Introduction to digital scholarship and digital humanities in the liberal arts and at bethel university

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Introduces the scholarly conversation around the emerging topic of Digital Humanities and how it relates to smaller, liberal arts institutions. The conclusion of the presentation provides examples of ways you can learn more and get involved in the discussion and practice of Digital Humanities and Digital Liberal Arts.

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Introduction to digital scholarship and digital humanities in the liberal arts and at bethel university

  1. 1. Introduction to Digital Scholarship and Digital Humanities in the Liberal Arts and at Bethel University Kent Gerber Digital Library Manager Bethel University Bethel Faculty Retreat (College of Arts and Sciences) Summer 2013 Introduction to Digital Scholarship and Digital Humanities in the Liberal Arts by Kent Gerber is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. Outline What is Digital Humanities? Brief History Current Projects Why Digital Humanities in Liberal Arts? Digital Humanities at Bethel Tools Communities (How to get involved)
  3. 3. What is Digital Humanities?
  4. 4. Definition from a Practitioner “a nexus of fields within which scholars use computing technologies to investigate the kinds of questions that are traditional to the humanities, or … ask traditional kinds of humanities-oriented questions about computing technologies.” Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Reporting from the Digital Humanities 2010 Conference, ProfHacker
  5. 5. Definition from Office of Digital Humanities “projects that explore how to harness new technology for humanities research as well as those that study digital culture from a humanistic perspective.”
  6. 6. Emerging Methods and Genres Enhanced Critical Curation Augmented Editions and Fluid Textuality Scale: The Law of Large Numbers Distant /Close, Macro /Micro, Surface/Depth Cultural Analytics, Aggregation , and Data-Mining Visualization and data design Locative Investigation and Thick Mapping The Animated Archive Distributed Knowledge Production and Performative Access Humanities Gaming Code, Software, and Platform Studies Database Documentaries Repurposable Content and Remix Culture Pervasive Infrastructure
  7. 7. Brief History
  8. 8. Early History Quantifiable elements of a textual corpus 1946-1967 Father Roberto Busa’s concordance of Thomas Aquinas’ body of work Index Thomisticus completed 1957 Concordance of RSV Bible in 400 hours 1963 Questions of Authorship in Federalist Papers
  9. 9. Recent History Digitized primary sources and encoded texts 1987 Perseus Digital Library (Classics and 19th century American, Germanic, and Arabic literature) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/ 1988 Women Writers Project is a long-term research project devoted to early modern women's writing and electronic text encoding. Our goal is to bring texts by pre-Victorian women writers out of the archive and make them accessible to a wide audience of teachers, students, scholars, and the general reader. 1993 Valley of the Shadow (Civil War Primary sources, PA and VA) http://valley.lib.virginia.edu/
  10. 10. From Humanities Computing to Digital Humanities 2004 Humanities Computing transitioned to use of Digital Humanities after discussion of a Blackwell Companion to Humanities publication initiated in 2001 and published in 2004 2006 Now an Office of Digital Humanities at the National Endowment for the Humanities
  11. 11. Current Projects
  12. 12. Plato’s Timaeus in Text is Beautiful
  13. 13. Digital Humanities Centers Digital History - Center for History and New Media
  14. 14. Digital Humanities Centers Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities
  15. 15. Digital Humanities Centers University of Virginia Scholars Lab
  16. 16. Digital Humanities Centers
  17. 17. Current Projects Kinds of projects pursued at the University of Minnesota from University Libraries survey: ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Digital writing and storytelling Machine learning Social media and narrative production Data mining of digital print GIS and digital humanities Digital music and ethnography 3D visualization Crowdsourcing Image tagging and discovery Digital publishing
  18. 18. Debates in the Digital Humanities University of Minnesota Press, 2012, print
  19. 19. Why Digital Humanities in Liberal Arts?
  20. 20. Why Digital Humanities in Liberal Arts Colleges? “faculty and students use digital resources to pose new questions, discover and create knowledge in distributed and collaborative ways, work with scholars and information globally without physically leaving campus, and simultaneously gather and share data in the field” (Chamberlain - Director of Center for Digital Learning and Research, Occidental College).
