Role of aProfessional SchoolCounselor•They vary their skillsaccording to the differentdevelopmental needs of thepopulation they serve•School counselors use thebasic skills of counseling,consulting, coordinating andappraising.• Help children build self-esteem.• Help get parents involved intheir children’s education.• Work with teachers toprovide guidance.
Role of a Professional School Counselor•Help the student explore career options.• Help the student prepare for college entrance exams and other college preparatory activities.• Provide individual counseling on personal/social, academics, and career.•Help students begin focusing on career development, love relationships, social accomplishments and problem solving skills.•Help students make the transition to different grade levels.•Help support teachers and parents aid the student in developmental goals.
Appropriate roles: Inappropriate roles:• individual student academic program planning • coordinating paperwork and data entry of• I interpreting cognitive, aptitude and all new students achievement tests • I coordinating cognitive, aptitude and• I providing counseling to students who are achievement testing programs tardy or absent • I signing excuses for students who are• I providing counseling to students who have tardy or absent disciplinary problems • I performing disciplinary actions or• I providing counseling to students as to assigning discipline consequences appropriate school dress • I sending students home who are not• I collaborating with teachers to present school appropriately dressed counseling core curriculum lessons • I teaching classes when teachers are absent• I analyzing grade-point averages in relationship to achievement • I computing grade-point averages• I interpreting student records • I maintaining student records• I providing teachers with suggestions for • I supervising classrooms or common areas effective classroom management • I keeping clerical records• I ensuring student records are maintained as • I assisting with duties in the principal’s per state and federal regulations office• I helping the school principal identify and resolve student issues, needs and problems • I providing therapy or long-term counseling in schools to address psychological• I providing individual and small-group disorders counseling services to students • I coordinating school wide individual• I advocating for students at individual education plans, student study teams and education plan meetings, student study teams and school attendance review boards school attendance review boards• I analyzing disaggregated data • I serving as a data entry clerk
• Professional school counselors create a mission statement supporting the school’s mission and collaborate with other individuals and organizations to promote all students’ academic, career and personal/social developmenthttp://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33
Foundation• Foundation Objectives: • Initiate projects to enhance the personal, career and academic development of all students • Promote research to demonstrate school counseling efficacy • Increase public awareness of the school counseling profession • Promote standards and best practices in school counseling programs • Develop educational materials and professional development opportunities for the advancement of school counseling • Support publications emphasizing excellence in school counselinghttp://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33
Delivery• School counselors provide services to students, parents, school staff and the community in the following areas: • Direct Student Services Direct services are in-person interactions between school counselors and students and include the following: • School counseling core curriculum: This curriculum consists of structured lessons designed to help students attain the desired competencies and to provide all students with the knowledge, attitudes and skills appropriate for their developmental level. The school counseling core curriculum is delivered throughout the school’s overall curriculum and is systematically presented by school counselors in collaboration with other professional educators in K-12 classroom and group activities. http://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=28
Delivery• Individual Student Planning – Professional school counselors coordinate ongoing systemic activities designed to help students establish personal goals and develop future plans.• Responsive Services – Responsive services are preventative and/or intervention activities meeting students’ immediate and future needs. These needs can be necessitated by events and conditions in students’ lives and may require any of the following: • individual or group counseling • consultation with parents, teachers and other educators • referrals to other school support services or community resources • peer helping • Information http://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33
Management• School counselors incorporate organizational assessments and tools that are concrete, clearly delineated and reflective of the school’s needs. Assessments and tools include:• School counselor competency and school counseling program assessments to self-evaluate areas of strength and improvement for individual skills and program activities• Use-of-time assessment to determine the amount of time spent toward the recommended 80 percent or more of the school counselor’s time to direct and indirect services with students• Annual agreements developed with and approved by administrators at the beginning of the school year addressing how the school counseling program is organized and what goals will be accomplishedhttp://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33
Management• Advisory councils made up of students, parents, teachers, school counselors, administrators and community members to review and make recommendations about school counseling program activities and results• Use of data to measure the results of the program as well as to promote systemic change within the school system so every student graduates college- and career-ready• Curriculum, small-group and closing-the-gap action plans including developmental, prevention and intervention activities and services that measure the desired student competencies and the impact on achievement, behavior and attendance• Annual and weekly calendars to keep students, parents, teachers and administrators informed and to encourage active participation in the school counseling programhttp://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33
Accountability• To demonstrate the effectiveness of the school counseling program in measurable terms, professional school counselors report on immediate, intermediate and long-range results showing how students are different as a result of the school counseling program. Professional school counselors use data to show the impact of the school counseling program on school improvement and student achievement. Professional school counselors conduct school counseling program audits to guide future action and improve future results for all students. The performance of the professional school counselor is evaluated on basic standards of practice expected of professional school counselors implementing a school counseling program.http://www.ascanationalmodel.org/content.asp?contentid=33