul><li>Develop good coping skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make decisions for them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help maintain their mental focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take things off their hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Errands </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How should we treat people with this disease? <ul><li>Strong support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in touch with them </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Can Alzheimer’s be treated or cured? <ul><li>For right now, there is no known cure. We are still unsure what causes Alzheimer’s Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms can be treated temporarily by medicine </li></ul>
  11. 11. Career as Registered Nurse <ul><li>Alzheimer’s patients are typically cared for by nurses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Median $64,700 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The need for nurses will increase 22% in about 7 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Master’s Degree needed to advance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related careers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse practitioners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced practice psychiatric nurse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical specialist </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. High School Career academies <ul><li>High school: River Hill High School </li></ul><ul><li>Career Academy: Visual Communications </li></ul><ul><li>I chose this academy because I’m interested in graphic arts and designing them. I have a lot of creativity and enjoy expressing it. </li></ul>
  13. 13. University of Maryland School of Nursing <ul><li>In state tuition: $6,576 </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates make up more than 40% of Maryland’s nurse workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Program requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official transcripts from all attended schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal résumé </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of goals and objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 recent academic letters of recommendation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall GPA 3.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For further information visit website </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Prior Job Experience <ul><li>Worked 4 years at Dougar’s Nursing Home </li></ul><ul><li>Employed at the River Hill Pool as Lifeguard </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted at Columbia Animal Shelter </li></ul>
  15. 15. Community Service <ul><li>Participated in various triathlon packet pick ups </li></ul><ul><li>I helped out in these because I enjoy meeting people and helping others </li></ul>
  16. 16. Citing <ul><li>PET scan of affected brain provided by Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research </li></ul><ul><li>All other pictures were taken off of Clip Art </li></ul><ul><li>All information on University of Maryland School of Nursing can be found on their website </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>