  21. 21. Digital Humanities Centers: Liberal Arts Institutions
  22. 22. Digital Humanities Centers: Liberal Arts Institutions Homer Multitext Project Applied-learning opportunities of digital humanities projects like the model of labs in the sciences. “Students should learn both the process of inquiry and the actual content answer to the problem. After such scaffolded learning experiences, students will be ready for more independent research of the Homer manuscripts...This process-over-product focus distinguishes the digital humanities as practiced at small liberal arts colleges from the production focus in much of the digital humanities community.” (Alexander & Frost Davis, 2012)
  23. 23. Digital Humanities Centers: Liberal Arts Institutions
  24. 24. Digital Humanities Centers: Liberal Arts Institutions Difference from Research I institutions “The mission of this center, then, explicitly focuses on undergraduate education rather than on the production of digital humanities projects. Instead, digital methodologies are seen as a means to achieving that classroom-based end. While such centers share with centers at research institutions the functions of offering a location for interdisciplinary collaboration, thereby centralizing expertise and attracting funding, they have a distinct mission that focuses on undergraduate education, akin to the focus of teaching and learning centers and in keeping with the identity of small liberal arts colleges.” Should Liberal Arts Campuses Do Digital Humanities? Process and Products in the Small College World. In Debates in the Digital Humanities (Alexander & Frost Davis)
  25. 25. DH for Liberal Arts William Pannapacker
  26. 26. Digital Liberal Arts
  27. 27. Digital Liberal Arts “students who are interested in the Arts and Humanities—Theater, Languages, History, Dance, English, Philosophy, Art, Music, and Religion—can receive even more opportunities to work closely with professionally active faculty mentors in the context of a new, three-year program designed to foster facultystudent collaborative research in the arts and humanities, as well as engagement with new Internetbased technologies that are invigorating many fields of scholarly research.”
  28. 28. DH for Liberal Arts Job Placement
  29. 29. DH for Liberal Arts Job Placement I keep hearing the same thing from potential employers: “We love students with liberal-arts degrees. They are curious; they know how to ask good questions. They know how to conduct research. They are effective writers and speakers. And they learn quickly.“ All good news, so far, for those of us who support traditional liberal-arts education. But there’s more: “So I’d love to hire your students,” they say, “provided they can also help us fix this Web site, handle our social media, help us with fund-raising, and maybe even cultivate some new clients. Do you have anyone like that? We can only hire one person.”
  30. 30. Digital Liberal Arts Projects Andrew Mellon Grant supported Hamilton College (established a center) Occidental College (established a center) Hope College (established an honors program incorporating digital humanities) Wheaton College (MA) Lexomics
  31. 31. Digital Liberal Arts/Humanities Courses - 411 so far
  32. 32. Local or Peer Liberal Arts Institutions Messiah College - DH Working group Reported on occasionally John Fea's blog (St. Olaf, Macalester, Carleton) Mellon Grant supported
  33. 33. Carleton, Macalester, and St. Olaf Colleges In May 2012, received a $100,000 collaborative planning grant from the Andrew Mellon Foundation to support faculty projects in the Digital Humanities. The Mellon Foundation funded “Collaborative Planning for the Digital Humanities” grant will run for two years. During this time, all three campuses will host a rich array of workshops and presentations, and new funding opportunities will be made available to faculty. (Goals of Digital Humanities grant.)
  34. 34. Resulting Projects Douglas Casson, Political Science, St. Olaf, John Locke’s use of the King James Bible in his personal papers, published books, and correspondence using textual comparison software to identify lexically similar passages in large collections of text Chris Wells, Macalester, and George Vrtis, Carleton, to acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to put together place-based virtual tours (both on the web and through downloadable Android and iOS smartphone apps) based on their environmental history research on the Twin Cities riverfronts. http://apps.carleton.edu/humanities/digital/grants_summer12/
  35. 35. Macalester History professor collaborating with Library Chairman Mao's Railroad in Africa CONTENTdm curating images of this project same system used by Bethel Digital Library
  36. 36. Digital Humanities Sparkfest
  37. 37. Digital Humanities Sparkfest The Twin Cities Digital Humanities Symposium is an opportunity for scholars (faculty and graduate students) from humanities and computer science fields, academic technologists, programmers, research consultants, librarians, and other academic support staff from Minnesota to come together to spark new research.
  38. 38. Who Attended from Bethel? Faculty Chris Gehrz Sam Mulberry Barrett Fisher Librarians David Stewart Kent Gerber
  39. 39. Project Examples Design & Tools for Storytelling City as Layers Photo, Video, Sound
  40. 40. Project Examples Design & Tools for Storytelling City as Layers Photo, Video, Sound
  41. 41. Crowdsourcing and Student Engagement Many digital humanities projects make materials available so that others can do the tasks that do not require expertise but do require time like transcribing or identifying shapes of characters. These also give students the chance to experience exposure to primary sources or to engage more deeply.
  42. 42. Transcription Crowdsourcing What’s on the Menu - NYPL http://menus.nypl.org/menus Ancient Lives - Zooniverse http://www.ancientlives.org/tutorial/transcribe Oxford University
  43. 43. Guantanamo Bay Project Guantanamo Public Memory Project (part of 11 universities involved) http://gitmomemory.org/stories/ Public history or Digital Humanities in the course. Exhibiton will be in Minnesota History Center Feb 2014 HIST 3001: Public History Professor in History and American Studies Rachel Hines, one of undergraduate students did a panel on Closing Guantanamo, Who Decides GTMO’s Future? http://gtmoproject.umn.edu/
  44. 44. Place to Find Many of These Projects Newspaper/Magazine
  45. 45. Place to Find Many of These Projects Newspaper/Magazine Journals
  46. 46. Digital Humanities at Bethel
  47. 47. Digital Humanities / Liberal Arts at Bethel Stephen Self’s and Grant McEachern Edgren Scholars
  48. 48. Mike Holmes’ Greek New Testament
  49. 49. Enabling New Scholarship and Public Services
  50. 50. Bethel has 150 photos in National Collection
  51. 51. Permanent Art Collection George Poundstone
  52. 52. Text Mining and Visualization
  53. 53. Wordle
  54. 54. Tools
  55. 55. See Chris Gehrz How to use Omeka in the classroom http://omeka.org/blog/2013/08/20/back-to-school-editionuse-omeka-in-your-class/
  56. 56. Choosing Tools
  57. 57. What is Needed for these efforts? Key needs / skills Building interfaces Where to go for help/ tech support Manage large scale grants Project planning - multi institutional Choosing tools - GIS, text mining, network analysis, data visualization Data management - macro analysis of 100,000 novels. Metadata and encoding Large scale content selection and development (digitization) Data analysis New research outputs New preservation responsibilities.
  58. 58. Digital Liberal Arts William Pannapacker 1. "Stop calling it 'digital humanities.'" 2. "Show how digital humanities supports the liberal arts." 3. "Build a support network with like-minded colleagues." 4. "Integrate digital humanities into the curriculum." 5. "Show how digital techniques"Celebrate the accomplishments of students and 6. support faculty research." colleagues." 7. "Seek support of the higher-ups." 8. "Invest in faculty and staff development." 9. "Seek external partnerships." 10. "Strive to be a "servant leader."
  59. 59. Communities (How to Get Involved)
  60. 60. Communities Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations http://adho.org/ Praxis Network (includes Hope College) THATCamp Curated Conversations on Twitter https://twitter.com/dancohen/digitalhumanities
  61. 61. How Can You Get Started Attend a THATCamp Consult some example Syllabi DHCommons - http://dhcommons.org/ List projects and people and skills needed Experiment with some project websites or tools
  62. 62. Collaboration with the Library Create a new digital collection Engage and extend an existing collection Submit your work to the Digital Library Archive Platform for you or your student’s scholarship
  63. 63. Some Digital Library Collections Faculty Journal Faculty Work (coming soon) Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Community Video Collection Colloquy
  64. 64. New Website: Library Home Page
  65. 65. New Website: Digital Collections Tab
  66. 66. Contact and References Email kent-gerber@bethel.edu Twitter http://twitter.com/ktkgerber Personal Learning Environments/Blogs Digital Humanities Bookmarks and Bibliography https://www.diigo.com/user/kgerber/%22digital%20humanities%22? type=all&sort=updated Atlibber: Academic Technology Librarian Blogger http://atlibber.wordpress.com

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